• Reviews (review)
    Speculum 95 (3): 813-814. 2020.
  •  19
    Testimonial Trustworthiness in advance
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly. forthcoming.
  •  15
    Aquinas on Believing God in advance
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. forthcoming.
  •  13
    Testimonial Trustworthiness
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (2): 249-276. 2018.
    Believing someone is, as Elizabeth Anscombe said, “trusting him for the truth.” Recent accounts of how we trust speakers for the truth have given a central role to speaker trustworthiness but have said little about what speaker trustworthiness is. I argue that it is best to think of speaker trustworthiness as the virtue of truthfulness. I give an account of truthfulness, show how that account solves problems for other accounts of speaker trustworthiness, and then use my account to explain the ep…Read more
  •  27
    Aquinas on Testimonial Justification
    Review of Metaphysics 69 (3): 555-582. 2016.
    According to David Hume, testimonial belief is justified inferentially; according to Thomas Reid, by contrast, testimonial belief has justification by default. Aquinas’s approach is different. This article explains the importance of various kinds of testimonial belief in Aquinas, and argues that his account of testimonial justification is a pluralist one: testimonial ‘opinion’ is justified inferentially, while testimonial ‘faith’ is justified by one’s attitude toward the speaker. When one has fa…Read more
  •  10
    Aquinas on Believing God
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89 97-107. 2015.
    Aquinas says that faith is belief about things one does not “see” for oneself. But if you do not see it for yourself, what makes your belief reasonable? Recent interpreters have missed a key part of Aquinas’s answer, namely, that faith is believing God. In other words, they have not given sufficient attention to the formal object of faith. As a result, they overemphasize other parts of his answer. Drawing partly on recent epistemology of testimony, I explain how the formal object of faith contri…Read more
  •  13
    Augustine’s Development on Testimonial Knowledge
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (2): 215-237. 2018.
    “eyes are surer witnesses than ears,” says Heraclitus, deploying the term ‘witnesses’ metaphorically to steer us toward what we can see for ourselves, and away from depending literally on the witness of others.1 Much ancient epistemology leans the same way. The tendency from pre-Socratic times on is to distinguish between doxa and epistêmê, and to say that ordinary human testimony on its own can give us no more than doxa.2 Some ancient philosophers have what we might call ‘rationalist’ reasons f…Read more