•  1
    Reciprocity and the Guaranteed Income
    Politics and Society 27 (3): 387-402. 1999.
  •  61
    This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it ensures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that hunter-gatherer societies which survived into the 20th century shared on a very egalitarian basis. What can such information tell us about the sense of fairness with which modern man is born? Using game theory as a basic tool, the book argues that fairness norms should be seen as a device for selecting…Read more
  •  13
    This paper is a very early and very preliminary report of some of the findings from the research project, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." The project will lead to at least one book, perhaps two. The basic argument of the project is that influential, modern political theories often rely on dubious claims about prehistory. It examines the political philosophy literature to show how these claims are used as essential premises in influential arguments. It then examines evidence f…Read more
  •  69
    Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research (edited book)
    with Jos&Eacute Noguera, A. , Yannick Vanderborght, and Jurgen De Wispelaere
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2013.
    This book is an anthology of some of the most influential research on basic income in the period of roughly 1960-2010
  •  73
    Although John Locke’s theory of appropriation is undoubtedly influential, no one seems to agree about exactly what he was trying to say. It is unlikely that someone will write the interpretation that effectively ends the controversy. Instead of trying to find the one definitive interpretation of Locke’s property theory, this article attempts to identify the range of reasonable interpretations and extensions of Lockean property theory that exist in the contemporary literature with an emphasis on …Read more
  •  514
    Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research (edited book)
    with José A. Noguera, Yannick Vanderborght, and Jurgen De Wispelaere
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2013.
    Basic Income: An Anthology of Contemporary Research presents a compilation of six decades of Basic Income literature. It includes the most influential empirical research and theoretical arguments on all aspects of the Basic Income proposal. Includes six decades of the most influential literature on Basic Income Includes unpublished and hard-to-find articles The first major compendium on one of the most innovative political reform proposals of our age Explores multidisciplinary vi…Read more
  •  175
    Myths about the State of Nature and the Reality of Stateless Societies
    with Grant McCall
    Analyse & Kritik 37 (1-2): 233-257. 2015.
    This article argues the following points. The Hobbesian hypothesis, which we define as the claim that all people are better off under state authority than they would be outside of it, is an empirical claim about all stateless societies. It is an essential premise in most contractarian justifications of government sovereignty. Many small-scale societies are stateless. Anthropological evidence from them provides sufficient reason to doubt the truth of the hypothesis, if not to reject it entirely. …Read more
  •  66
    How the Sufficiency Minimum Becomes a Social Maximum
    Utilitas 22 (4): 474-480. 2010.
    This article argues that, under likely empirical conditions, sufficientarianism leads not to an easily achievable duty to maintain a social minimum but to the onerous duty of maintaining a social maximum at the sufficiency level. This happens because sufficientarians ask us to give no weight at all to small benefits for people above the sufficiency level if the alternative is to relieve the suffering of people below it. If we apply this judgment in a world where there are rare diseases and hard-…Read more
  •  25
    The Physical Basis of Voluntary Trade
    Human Rights Review 11 (1): 83-103. 2010.
    The article discusses the conditions under which can we say that people enter the economic system voluntarily. “The Need for an Exit Option” briefly explains the philosophical argument that voluntary interaction requires an exit option—a reasonable alternative to participation in the projects of others. “The Treatment of Effective Forced Labor in Economic and Political Theory” considers the treatment of effectively forced interaction in economic and political theory. “Human Need” discusses theor…Read more
  •  120
    A dilemma for libertarianism
    Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1): 43-72. 2009.
    Many libertarians make a moral argument that liberty requires the freedom to exercise strong property rights. From this, they argue that no more than a minimal state with sharply limited powers of taxation can be justified. A larger state would supposedly interfere with private property rights and thereby reduce liberty. In response, this article shows how natural rights to property do not entail any particular vision of the state. It demonstrates that the principles of natural property rights s…Read more