• This book presents critical engagements with the work of Hent de Vries, widely regarded as one of the most important living philosophers of religion. Contributions by a distinguished group of scholars discuss the role played by religion in philosophy; the emergence and possibilities of the category of religion; and the relation between religion and violence, secularism, and sovereignty. Together, they provide a synoptic view of how de Vries's work has prompted a reconceptualization of how religi…Read more
  •  2
    This book is concerned with the connection between the formal structure of agency and the formal structure of genocide. The contributors employ philosophical approaches to explore the idea of genocidal violence as a structural element in the world. Do mechanisms or structures in nation-states produce types of national citizens that are more susceptible to genocidal projects? There are powerful arguments within philosophy that in order to be the subjects of our own lives, we must constitute ourse…Read more
  •  2
    New Labor
    Krisis 41 (2): 72-73. 2021.
  •  5
    Cet article examine le(s) lien(s) entre le racisme antinoir et l’antisémitisme en se référant à quatre traditions distinctes : les psychanalyses de Fanon et de Freud, l’École de Francfort, les travaux de Cedric Robinson et la tradition du contrat social dans la philosophie politique des débuts de l’époque moderne. Sa thèse principale est que le racisme antinoir et l’antisémitisme sont intimement liés par la logique et le fonctionnement – la phénoménologie – de l’État dans la tradition occidental…Read more
  •  7
    Rewatching, Film, and New Television
    Open Philosophy 5 (1): 17-30. 2021.
    Those of us who are captivated by new television, often find ourselves rewatching episodes or whole series. Why? What is the philosophical significance of the phenomenon of rewatching? In what follows, I engage with the ontology of television series in order to think about these questions around rewatching. I conclude by reflecting on what the entire discussion might suggest about the medium of new television, about ourselves, and also about our world and the possibilities of art in it.
  •  1
    This is a response to Seyla Benhabib’s Exile, Stateless, and Migration. I focus on Benhabib’s engagement with Arendt and her assessment of stateless persons in addition to what such a discussion suggests for the scope of our historical inquiry.
  •  31
    A Comedian and a Fascist Walk into Freud's Bar: On the Mass Character of Stand‐Up Comedy
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (4): 525-534. 2020.
    This article explores the psychoanalytic points of commonality between stand‐up comedy shows and fascist rallies, arguing that both are concerned with the creation of a “mass” audience. The article explores the political significance of this analogy by arguing that while stand‐up shows are not as regressive as fascist rallies, their “mass” character does run counter to any political aspirations they may have toward the end of critical consciousness raising.
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    New Television: The Aesthetics and Politics of a Genre
    University of Chicago Press. 2017.
    Even though it’s frequently asserted that we are living in a golden age of scripted television, television as a medium is still not taken seriously as an artistic art form, nor has the stigma of television as “chewing gum for the mind” really disappeared. Philosopher Martin Shuster argues that television is the modern art form, full of promise and urgency, and in New Television, he offers a strong philosophical justification for its importance. Through careful analysis of shows including The Wir…Read more
  •  9
    Translation of Theodor W. Adorno's "Thesen Über Bedürfnis"
    with Iain Macdonald
    Adorno Studies 1 (1): 101-104. 2017.
  •  21
    Adorno’s Practical Philosophy: Living Less Wrongly, written by Fabian Freyenhagen (review)
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (4): 502-505. 2016.
  •  49
    Hannah Arendt on the evil of not being a person
    Philosophy Compass 13 (7). 2018.
    This article presents Hannah Arendt's novel conception of evil, arguing that what animates and undergirds this conception is an understanding of human agency, of what it means to be a person at all. The banality of evil that Arendt theorizes is exactly the failure to become a person in the first place—it is, in short, the evil of being a nobody. For Arendt, this evil becomes extreme when a mass of such nobodies becomes organized by totalitarianism. This article focuses on the connection between …Read more
  •  30
    Kant's Opus Postumum and McDowell's Critique of Kant
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (4): 427-444. 2014.
    In this article, I have a modest goal: to sketch how Kant can avoid the charge of “subjective idealism” advanced against him by John McDowell and to do so with reference to Kant's last work, the so-called Opus Postumum. I am interested in defending Kant on this point because doing so not only shows how we need not—at least not because of this point about idealism—jump ship from Kant to Hegel , but also suggests that the Opus Postumum is a text that ought to be explored more by Kantians and those…Read more
  •  24
    Adorno's Theory of Philosophical and Aesthetic Truth by Owen Hulatt (review)
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (4): 743-744. 2017.
