
697Modeling Measurement: Error and UncertaintyIn Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon & Arthur Petersen (eds.), Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice, Pickering & Chatto. pp. 7996. 2014.In the last few decades the role played by models and modeling activities has become a central topic in the scientific enterprise. In particular, it has been highlighted both that the development of models constitutes a crucial step for understanding the world and that the developed models operate as mediators between theories and the world. Such perspective is exploited here to cope with the issue as to whether errorbased and uncertaintybased modeling of measurement are incompatible, and thus…Read more

114Epistemology of measurementMeasurement 34 (1): 1730. 2003.The paper introduces what is deemed as the general epistemological problem of measurement: what characterizes measurement with respect to generic evaluation? It also analyzes the fundamental positions that have been maintained about this issue, thus presenting some sketches for a conceptual history of measurement. This characterization, in which three distinct standpoints are recognized, corresponding to a metaphysical, an antimetaphysical, and relativistic period, allows us to introduce and br…Read more

103The problem of foundations of measurementMeasurement 38 (4): 259266. 2005.Given the common assumption that measurement plays an important role in the foundation of science, the paper analyzes the possibility that Measurement Science, and therefore measurement itself, can be properly founded. The realist and the representational positions are analyzed at this regards: the conclusion, that such positions unavoidably lead to paradoxical situations, opens the discussion for a new epistemology of measurement, whose characteristics and interpretation are sketched here but a…Read more

101Measurement, Models, and UncertaintyIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 61 (8). 2012.Against the tradition, which has considered measurement able to produce pure data on physical systems, the unavoidable role played by the modeling activity in measurement is increasingly acknowledged, particularly with respect to the evaluation of measurement uncertainty. This paper characterizes measurement as a knowledgebased process and proposes a framework to understand the function of models in measurement and to systematically analyze their influence in the production of measurement resul…Read more

58Quantity and quantity valueProc. TC1TC7TC13 14th IMEKO Joint Symposium. 2011.The concept system around ‘quantity’ and ‘quantity value’ is fundamental for measurement science, but some very basic issues are still open on such concepts and their relations. This paper proposes a duality between quantities and quantity values, a proposal that simplifies their characterization and makes it consistent.

46Beyond the representational viewpoint: a new formalization of measurementMeasurement 27 (2): 7184. 2000.The paper introduces and formally defines a functional concept of a measuring system, on this basis characterizing the measurement as an evaluation performed by means of a calibrated measuring system. The distinction between exact and uncertain measurement is formalized in terms of the properties of the traceability chain joining the measuring system to the primary standard. The consequence is drawn that uncertain measurements lose the property of relationpreservation, on which the very concept…Read more

45Quantity and Quantity ValueMetrologia 49 (6): 756764. 2012.The concept system around 'quantity' and 'quantity value' is fundamental for measurement science, but some very basic issues are still open on such concepts and their relation. This paper argues that quantity values are in fact individual quantities, and that a complementarity exists between measurands and quantity values. This proposal is grounded on the analysis of three basic 'equality' relations: (i) between quantities, (ii) between quantity values and (iii) between quantities and quantity v…Read more

42Property evaluation typesMeasurement 45 (3): 437452. 2012.An appropriate characterization of property types is an important topic for measurement science. On the basis of a settheoretic model of evaluation and measurement processes, the paper introduces the operative concept of property evaluation type, and discusses how property types are related to, and in fact can be derived from, property evaluation types, by finally analyzing the consequences of these distinctions for the concepts of ‘property’ used in the International Vocabulary of Metrology – …Read more

31A relational theory of measurement: Traceability as a solution to the nontransitivity of measurement resultsMeasurement 40 (2): 233242. 2007.This paper discusses a relational modeling of measurement which is complementary to the standard representational point of view: by focusing on the experimental character of the measurandrelated comparison between objects, this modeling emphasizes the role of the measuring systems as the devices which operatively perform such a comparison. The nonidealities of the operation are formalized in terms of nontransitivity of the substitutability relation between measured objects, due to the uncerta…Read more

29Towards a concept of property evaluation typeJournal of Physics CS 238 (1): 16. 2010.An appropriate characterization of property types is an important topic for measurement science. This paper proposes to derive them from evaluation types, and analyzes the consequences of this position for the VIM3.

22Measurement in soft systems: Epistemological framework and a case studyMeasurement 42 (2): 241253. 2009.Measurement in soft systems generally cannot exploit physical sensors as data acquisition devices. The emphasis in this case is instead on how to choose the appropriate indicators and to combine their values so to obtain an overall result, interpreted as the value of a property, i.e., the measurand, for the system under analysis. This paper aims at discussing the epistemological conditions of the claim that such a process is a measurement, and performance evaluation is the case introduced to sup…Read more

17Qualche riflessione sulla retroazione come caratterisitca sistemicaRivista di Filosofia NeoScolastica. forthcoming.

5Empirical plausible reasoning by multiplevalued logicIn B. BouchonMeunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases, Springer. pp. 279285. 1991.

1On the Input of a Measurement ProcessJournal of Physics: Conference Series 588 16. 2015.It is assumed sometimes that the input of a measurement, and therefore the entity with which a measuring system interacts, is a quantity value, possibly the (true) measurand value, and from this hypothesis the model of ideal measurement as an identity process is formulated. In this paper we show that this position is based on an inappropriate superposition of quantities and quantity values, and therefore should be discarded.

Philosophical problems of controlRivista di Filosofia NeoScolastica 104 (4): 661686. 2012.The present paper presents a philosofical analysis of the concept of control based on a specific characterization of the structure of control systems. The paper is subdivided into four section: in the first and the second sections the control dynamics is described and interpreted, while the last two sections briefly copy with the relationships between control, teleonomy, teleology and freedom.

Some reflections on retroaction as systemic characterizationRivista di Filosofia NeoScolastica 103 (4): 571586. 2011.