•  45
    In this paper, I outline the ways that reification as a pathology of what I call “cybernetic society” shapes the fundamental structures of the self and our shared social reality. Whereas the classical theory of reification was a diagnostic attempt to understand the failure of class consciousness, I believe we must push this thesis further to show how is fundamentally an ontological and not a merely cognitive or epistemic concern. By this I mean that it is a pathology of consciousness as well as …Read more
  •  2
    Constructing Marxist Ethics offers a series of compelling essays that reassess the role of ethics and moral values in Marxist theory and philosophy.
  •  68
    The two faces of domination in republican political theory
    European Journal of Political Theory 17 (1): 1474885115580352. 2018.
    I propose a theory of domination derived from republican political theory that is in contrast to the neo-republican theory of domination as arbitrary interference and domination as dependence. I suggest that, drawing on of the writings of Machiavelli and Rousseau, we can see two faces of domination that come together to inform social relations. One type of domination is extractive dominance where agents are able to derive surplus benefit from another individual, group, or collective resource, na…Read more
  •  91
    This article presents a critique of Philip Pettit’s concept of ‘freedom as non-domination’ and provides an alternative theory of both domination and republican political freedom. I argue that Pettit’s neo-republican concept of domination is insufficient to confront modern forms of domination and that this hampers his concept of republican freedom and its political relevance under the conditions of modernity. Whereas the neo-republican account of domination is defined by ‘arbitrary interference’,…Read more
  •  16
    On the Ethical Dimensions of Waste
    Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 101 (2): 252-269. 2015.
    I propose and outline an ethical theory of waste not as refuse or garbage, but rather as a property of activities and practices. On my account, waste results when resources are utilized in society in such a way that the maximum number of individuals within the community are unable to benefit from the collective resources and efforts of social activities. I point to three ethical “dimensions” of waste: socially unproductive activity, under-utilization of resources, and the mis-utilization or mis-…Read more
  •  41
    Hegel’s Dialectical Political Economy (review)
    The Owl of Minerva 33 (1): 134-137. 2001.
    The renaissance in the study of Hegel’s political and social philosophy has focused in recent years on moral thought, ethics, law, political institutions, categories of social freedom and other themes which Hegel laid out primarily in the Philosophy of Right. Curiously missing from many of these studies is the relation of political economy—or economics more generally— to the larger body of Hegel’s political theory and philosophy. Added to this is the ostensible decline of Marxism which has also …Read more
  •  20
    Islam, Rights, and Ethical Life: The Problem of Political Modernity in the Islamic World
    Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 57 (123): 99-125. 2010.
    This paper considers the roots of the dissonance between political modernity and Islamic societies. It argues that primacy has to be given to the analysis of different paradigms of 'ethical life' which are ways in which ethical-political categories are organized within society. A distinction is made between 'nomocentric' and 'rights-based' paradigms of ethical life, the former associated with a system of moral duties and the latter with a system of political and ethical rights accorded to the in…Read more
  •  27
  •  1
    Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism?(Book)
    Science and Society 67 (2): 253. 2003.
  •  99
    Axel Honneth and the neo-Idealist turn in critical theory
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (8): 779-797. 2014.
    I provide a critique of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition by calling into question the extent to which recognitive relations are immune to the effects of social and economic power and their ability to shape consciousness and moral cognition. I maintain that as a theory of socialization, Honneth’s theory is inadequate to deal with the strong structural-functional forces that hold administrative-capitalist societies together. This has the effect of constituting subjectivity in particular ways, …Read more
  •  14
    Beyond the vote: the crisis of American liberalism
    Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 3 (4). 2004.
  •  20
    The German Aesthetic Tradition (review)
    Philosophy and Literature 27 (2): 478-480. 2003.
  •  4
    Verdinglichung und das Netz der Normen: Wege zu einer Kritischen Theorie des Bewusstseins
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (2): 218-241. 2020.
    This paper proposes a reconstruction of Georg Lukács’ thesis of reification by viewing it through the normative theory of consciousness. As I see it, reification of consciousness is the result of the ways that norms that have been patterned by external social systems come to be absorbed into the background structures of cognition. As a result, consciousness becomes increasingly fitted to these normative patterns. A web of norms therefore comes to heteronomously link consciousness and social syst…Read more
  •  1
    The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Theory (edited book)
    Palgrave Macmillan. 2016.
