University Tübingen
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 2009
Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  •  1052
    Philosophie der modernen Physik - Philipp Frank und Abel Rey
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 80 (1): 131-149. 2010.
    The aim of this paper is to show that the French philosopher and historian of science Abel Rey played a more influential role in the formative phase of the Vienna Circle than hitherto supposed. On the whole, it will be argued that Rey's contribution had political impact. His interpretation of "modern physics" in 1907 in the face of the alleged "bankruptcy of science" should be appreciated as a masterpiece of applied enlightenment thought. As such, it was especially paradigmatic for Philipp Frank…Read more
  •  494
    Critical Realism in Perspective - Remarks on a Neglected Current in Neo-Kantian Epistemology
    In Maria Carla Galavotti, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzales, Stephan Hartmann, Thomas Uebel & Marcel Weber (eds.), The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective: New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, Springer. pp. 657-673. 2014.
    Critical realism is a frequently mentioned, but not very well-known, late nineteenth-/early twentieth-century philosophical tradition. Having its roots in Kantian epistemology, critical realism is best characterized as a revisionist approach toward the original Kantian doctrine. Its most outstanding thesis is the idea that Kantian things-in-themselves are knowable. This idea was—at least implicitly—suggested by thinkers such as Alois Riehl, Wilhelm Wundt, and Oswald Külpe. Interestingly enough, …Read more
  •  398
    Realistic Claims in Logical Empiricism
    In Uskali Mäki, Stéphanie Ruphy, Gerhard Schurz & Ioannis Votsis (eds.), Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science: EPSA13 Helsinki, Springer. forthcoming.
    Logical empiricism is commonly seen as a counter-position to scientific realism. In the present paper it is shown that there indeed existed a realist faction within the logical empiricist movement. In particular, I shall point out that at least four types of realistic arguments can be distinguished within this faction: Reichenbach’s ‘probabilistic argument,’ Feigl’s ‘pragmatic argument,’ Hempel’s ‘indispensability argument,’ and Kaila’s ‘invariantist argument.’ All these variations of arguments …Read more
  •  384
    Dogmenfreiheit als Prinzip? Neuere Literatur zum logischen Empirismus
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 65 (1): 96-114. 2011.
  •  281
    David J. Chalmers: Constructing the World (review)
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (4): 648-652. 2014.
  •  215
    Wilhelm Ostwald’s program of a physical energetics is the attempt at a comprehensive description of nature on the basis of the concept of energy. In his book Energetische Grundlagen der Kulturwissenschaft, first published in 1909, Ostwald applies this conception to the area of culture. His central assumption is that cultural phenomena should be described by the energetic notion of “efficiency relation” (Güteverhältnis). His systematic thesis is that science, when organized according to the Machi…Read more
  •  117
    Eino Kaila's thought occupies a curious position within the logical empiricist movement. Along with Hans Reichenbach, Herbert Feigl, and the early Moritz Schlick, Kaila advocates a realist approach towards science and the project of a “scientific world conception”. This realist approach was chiefly directed at both Kantianism and Poincaréan conventionalism. The case in point was the theory of measurement. According to Kaila, the foundations of physical reality are characterized by the existence …Read more
  •  99
    Review Don Ross, James Ladyman, Harold Kincaid (eds.): Scientific Metaphysics (review)
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (3): 426-430. 2014.
  •  84
    Review Carnap_Metaontology (review)
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung. forthcoming.
  •  42
    Rudolf Carnap’s role in the debate over scientific realism is fairly unclear. In a certain sense, Carnap must be regarded as the one who rendered the whole issue irrelevant. However, it cannot be ignored that Carnap sometimes spoke of himself as an ‘empirical realist.’ So the question to be answered is: in what sense, if at all, did Carnap play a constructive role in the scientific realism debate. It is the aim of the present paper to tackle this question by investigating the relationship betwee…Read more
  •  36
    Helmholtz's Theory of Space and its Significance for Schlick
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1). 2012.
    Helmholtz's theory of space had significant impact on Schlick's early ?critical realist? point of view. However, it will be argued in this paper that Schlick's appropriation of Helmholtz's ideas eventually lead to a rather radical transformation of the original Helmholtzian position
  •  31
    Gottfried Gabriel: Erkenntnis
    with Gottfried Gabriel
    Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (1): 36-40. 2016.
  •  30
    In their early epistemological writings, Cassirer and Schlick represent two different strategies in their revisionist approaches toward the original Kantian doctrine. While Cassirer attempts a revision in the sense of ‚critical idealism‘, Schlick attempts a revision in the sense of ‚critical realism‘. It will be shown that this contrast in programmatic outlook leads to significant divergences, especially in the respective theories of space and the correlated interpretations of Einstein's general…Read more
  •  28
    Matthias Koßler (Hg.): Musik als Wille und Welt. Schopenhauers Philosophie der Musik
    with Regina Schidel
    Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (4): 349. 2011.
  •  27
  •  22
  •  22
    Perception and Coincidence in Helmholtz’s Theory of Measurement
    Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 6 (3). 2018.
    The present paper is concerned with Helmholtz’s theory of measurement. It will be argued that an adequate understanding of this theory depends on how Helmholtz’s application of the concepts of perception and coincidence is interpreted. In contrast both to conventionalist and Kantian readings of Helmholtz’s theory, a more realistic interpretation will be suggested.
  •  21
    Michael Esfeld und Christian Sachse: Kausale Strukturen. Einheit und Vielfalt in der Natur und den Naturwissenschaften (review)
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2): 415-419. 2011.
  •  16
    Helmholtz, Kaila, and the Representational Theory of Measurement
    Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (2): 409-431. 2018.
  •  15
    Is Logical Empiricism Compatible with Scientific Realism?
    In Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth Nemeth & Friedrich Stadler (eds.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, Springer. pp. 249-262. 2014.
    Scientific realism is the view that the theoretical entities of science exist. Atoms, forces, electromagnetic fields, and so on, are not merely instruments for organizing observational data but are real and causally effective. This view seems to be hardly compatible with the logical empiricist agenda: As common wisdom has it, logical empiricism is mainly characterized by a strong verification criterion of meaning, i.e., by the project of defining the meaning of theoretical terms by virtue of the…Read more
  •  15
    Mathematik und Ontologie. Der lange Weg zum,strukturellen Formalismus'
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (3): 358-379. 2017.
  •  14
    Treffpunkt Struktur – Cassirer, Schlick und Carnap
    Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 95 (2): 206-233. 2013.
    Structure is the connecting link between the early epistemologies of Cassirer, Schlick, and Carnap. However, there are important programmatic differences among Cassirer’s, Schlick’s, and Carnap’s articulations of the structuralistic point of view. Whereas Cassirer hoped to argue in favor of an ‚idealist‘ and Schlick in favor of a ‚realist‘ conception of structure, Carnap thought it possible to remain neutral in this respect. I will argue that Carnap’s approach, though at first sight promising, w…Read more
  •  12
    "Die Grenzen des Revisionismus" befasst sich mit den erkenntnis- und wissenschafttheoretischen Positionen des frühen Moritz Schlick und des frühen Ernst Cassirer