•  4
    The Ethics of Citizenship in the 21st Century, edited by David Thunder
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (4): 528-531. 2019.
  •  6
    Case Studies: In Organ Transplants, Americans First?
    with Jeffrey M. Prottas and Olga Jonasson
    Hastings Center Report 16 (5): 23. 1986.
  •  3
    The paper develops a conception of “professional loyalties” and then reviews several challenges that professional loyalties encounter. The conception of professional loyalty is developed against George Fletcher’s attempt to marginalize such loyalties. Instead of being viewed primarily as loyalty to clients, it is characterized as loyalty to the ends of the profession. That conception gives rise to several challenges, which are then discussed in turn: whether professions have enough unity to enab…Read more
  •  2
    Book Review (review)
    Ethics 102 173-175. 1991.
  •  1
    [Book review] valuing life (review)
    In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics, Oxford University Press. pp. 104--163. 1994.
  •  10
    [Book review] the ethics of policing (review)
    Criminal Justice Ethics 16 (2). 1997.
  •  1
    The Ethics of Policing
    Mind 109 (433): 152-155. 2000.
  • Principles of Neutrality in Education
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 8 (2): 1-16. 1976.
  •  2
    Passmore's Philosophy of Teaching
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 18 (1): 37-46. 1986.
  •  23
    Trust and critical thinking
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (2): 133-143. 2018.
    This article discusses the tension between trust, as an expression of interpersonal commitment, and critical thinking, which includes a demand for reasons. It explores the importance of each for individual flourishing, and then seeks to establish some ways in which they intersect, drawing on ideas of authority and trustworthiness. It argues that despite the appearance of a deep tension between trust and critical thinking, they are importantly interdependent: if trust is to be warranted, critical…Read more
  •  1
    Mill, Children, and Rights
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 8 (1): 1-16. 1976.
  •  15
    A Libertarian Response to Moral Diversity (review)
    Hastings Center Report 17 (1): 34. 1987.
  •  7
    Arguing Every StepValuing Life
    with Robert P. George
    Hastings Center Report 23 (1): 44. 1993.
  •  16
    Editor's introducation
    Criminal Justice Ethics 9 (1): 11-13. 1990.
  •  4
    Editorial introduction
    Criminal Justice Ethics 17 (1): 42-42. 1998.
  •  15
    This volume explores at length the contours of an important and troubling virtue -- its cognates, contrasts, and perversions; its strengths and weaknesses; its awkward relations with universal morality; its oppositional form and limits; as well as the ways in which it functions invarious associative connections, such as friendship and familial relations, organizations and professions.
  •  2
    From Social Justice to Criminal Justice: Poverty and the Administration of Criminal Law (edited book)
    with William C. Heffernan
    Oxford University Press USA. 2000.
    The economically deprived come into contact with the criminal court system in disproportionate number. This collection of original, interactive essays, written from a variety of ideological perspectives, explores some of the more troubling questions and ethical dilemmas inherent in this situation. The contributors, including well-known legal and political philosophers Philip Pettit, George Fletcher, and Jeremy Waldron, examine issues such as heightened vulnerability, indigent representation, and…Read more
  •  7
    Three. Organismic life
    In Valuing Life, Princeton University Press. pp. 46-69. 1991.
  •  9
    Compulsory schooling
    Journal of Philosophy of Education 15 (2). 1981.
  •  100
    The Ethics of Policing (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 1996.
    This book is the most systematic, comprehensive and philosophically sophisticated discussion of police ethics yet published. It offers an in-depth analysis of the ethical values that police, as servants of the community, should uphold as they go about their task. The book considers the foundations and purpose of police authority in broad terms but also tackles specific problems such as accountability, the use of force, deceptive stratagems used to gain information or trap the criminally intentio…Read more
  •  59
    Legitimate and Illegitimate Uses of Police Force
    Criminal Justice Ethics 33 (2): 83-103. 2014.
    Utilizing a contractualist framework for understanding the basis and limits for the use of force by police, this article offers five limiting principles—respect for status as moral agents, proportionality, minimum force necessary, ends likely to be accomplished, and appropriate motivation—and then discusses uses of force that violate or risk violating those principles. These include, but are not limited to, unseemly invasions, strip searches, perp walks, handcuffing practices, post-chase apprehe…Read more
  •  7
    R. S. Peters on punishment
    British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (3): 259-269. 1972.
  •  10
    The selling of jury deliberations
    Criminal Justice Ethics 8 (1): 26-26. 1989.
  •  2
    Handled with Discretion: Ethical Issues in Police Decision Making (edited book)
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1996.
    Criticisms of how police exercise their authority are neither new nor uncommon. Police officers have considerable power, and they often must draw on that power in complex and pressing circumstances. This collection of essays by fifteen leading specialists in ethics and criminal justice examines the nature of police discretion and its many varieties. The essays explore the kinds of judgment calls police officers frequently must make: When should they get involved? Whom should they watch? What con…Read more
  •  4
    Police Loyalties: A Refuge for Scoundrels?
    Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 5 (1/2): 29-42. 1996.