• Information ethics, its nature and scope
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 35 (2): 3-3. 2005.
  •  12
    This article highlights the limitations of the tendency to frame health- and wellbeing-related digital tools as empowering devices, especially as they play an increasingly important role in the National Health Service in the UK. It argues that mHealth technologies should instead be framed as digital companions. This shift from empowerment to companionship is advocated by showing the conceptual, ethical, and methodological issues challenging the narrative of empowerment, and by arguing that such …Read more
  •  22
  •  332
    The idea of Artificial Intelligence for Social Good (henceforth AI4SG) is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to address social problems effectively through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies (Cath et al. 2018). This article add…Read more
  •  118
    A praxical solution of the symbol grounding problem
    with Mariarosaria Taddeo
    Minds and Machines 17 (4): 369-389. 2007.
    This article is the second step in our research into the Symbol Grounding Problem (SGP). In a previous work, we defined the main condition that must be satisfied by any strategy in order to provide a valid solution to the SGP, namely the zero semantic commitment condition (Z condition). We then showed that all the main strategies proposed so far fail to satisfy the Z condition, although they provide several important lessons to be followed by any new proposal. Here, we develop a new solution of …Read more
  •  318
    Consciousness, agents and the knowledge game
    Minds and Machines 15 (3): 415-444. 2005.
    This paper has three goals. The first is to introduce the “knowledge game”, a new, simple and yet powerful tool for analysing some intriguing philosophical questions. The second is to apply the knowledge game as an informative test to discriminate between conscious (human) and conscious-less agents (zombies and robots), depending on which version of the game they can win. And the third is to use a version of the knowledge game to provide an answer to Dretske’s question “how do you know you are n…Read more
  •  236
    Is semantic information meaningful data?
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2): 351-370. 2005.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information (SDI) as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semanti…Read more
  •  52
    On Human Dignity as a Foundation for the Right to Privacy
    Philosophy and Technology 29 (4): 307-312. 2016.
  •  1
    The perils of the swap shop
    The Philosophers' Magazine 42 12-13. 2008.
  •  85
    Understanding Epistemic Relevance
    Erkenntnis 69 (1): 69-92. 2008.
    Agents require a constant flow, and a high level of processing, of relevant semantic information, in order to interact successfully among themselves and with the environment in which they are embedded. Standard theories of information, however, are silent on the nature of epistemic relevance. In this paper, a subjectivist interpretation of epistemic relevance is developed and defended. It is based on a counterfactual and metatheoretical analysis of the degree of relevance of some semantic inform…Read more
  •  42
    Technologies of the Self
    Philosophy and Technology 25 (3): 271-273. 2012.
  •  213
    What is the ultimate nature of reality? This paper defends an answer in terms of informational realism (IR). It does so in three stages. First, it is shown that, within the debate about structural realism (SR), epistemic (ESR) and ontic (OSR) structural realism are reconcilable by using the methodology of the levels of abstractions. It follows that OSR is defensible from a structuralist-friendly position. Second, it is argued that OSR is also plausible, because not all related objects are logica…Read more
  •  89
    The article investigates the sceptical challenge from an informationtheoretic perspective. Its main goal is to articulate and defend the view that either informational scepticism is radical, but then it is epistemologically innocuous because redundant; or it is moderate, but then epistemologically beneficial because useful. In order to pursue this cooptation strategy, the article is divided into seven sections. Section 1 sets up the problem. Section 2 introduces Borei numbers as a convenient way…Read more
  •  61
    Information technologies and the tragedy of the good will
    Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4): 253-262. 2006.
  •  29
    Technology and Democracy: Three Lessons from Brexit
    Philosophy and Technology 29 (3): 189-193. 2016.
  •  9
    Is There a Philosophy of Information?
    with Filip Buekens, Alessandro Salice, Bert Baumgaertner, and Filippo Domaneschi
    Topoi 35 (1): 161-171. 2016.
    In 2002, Luciano Floridi published a paper called What is the Philosophy of Information?, where he argues for a new paradigm in philosophical research. To what extent should his proposal be accepted? Is the Philosophy of Information actually a new paradigm, in the Kuhninan sense, in Philosophy? Or is it only a new branch of Epistemology? In our discussion we will argue in defense of Floridi’s proposal. We believe that Philosophy of Information has the types of features had by other areas already…Read more
  •  114
    Kindling for the bonfire of book ownership
    The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49): 21-22. 2010.
  •  17
    Digital’s Cleaving Power and Its Consequences
    Philosophy and Technology 30 (2): 123-129. 2017.
  •  15
    The paper develops some of the conclusions, reached in Floridi (2007), concerning the future developments of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and their impact on our lives. The two main theses supported in that article were that, as the information society develops, the threshold between online and offline is becoming increasingly blurred, and that once there won't be any significant difference, we shall gradually re-conceptualise ourselves not as cyborgs but rather as inforgs, …Read more
  •  19
    Tolerant Paternalism: Pro-ethical Design as a Resolution of the Dilemma of Toleration
    Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6): 1669-1688. 2016.
    Toleration is one of the fundamental principles that inform the design of a democratic and liberal society. Unfortunately, its adoption seems inconsistent with the adoption of paternalistically benevolent policies, which represent a valuable mechanism to improve individuals’ well-being. In this paper, I refer to this tension as the dilemma of toleration. The dilemma is not new. It arises when an agent A would like to be tolerant and respectful towards another agent B’s choices but, at the same t…Read more
  •  33
    The Politics of Uncertainty
    Philosophy and Technology 28 (1): 1-4. 2015.
    What is uncertainty? There are of course several possible definitions, offered by different fields, from epistemology to statistics, but, in the background, one usually finds some kind of relation with the lack of information, in the following sense. Suppose we define semantic or factual information as the combination of a question plus the relevant, correct answer. If one has both the question and the correct answer, one is informed: “was Berlin the capital of Germany in 2010? Yes”. If one has …Read more
  •  55
    The problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 24 (2). 1993.
    The article concerns the meta-epistemological problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge and provides a reconstruction of the history of its formulations. In the first section, I analyse the connections between Sextus Empiricus' diallelus, Montaigne's rouet and Chisholm's "problem of criterion"; in the second section I focus on the link between the diallelus and the Cartesian circle; in the third section I reconstruct the origin of "Fries' trilemma"; finally, in the last section I dra…Read more
  •  30
    Replies
    Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3). 2008.
  •  7
    Is Semantic Information Meaningful Data?
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2): 351-370. 2005.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic info…Read more
  •  3
    Enveloping the world for AI
    The Philosophers' Magazine 54 20-21. 2011.
  •  3
    Group privacy
    The Philosophers' Magazine 65 22-23. 2014.
  •  7
    From Gogol to Google: dead souls online
    The Philosophers' Magazine 36 17-17. 2006.