•  82
    Scientific values and moral education in the teaching of science
    Perspectives on Science 7 (1): 87-110. 1999.
    : Implicit instruction about values occurs throughout scientific communication, whether in the university classroom or in the larger public forum. The concern of this paper is that the kind of values education that occurs includes "reverse moral education," the idea that moral considerations are at best extra scientific if not simply irrational. The (a)moral education that many scientists unwittingly foist on their "students" undergirds the scientific establishment's typical responses to larger …Read more
  •  63
    The morality behind sustainability
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (2): 113-128. 1989.
    The concepts of sustainable agriculture, organic agriculture, regenerative agriculture, and alternative agriculture are receiving increasing attention in the academic and popular literature on present trends and future directions of agriculture. Whatever the reasons for this interest, there nevertheless remain differences of opinion concerning what counts as a sustainable agriculture. One of the reasons for these differences is that the moral underpinnings of a policy of sustainability are not c…Read more
  •  51
    Adaptive Management of Nonnative Species: Moving Beyond the “Either-Or” Through Experimental Pluralism
    with Jason M. Evans and Ann C. Wilkie
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6): 521-539. 2008.
    This paper develops the outlines of a pragmatic, adaptive management-based approach toward the control of invasive nonnative species (INS) through a case study of Kings Bay/Crystal River, a large artesian springs ecosystem that is one of Florida’s most important habitats for endangered West Indian manatees ( Trichechus manatus ). Building upon recent critiques of invasion biology, principles of adaptive management, and our own interview and participant–observer research, we argue that this case …Read more
  •  32
    Philosophy Gone Wild
    Teaching Philosophy 13 (4): 390-394. 1990.
  •  32
    Agricultural biotechnology and the future benefits argument
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2): 135-145. 2001.
    In the face of criticisms about the current generationof agricultural biotechnology products, some proponents ofagricultural biotechnology offer a ``future benefitsargument''''(FBA), which is a utilitarian ethical argument thatattempts to justify continued R&D. This paper analyzes severallogical implications of the FBA. Among these are that acceptanceof the FBA implies (1) acceptance of a precautionary approach torisk, (2) the need for a more proportional and equitabledistribution of the benefit…Read more
  •  32
    Crisis, argument, and agriculture
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2): 123-138. 1988.
    Scholarly critics such as Wendell Berry, as well as the popular media, frequently refer to problems associated with agriculture as the agricultural crisis or the farm crisis. Despite the identification of a problem or problems as symptomatic of this crisis, scant attention is paid to why the situation is a social crisis as opposed to a problem, tragedy, trend, or simple change in the structure of agriculture. This paper analyzes the use of social crisis as applied to the state of modern agricult…Read more
  •  30
    Changes, Challenges and Opportunities
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5): 921-923. 2013.
  •  29
    Agribusiness ethics: Specifying the terms of the contract (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4). 1986.
    Agricultural production in the western world in our time is primarily agribusiness. As such, a business ethics approach can be extended to agricultural production. Given the nature of the agricultural production system, however, not only are general principles for business ethics applicable, but more specific obligations need to be generated. A social contract approach such as Donaldson's, with modifications, serves to provide both the general principles for the ethical practice of agribusiness,…Read more
  •  27
    Biotechnology, ethics, and the structure of agriculture
    Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3): 53-60. 1988.
    The “new” agricultural biotechnologies are presently high-priority items on the national research agenda. The promise of increased efficiency and productivity resulting from products and processes derived from biotech is thought to justify the commitment to R&D. Nevertheless, critics challenge the environmental safety as well as political-economic consequences of particular products of biotech, notably, ice-nucleating bacteria and the bovine growth hormone. In this paper the critics' arguments a…Read more
  •  26
    Jon Elster, "Making Sense of Marx" (review)
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2): 331. 1988.
  •  26
    Review (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5): 401-402. 1988.
  •  18
    Business ethics: Ideology or utopia?
    Metaphilosophy 16 (2‐3): 118-129. 1985.
  •  17
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation…Read more
  •  8
    The morality behind sustainability
    Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (2): 113-128. 1989.
  •  2
    Book reviews (review)
    with Roger Paden, Marilyn Holly, Paul B. Thompson, Carl Mitcham, Joel Schor, Nicholas R. Ellig, John Lyon, Carl S. Barfield, Clyde Kiker, Miguel A. Altieri, and Christopher Vecsey
    Agriculture and Human Values 3 (3): 41-80. 1986.
    My contribution is a review of Jeremy Rifkin's Declaration of a Heretic
  • Crisis, argument, and agriculture
    Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (2): 123-138. 1988.
  • From the Editor: Preface to this Special Issue on Animal Welfare Impact Assessment
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1-4. forthcoming.
  • From the Editor: Preface to this Special Issue on Animal Welfare Impact Assessment
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4): 465-468. 2017.
  • From the editor
    Agriculture and Human Values 9 (4): 1-3. 1992.