    Owen Hulatt has written an exceptional book. As truth takes a beating at the hands of late capitalism, Theodor W. Adorno's assessment of the modern world and of truth becomes intimately relevant. There is a lot to recommend in this book, and it is a bold contribution to understanding Adorno.Following Adorno, Hulatt suggests that there is a connection between epistemology and aesthetics, that the objects of both admit of being true. As he puts it, "art is itself a kind of knowledge". Hulatt's str…Read more
  •  14
    Rorty and (the Politics of) Love
    Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 40 (1): 65-78. 2019.
    This essay argues that Rorty's reliance on love evinces a residual bit of dogmatism on his part (with some guest appearances by Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin, and Theodor W. Adorno).
  •  21
    Ever since Kant and Hegel, the notion of autonomy—the idea that we are beholden to no law except one we impose upon ourselves—has been considered the truest philosophical expression of human freedom. But could our commitment to autonomy, as Theodor Adorno asked, be related to the extreme evils that we have witnessed in modernity? In Autonomy after Auschwitz, Martin Shuster explores this difficult question with astonishing theoretical acumen, examining the precise ways autonomy can lead us down a…Read more
  •  69
    Nothing to Know
    Idealistic Studies 44 (1): 1-29. 2014.
    I argue that Theodor W. Adorno is best understood as a moral perfectionist thinker in the stripe of Stanley Cavell. This is significant because Adorno’s moral philosophy has not received serious interest from moral philosophers, and much of this has to do with difficulties in situating his thought. I argue that once Adorno is situated in this way, then, like Cavell, he offers an interesting moral perspective that will be of value to a variety of moral theorists. My argument proceeds in two broad s…Read more
  •  10
    Internal Relations and the Possibility of Evil: On Cavell and Monstrosity
    European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 2 (2): 74-84. 2010.
    In this article, I examine Cavell's understanding and deployment of the catego-ries of 'evil' and the 'monstrous' in The Claim of Reason. Arguing that these notions can-not be understood apart from Cavell's reliance on the notion of an 'internal relation,' I trace this notion to its Wittgensteinian roots. Ultimately, I show that Cavell's view of evil allows us to navigate between two horns of a classic dilemma in thinking about evil: it al-lows us to see evil as neither a privation nor as a posi…Read more
  •  67
    Language and Loneliness: Arendt, Cavell, and Modernity
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (4): 473-497. 2012.
    Abstract Many have been struck by Hannah Arendt?s remarks on loneliness in the concluding pages of The Origins of Totalitarianism, but very few have attempted to deal with the remarks in any systematic way. What is especially striking about this state of affairs is that the remarks are crucial to the account contained therein, as they betray a view of agency that undergirds the rest of the account. This article develops Arendt?s thinking on loneliness throughout her corpus, showing how lonelines…Read more
  •  167
    Humor as an Optics: Bergson and the Ethics of Humor
    Hypatia 28 (3): 618-632. 2013.
    Although the ethics of humor is a relatively new field, it already seems to have achieved a consensus about ethics in general. In this paper, I implicitly (1) question the view of ethics that stands behind many discussions in the ethics of humor; I do this by explicitly (2) focusing on what has been a chief preoccupation in the ethics of humor: the evaluation of humor. Does the immoral content of a joke make it more or less humorous? Specifically, I analyze whether a sexist joke is more humorous…Read more
  •  46
    A Phenomenology of Home: Jean Améry on Homesickness
    Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (3): 117-127. 2016.
    As the contemporary nation state order continues to produce genocide and destruction, and thereby refugees, and as the national and international landscape continues to see the existence of refugees as a political problem, Jean Améry’s 1966 essay “How Much Home Does a Person Need?” takes on a curious urgency. I say ‘curious’ because his own conclusions about the essay’s aims and accomplishments appear uncertain and oftentimes unclear. My aim in what follows, then, is twofold. First, I intend to …Read more
  •  46
    Although short, Espen Dahl has written a book that truly delivers on its title: it clearly, concisely, and powerfully shows Cavell’s frequent and deep links to and engagements with religion and religious themes and with Continental philosophy. While both of these strands have been explored piecemeal by scholars, Dahl’s innovation consists in the detail with which he can engage these themes and the position he is able to carve out. That position is one that sees Cavell’s thought “as essentially o…Read more
  •  33
    Adorno and Negative Theology
    Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 37 (1): 97-130. 2016.
    This article elaborates Theodor W. Adorno’s understanding of ‘negation’ and ‘negative theology.’ It proceeds by introducing a typology of negation within modern philosophy roughly from Descartes onwards, showing how Adorno both fits and also stands out in this typology. Ultimately, it is argued that Adorno’s approach to negation and thereby to negative theology is throughout distinguished and infused by an ethical commitment.