•  80
    Monetary Intelligence and Behavioral Economics: The Enron Effect—Love of Money, Corporate Ethical Values, Corruption Perceptions Index , and Dishonesty Across 31 Geopolitical Entities
    with Modupe Adewuyi, Bolanle Adetoun, Ningyu Tang, Jingqiu Chen, Anna Manganelli, Luigina Canova, Martina Trontelj, Caroline Urbain, Theresa Tang, Allen Stembridge, Petar Skobic, Elisaveta Sardžoska, Marko Polic, Horia Pitariu, Ruja Pholsward, Francisco Pereira, Mehmet Özbek, AAhad Osman-Gani, Johnsto Osagie, Anthony Nnedum, Richard Mpoyi, Alice Moreira, Eva Malovics, Jian Liang, Kilsun Kim, Ali Kazem, Chin-Kang Jen, Abdul Ibrahim, Consuelo Garcia de la Torre, Linzhi Du, Rosario Correia, Bor-Shiuan Cheng, Mark Borg, Abdulgawi Al-Zubaidi, Michael Allen, Adebowale Akande, Peter Vlerick, Roberto Luna-Arocas, Brigitte Charles-Pauvers, Randy Chiu, Ilya Garber, Fernando Arias-Galicia, Thompson Teo, Vivien Lim, Toto Sutarso, and Thomas Tang
    Journal of Business Ethics 148 (4): 919-937. 2018.
    Monetary intelligence theory asserts that individuals apply their money attitude to frame critical concerns in the context and strategically select certain options to achieve financial goals and ultimate happiness. This study explores the dark side of monetary Intelligence and behavioral economics—dishonesty. Dishonesty, a risky prospect, involves cost–benefit analysis of self-interest. We frame good or bad barrels in the environmental context as a proxy of high or low probability of getting cau…Read more
  •  65
    Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism
    with David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri, and Mark Weber
    Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2). 2014.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based beha…Read more
  •  40
    Monetary Intelligence and Behavioral Economics Across 32 Cultures: Good Apples Enjoy Good Quality of Life in Good Barrels
    with Ningyu Tang, Jingqiu Chen, Martina Trontelj, Caroline Urbain, Theresa Tang, Allen Stembridge, Petar Skobic, Elisaveta Sardžoska, Marko Polic, Horia Pitariu, Ruja Pholsward, Francisco Pereira, Mehmet Özbek, AAhad Osman-Gani, Johnsto Osagie, Anthony Nnedum, Richard Mpoyi, Alice Moreira, Anna Manganelli, Eva Malovics, Jian Liang, Kilsun Kim, Ali Kazem, Chin-Kang Jen, Abdul Ibrahim, Consuelo Garcia de la Torre, Linzhi Du, Rosario Correia, Bor-Shiuan Cheng, Luigina Canova, Mark Borg, Abdulgawi Al-Zubaidi, Michael Allen, Adebowale Akande, Peter Vlerick, Roberto Luna-Arocas, Brigitte Charles-Pauvers, Randy Chiu, Ilya Garber, Fernando Arias-Galicia, Thompson Teo, Vivien Lim, Toto Sutarso, and Thomas Tang
    Journal of Business Ethics 148 (4): 893-917. 2018.
    Monetary Intelligence theory asserts that individuals apply their money attitude to frame critical concerns in the context and strategically select certain options to achieve financial goals and ultimate happiness. This study explores the bright side of Monetary Intelligence and behavioral economics, frames money attitude in the context of pay and life satisfaction, and controls money at the macro-level and micro-level. We theorize: Managers with low love of money motive but high stewardship beh…Read more
  •  1
    Development of a Measure of Teacher Effectiveness for IIUM
    with Mustafa Achoui and Zafar Afaq Ansari
    Intellectual Discourse 8 (2). 2000.
    The paper reports the development of a multidimensional measure to assess teaching effectiveness. The scale, known as Teaching Feedback Survey for the International Islamic University Malaysia, was developed and tested on a large sample of students and lecturers. By employing a principal components analysis with varimax rotation, an instrument consisting of 30 items was obtained, with four factorially independent dimensions of teaching effectiveness: Delivery of Information, Meaningful Interacti…Read more