•  69
    Is Democracy a Universal Value?: Whose Democracy?
    Radical Philosophy Today 5 3-24. 2007.
    I consider several related challenges to the idea of democracy as a universal value, among them the “Asian values” argument and the claim that Islam can recognize only God as sovereign. I argue specifically against each of these challenges and attempt to demonstrate that it is possible to find strands within the Confucian tradition and Islam which can be woven into a democratic fabric. I also explore several attempts to argue in favor of democracy as a universal value and then offer a political …Read more
  •  54
    No (more) philosophy without cross-cultural philosophy
    Philosophy Compass 5 (4): 287-295. 2010.
    Philosophy is a radical inquiry whose task is to interrogate the fundamental assumptions of some given activity, discipline, or set of beliefs. In doing so, philosophical inquiry must attempt to delineate a problem and to develop a method for resolving that problem. However, to be true to its intention, philosophy must be able to examine not only the object of its inquiry but also its own method of interrogation. To accomplish this task, philosophical inquiry must be able to create a distance no…Read more
  •  48
    Can There Be a Just War?
    Radical Philosophy Today 2006 3-25. 2006.
    Just war theory distinguishes between jus ad bellum (whether the war itself is just) and jus in bello (whether the conduct of the war is just). I argue, against the traditional view, that modern warfare has made it impossible to separate the two in practice. Specifically, I argue that modern war is a techno-cultural system which requires its participants to violate the primary criterion of jus in bello—noncombatant immunity. From this it follows that even a war of self-defense is not a just war.…Read more
  •  46
    Language Games and Forms of Life
    Journal of Critical Analysis 2 (2): 25-31. 1970.
  •  25
  •  20
    What Kind of an Illusion is the Illusion of Self
    Comparative Philosophy 11 (2). 2020.
    Both early and later forms of Buddhism developed a set of arguments to demonstrate that the self is an illusion. This article begins with a brief review of some of the arguments but then proceeds to show that these arguments are not themselves sufficient to dispel the illusion. It analyzes three ways in which the illusion of self manifests itself – as wish fulfillment, as a cognitive illusion, and as a phenomenal illusion. With respect to this last, the article reviews some recent developments i…Read more
  •  17
    Why Socialists Should Take Human Nature Seriously
    Radical Philosophy Review 17 (1): 133-148. 2014.
    It is tempting for socialists to claim that there is no human nature. I argue that we should resist this temptation and that the socialist project needs to take human nature seriously. To make this argument, I put forward a view of human nature derived from Marx, from Kropotkin, and from some recent work in evolutionary psychology. I also argue that while a socialist society is more in accord with the potentials for human flourishing and self-realization, we would do a disservice to the socialis…Read more
  •  7
    Radical Philosophy Review 23 (1): 89-115. 2020.
    I shall argue that the solution to the ecological crisis will require a combined political-economic and psychological-spiritual approach. Specifically, I will argue that while there is no way to avoid eco-catastrophe within the framework of capitalism, ecosocialism understood as a political-economic construct focused wholly or even primarily on the survival and flourishing of our species is not a sufficient solution and could, in its anthropocentric and productivist form, exacerbate the problem.…Read more
  •  3
    Apocalyptic Hope in a Time of Apocalyptic Despair
    Radical Philosophy Review 23 (2): 389-400. 2020.
  • 22. The Moral Necessity of Socialism
    In Roger T. Ames Peter D. Hershock (ed.), Value and Values: Economics and Justice in an Age of Global Interdependence, University of Hawaii Press. pp. 377-399. 2015.
  • The Philosophical Quest: A Cross-Cultural Reader
    with Gail Presbey and Richard Olsen
    McGraw-Hill. 2000.
    This is a true cross-cultural anthology which presents philosophers from different cultures in dialogue with one another. The text includes selections from both traditional and contemporary Western and non-Western philosophy: African American, Latin American, and feminist philosophers as well as Asian, African, Native American, and Islamic philosophers. The reader is organized by topic, and highlights the similarities and differences between Western and Non-Western philosophers -- it arranges se…Read more