    This handbook is the only major survey of critical theory from philosophical, political, sociological, psychological and historical vantage points. It emphasizes not only on the historical and philosophical roots of critical theory, but also its current themes and trends as well as future applications and directions. It addresses specific areas of interest that have forged the critical theory tradition, such as critical social psychology, aesthetics and the critique of culture, communicative act…Read more
  •  10
    The Wrath of Thrasymachus: Value Irrationality and the Failures of Deliberative Democracy
    Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 62 (143). 2015.
  •  3
    I argue in this paper that the theory of recognition cannot serve as a paradigm for a critical theory of society. I defend two theses. First, that it is unable to deal with the dynamics and effects of social power in any meaningful way. Specifically, it is unable to deal with what I see to be as the core of critical theory as a tradition of thought, what I call “constitutive power” or that kind of power that shapes and orients the subjectivity of persons. Second, it rests on a flawed theory of t…Read more
  •  7
    This article discusses Rousseau’s theory of the genesis and development of a “post-liberal self” and its political implications. In his Emile, or Education, Rousseau explores the distinctive featur...
  •  8
    The Domestication of Critical Theory
    Rowman & Littlefield International. 2015.
    A critique of contemporary critical theory that traces transformative shifts in the discipline during the twentieth century and argues for a reformulation of critical theory in order to ensure the legacy of its political project.
  •  1
    The renaissance in Hegel scholarship over the past two decades has largely ignored or marginalized the metaphysical dimension of his thought, perhaps most vigorously when considering his social and political philosophy. Many scholars have consistently maintained that Hegel’s political philosophy must be reconstructed without the metaphysical structure that Hegel saw as his crowning philosophical achievement. This book brings together twelve original essays that explore the relation between Hegel…Read more
  •  5
    Hierarchy, social pathology and the failure of recognition theory
    European Journal of Social Theory 22 (1): 10-26. 2019.
    This article argues that the dynamics behind the generation of social pathologies in modern society also undermine the social-relational framework for recognition. It therefore claims that the theory of recognition is impotent in face of the kinds of normative power exerted by social hierarchies. The article begins by discussing the particular forms of social pathology and their relation to hierarchical forms of social structure that are based on domination, control and subordination and then sh…Read more
  •  7
    Capitalism as Deficient Modernity
    Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 22 117-132. 2015.
  •  8
    Critical theory in critical times: Transforming the global political and economic order
    Contemporary Political Theory 18 (4): 284-289. 2017.
  •  61
    Autonomy and Common Good: Interpreting Rousseau’s General Will
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2): 266-285. 2017.
    Rousseau’s project in his Social Contract was to construct a conception of human subjectivity and political institutions that would transcend what he saw to be the limits of liberal political theory of his time. I take this as a starting point to put forward an interpretation of his theory of the general will as a kind of social cognition that is able to preserve individual autonomy and freedom alongside concerns with the collective welfare of the community. But whereas many have seen Rousseau’s…Read more
  •  93
    Alienation as Atrophied Moral Cognition and Its Implications for Political Behavior
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3): 301-321. 2013.
    I present a theory of alienation that accounts for the cognitive processes involved with moral thinking and political behavior in modern societies. On my account, alienation can be understood as a particular kind of atrophy of moral concepts and moral thinking that affect the ways individuals cognize and legitimate the social world and their place within it. Central to my argument is the thesis that modern forms of social integration—shaped by highly institutionalized, rationalized and hierarchi…Read more
  • Strangers to Nature: Animal Lives and Human Ethics (edited book)
    with Drucilla Cornell, Julian H. Franklin, Heather M. Kendrick, Eduardo Mendieta, Andrew Linzey, Paola Cavalieri, Rod Preece, Ted Benton, Michael Allen Fox, Lori Gruen, Ralph R. Acampora, Bernard Rollin, and Peter Sloterdijk
    Lexington Books. 2012.
    Strangers to Nature brings together many of the leading scholars who are working to redefine and expand the discourse on animal ethics. This volume will engage both scholars and lay-people by revealing the breadth of theorizing about the human/non-human animal relationship that is currently taking place