University of Salzburg
Department of Philosophy (KGW)
PhD, 1970
Steubenville, Ohio, United States of America
Areas of Specialization
Areas of Interest
Value Theory
  •  128
    Doubts About the Privation Theory That Will Not Go Away: Response to Patrick Lee
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3): 489-505. 2007.
    Towards the end of his response to me, Lee presents an argument for the necessity of interpreting all evil as privation. I counter this argument by showingthat it works only for what I call “formal” good and evil, but not for what I call “contentful” good and evil. In fact, evil that is “contentful” presents a challenge tothe privation theory that I had not discussed in my article. I then proceed, in the second part of my response, to revisit the three cases of evil that in my original paper I h…Read more
  •  6
    Preface to Special Issue: The Philosophical Legacy of John Henry Newman
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (1): 1-3. 2020.
  •  13
    What Newman Can Give Catholic Philosophers Today
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (1): 5-26. 2020.
    In this article I explain various points of contact between Newman and the Catholic philosophical tradition. I begin with Newman’s personalism as it is found in the Grammar of Assent, especially in the distinction between notional and real assent, and in the distinction between formal and informal inference. Then I proceed to Newman’s personalism as it is found in his teaching on conscience and on doctrinal development. I then consider Newman as proto-phenomenologist and also as an Augustinian t…Read more
  •  14
    In this essay, I try to advance the reception of Karol Wojtyła’s seminal essay “Subjectivity and the Irreducible in Man.” In particular I try to understand and to think through the distinction that he makes between the “personalist” and the “cosmological” image of man. I unpack Wojtyła’s concept of subjectivity, which underlies all that he says about the personalist image of man. I give particular attention to all that he says about the unity formed by the two images. I then proceed to apply Woj…Read more
  •  10
  •  28
  •  5
    Critique of Value Relativism
    Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3 387-391. 1988.
  •  27
    Levinas and the Wisdom of Love
    Review of Metaphysics 62 (3): 633-634. 2009.
  •  12
    John F. Crosby, A. Schopf, Brigitte Weisshaupt, Charles Hartshome
    with John F. Crosby, A. Schopf, Brigitte Weisshaupt, and Charles Hartshome
    Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5 608-608. 1988.
  •  43
    Person and Obligation: Critical Reflections on the Anti-Authoritarian Strain in Scheler’s Personalism
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (1): 91-119. 2005.
    In the course of his polemic against Kant’s moral philosophy, Scheler was led to depreciate moral obligation and its place in the existence of persons. This depreciation is part of a larger anti-authoritarian strain in his personalism. I attempt to retrieve certain truths about moral obligation that tend to get lost in Scheler: moral obligation is not merely “medicinal” but has a place at the highest levels of moral life; the freedom of persons is lived in an incomparable way in responding to mo…Read more
  •  65
    The Dialectic of Selfhood and Relationality in the Human Person
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 66 (n/a): 181-189. 1992.
  •  31
    The Encounter of God and Man in Moral Obligation
    New Scholasticism 60 (3): 317-355. 1986.
  •  8
    Conscience and Superego
    Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 1 (4): 178-199. 1998.
  •  77
    The personhood of the human embryo
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (4): 399-417. 1993.
    My interlocutor is anyone who denies peisonhood to the embryo on the grounds that a human person can exist only in conscious activity and that in the absence of consciousness a person cannot exist at all. I probe personal consciousness to the point at which the distinction between the being and the consciousness of the human person appears, and argue on the basis of this distinction that the being of a person can exist in the absence of any consciousness. I proceed to argue that it is not only e…Read more
  •  11
    Conscience and Superego: A Phenomenological Analysis of Their Difference and Relation
    Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 1 (4). 1998.
  •  25
    Inference and Intuition in the understanding of Other Persons
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 73 137-146. 1999.
  •  6
    Inference and Intuition in the understanding of Other Persons: A Critical Discussion of Max Scheler
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 73 137-146. 1999.
  •  178
    Is All Evil Really Only Privation?
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75 197-209. 2001.
    It is proposed to test the privation theory of evil by examining three kinds of evil: (1) the evil of the complete destruction of some good (as distinct from the wounding of that good); (2) the evil of physical pain; and (3) certain forms of moral evil in which the evildoer is hostile to some good. It is shown that in none of these cases does evil seem to fit the privation scheme, and that in the second and third case evil seems to be in some way “more” than privation. In conclusion it is argued…Read more
  •  17
    Developing Dietrich von Hildebrand’s Personalism in advance
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly. forthcoming.
  •  67
    In his deep and significant study of the thought of Max Scheler, Hans Urs von Balthasar writes that “the realm of the personal was Scheler’s innermost concern, more important to him than anything else, the sanctuary of his thought.” This is why Scheler again and again aligned himself with personalism in philosophy, as we can see from the introduction to his major work, Formalism in Ethics
  • Personalist Papers
    Ruch Filozoficzny 3 (3). 2005.
  •  4
    The Heart: An Analysis of Human and Divine Affectation
    with Dietrich von Hildebrand and John Haldane
    St. Augustine's Press. 2007.
  •  22
    The Dialectic of Autonomy and Theonomy in the Human Person
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 64 (n/a): 250-258. 1990.
  •  5
    How Is It Possible Knowingly To Do Wrong?
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74 325-333. 2000.
  •  1
    The Selfhood of the Human Person
    The Personalist Forum 13 (2): 332-338. 1997.
  •  12
    Radical constructivism and theological epistemology
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 18 (1): 1-16. 2010.
  •  22
    Newman often argued like this in debate: “you do not accept this claim of mine because you think that it is exposed to certain objections; but this is unreasonable of you, because you make this other claim which is also, if you think it through, equally exposed to the same kind of objections; therefore, you should either withdraw your objections against me, or else give up that claim that you have been making.” Some contemporaries of Newman thought that he unwittingly lent support to unbelief by…Read more