• Contextual pluralism and the libertarian paradox
    Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 79 188-197. 1993.
  •  4
    The tragedy of the commons as a voting game
    In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner's Dilemma, . pp. 156-176. 2015.
  • Principles of supervenience
    Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (1): 346-347. 1994.
  •  53
    This selection of short stories in world literature by both classical and contemporary writers offers a window to a wide range of ethical questions. The target audience are students in humanities courses in high school or college. The stories are organized by regions and by themes. Each story is linked up with articles in newspapers and magazines that address the theme raised in the short story. A few guiding questions are included to start the discussion.
  •  2
    Situationist charges versus personologist defenses and the issue of skills
    In Ronna F. Dillon & James W. Pellegrino (eds.), Testing: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives, Greenwood Publishing. pp. 199-217. 1989.
  • Essays on Philosophy and Economic Methodology (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 47 (4): 818-819. 1994.
    In the first part of this book Hausman defends a Millian view of the nature of economics. Economic models are deductive constructs based on principles that are arrived at through empirical generalization conjoined with simplifying assumptions. Economic theories are models put into practice by filling in economic data as initial conditions and by deducing predictions that are open to testing. If predictions fail, a reasoned account of the failure is due. Such an account consists in a critical exa…Read more
  •  16
  •  9
    Affirmative Action - a Polish Example?
    The Center for Values and Social Policy. 1991.
  •  12
    We investigate what nudging techniques could increase the acceptance of gender-neutral restrooms.
  • We investigate the effect of gender-neutral restrooms on waiting times.
  •  9
    The preface, the lottery, and the logic of belief
    with John Hawthorne
    Mind 108 (430): 241-264. 1999.
    John Locke proposed a straightforward relationship between qualitative and quantitative doxastic notions: belief corresponds to a sufficiently high degree of confidence. Richard Foley has further developed this Lockean thesis and applied it to an analysis of the preface and lottery paradoxes. Following Foley's lead, we exploit various versions of these paradoxes to chart a precise relationship between belief and probabilistic degrees of confidence. The resolutions of these paradoxes emphasize di…Read more
  •  9
    This paper addresses a problem for theories of epistemic democracy. In a decision on a complex issue which can be decomposed into several parts, a collective can use different voting procedures: Either its members vote on each sub-question and the answers that gain majority support are used as premises for the conclusion on the main issue, or the vote is conducted on the main issue itself. The two procedures can lead to different results. We investigate which of these procedures is better as a t…Read more
  •  8
    Sequential counterfactuals, cotenability and temporal becoming
    In Timothy Childress, Petr Kolar & Vladimir Svoboda (eds.), Logica '96 : Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium, Filosofía. pp. 41-53. 1997.
  •  4
    Suppose that we acquire various items of information from various sources and that our degree of confidence in the content of the information set is sufficiently high to believe the information. Now a new item of information is being presented by a new information source. Are we justified to add this new item of information to what we already believe? Consider the following parable: “I go to a lecture about wildlife in Greenland which was supposed to be delivered by an expert in the field…Read more
  •  5
    Wlodek Rabinowicz suggested in an e-mail conversation to me that one might be able to use a particular Hats Puzzle to make a Dutch Book against a group of individually rational persons. I present a fanciful story here that has the same structure as Rabinowicz’s Dutch Book.
  •  9
    Measuring the Impact of Philosophy
    House of Commons - Select Committee - Science and Technology. 2009.
  •  199
    Behavioural public policies and charitable giving
    Behavioural Public Policy 2 (2): 168-173. 2018.
    Some of the challenges in Sanders et al. (this issue) can be aptly illustrated by means of charity nudges, that is, nudges designed to increase charitable donations. These nudges raise many ethical questions. First, Oxfam’s triptychs with suggested donations are designed to increase giving. If successful, do our actions match ex ante or ex post preferences? Does this make a difference to the autonomy of the donor? Second, the Behavioural Insights Team conducted experiments using social networks …Read more
  •  61
    Interview: Epistemology: 5 Questions
    In Vincent F. Hendricks & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemology: 5 Questions, Automatic Press. pp. 47-61. 2008.
    Interview
  •  8
    Colorado’s Amendment 36 proposed to switch Colorado’s representation in the Electoral College from winner-takes-all to proportionality. We evaluate unilateral and uniform switches to proportionality both from Colorado’s perspective and from an impartial perspective on the basis of a priori and a posteriori voting power measures. The present system is to be preferred to a unilateral switch from any perspective on any measure. A uniform switch is to be preferred to the present system from Colorado…Read more
  •  4459
    The Ethics of Nudge
    In Mats J. Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff (eds.), Preference Change: Approaches from Philosophy, Economics and Psychology., Springer, Theory and Decision Library a. pp. 207-20. 2008.
    In their recently published book Nudge (2008) Richard H. Thaler and Cass R. Sunstein (T&S) defend a position labelled as ‘libertarian paternalism’. Their thinking appeals to both the right and the left of the political spectrum, as evidenced by the bedfellows they keep on either side of the Atlantic. In the US, they have advised Barack Obama, while, in the UK, they were welcomed with open arms by the David Cameron's camp (Chakrabortty 2008). I will consider the following questions. What is Nudge…Read more
  •  77
    An the Church agree to condom use by HIV-discordant couples
    Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12): 743-6. 2009.
    Does the position of the Roman Catholic Church on contraception also imply that the usage of condoms by HIV-discordant couples is illicit? A standard argument is to appeal to the doctrine of double effect to condone such usage, but this meets with the objection that there exists an alternative action that brings about the good effect—namely, abstinence. I argue against this objection, because an HIV-discordant couple does not bring about any bad outcome through condom usage—there is no disrespec…Read more