•  28
    The critique of intellect: Henri Bergson's prologue to an organic epistemology (review)
    Continental Philosophy Review 35 (3): 281-302. 2002.
    Bergson never dared to entitle his own work in such a fashion. However, his philosophical contribution on the workings of intelligence deserves such a high title. This article seeks to elucidate Bergson's contribution to philosophy in terms of his anticipation of several developments in human understanding. The work begins by investigating the relation between thought and the world (reality) by reviewing a series of constructivist concepts. In many ways, constructivism is related to both structu…Read more
  •  1
    This chapter argues that the phenomenon of fraud and dishonesty in science is more akin to a perversion than a straight sin. Examples from the history of evolutionary biology are used to show how scientists employ supposed examples of fraud to discredit their opponents. Examples are drawn from the history of evolutionary biology involving Darwin, the Piltdown hoax, Edward O. Wilson, and Stephen Jay Gould.
  • Introduction
    with Stephen Bullivant
    In Stephen Bullivant & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Atheism, Oxford University Press Uk. 2013.
    This introduction outlines the vision and scope of The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. While, historically speaking, the academic study of atheism has not always and everywhere received the attention it deserves, that does not mean that there is not already a significant body of scholarship on the subject. In particular, a great deal of new and exciting work—in a wide range of disciplines, and from scholars in many different countries—has emerged within the past decade. The Oxford Handbook of Atheis…Read more
  • With the coming of evolutionary speculations in the middle of the nineteenth century, there was much interest in the possible implications of these ideas for ethical thinking and action. Two basic approaches can be discerned, that of Herbert Spencer who saw ongoing progress in life’s history and used this to promote and justify proper conduct and that of Charles Darwin who used his theory of evolution through natural selection to explain moral thought and behavior. Both approaches found supporte…Read more
  • Images Between Matter and Mind: The Philosophy of Henri Bergson
    Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook. 1991.
    The tension between subject and object achieved importance in the modern era; indeed, this schism can be seen as the fundamental dispute between empiricists and rationalists. In fact, it can be claimed that this particular problem is what truly caused the current bankruptcy of metaphysics. ;One of the major themes of "post-modernism" is the attempt to develop a discourse which escapes this dualism. Likewise, in Matter and Memory, Bergson seeks to find the in-between of things and representations…Read more
  •  19
    Issue six• spring 2004
    with Adam Swift, Richard Swinburne, Frank Jackson, Piers Benn, Richard Double, Marilyn Mason, Roy Jackson, Alan Sidelle, and Michael Bradie
    In David Papineau (ed.), Philosophy, Oxford University Press. pp. 175003. 2009.
  •  4
    Hatred: Why Do Such Nice People Do Such Awful Things?
    In Sanjit Chakraborty (ed.), Human Minds and Cultures, Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 89-107. 2024.
    Humans are by nature social. And yet, we humans can be so cruel to each other. The dreadful wars of the last century: the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and so the list expands. Then there is the prejudice that members of one group show to members of other groups. Americans and slavery come at once to mind. So how do we explain the paradox? Why do such nice people do such awful things? I am an evolutionist, so I believe that the answers to the present are…Read more
  • Charles Darwin: no rebel, great revolutionary
    Cambridge University Press. 2024.
    Charles Darwin's theory of evolution continues to be controversial. Offering a ground-breaking introduction to the history and plausibility of the theory, this book shows that the theory is supportive of religion and an essential guide to approaching today's most pressing social issues - immigrants, race, homosexuality, and the status of women.
  •  10
    Introduction: “The Darwinian Theory of Evolution”
    Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 13 (2): 3-16. 2024.
  •  4
    Introducción: “La teoría darwiniana de la evolución”
    Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 13 (2): 17-31. 2024.
    Introducción de Michael Ruse: “La teoría darwiniana de la evolución"
  •  5
    Ética evolutiva: un fénix levanta vuelo
    Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 13 (2): 111-124. 2024.
    La ética evolutiva tiene (merecidamente) mala reputación. Sin embargo, no deberíamos permanecer prisioneros de nuestro pasado. Los avances recientes en biología evolutiva darwiniana allanan el camino para un vínculo entre ciencia y moral que es más modesto pero, al mismo tiempo, más profundo que las excursiones anteriores en esta dirección. Al mismo tiempo, no hay necesidad de repudiar las ideas de los grandes filósofos del pasado, particularmente de David Hume. De ahí que los orígenes simiescos…Read more
  •  7
    Teleología: ¿ayer, hoy y mañana?
    Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 13 (2): 125-142. 2024.
    Las explicaciones teleológicas en biología evolutiva, desde Cuvier hasta el presente (y hacia el futuro), dependen de la metáfora del ‘diseño’ para conservar su poder heurístico y su fertilidad predictiva.
  •  2
    Charles Darwin, the leading evolutionist, introduces and discusses his key mechanism, natural selection, in Chapter IV of his On the Origin of Species (1859). He shows how the mechanism follows from the struggle for existence, together with random variation, and he argues that it not only explains change, but change in the direction of features of adaptive worth. He introduces the secondary mechanism of sexual selection and then, through examples, shows how selection might be expected to work in…Read more
  • Removing God from biology
    In Peter Harrison & Jon H. Roberts (eds.), Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism, Oxford University Press. 2019.
  •  35
  •  5
    Are Pictures Really Necessary? The Case of Sewell Wright’s “Adaptive Landscapes”
    PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990 (2): 62-77. 1990.
    Biologists are remarkably visual people. Yet, the classics of logical empiricism never raised the general question of scientific illustration. Moreover, one suspects that the silence was, if anything, actively hostile. People did not talk about biological illustration, because they did not judge it to be part of “real science”. This enterprise produces statements or propositions, ideally embedded in a formal system. It may beaboutthe real world, but it is not in any senseofthe real world, in bei…Read more
  •  4
    This chapter contains sections titled: Progress and Evolution Embryological Analogies Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution After Darwin The Twentieth Century Growing Up References.
  •  5
    In Graham Oppy (ed.), A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy, Blackwell. 2019.
    The objections to evolution were always more philosophical than scientific, in particular the needed explanation of the design‐like nature of organisms. Charles Darwin supplied the answer with his mechanism of natural selection. There are still major issues about the relationship of Darwinism to religion, to Christianity specifically. These include the problem of miracles, the problem of evil, and the needed progress to produce humankind. The issues continue to be more philosophical than scienti…Read more
  •  3
    Darwinism and Atheism
    In J. B. Stump & Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity, Wiley-blackwell. 2012.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Biblical Literalism Miracles Design Morality Original Sin Natural Evil Contingency Conclusion References Further Reading.
  •  4
    Moral Philosophy as Applied Science
    with Edward O. Wilson
    In Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings, Princeton University Press. pp. 365-379. 2009.
  •  7
    The Darwinian revolution: science red in tooth and claw
    University of Chicago Press. 1979.
    Originally published in 1979, The Darwinian Revolution was the first comprehensive and readable synthesis of the history of evolutionary thought. Though the years since have seen an enormous flowering of research on Darwin and other nineteenth-century scientists concerned with evolution, as well as the larger social and cultural responses to their work, The Darwinian Revolution remains remarkably current and stimulating. For this edition Michael Ruse has written a new afterword that takes into a…Read more
  •  87
    Science, truth, and democracy (review)
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2). 2003.
    Book Information Science, Truth, and Democracy. By Philip Kitcher. Oxford. New York. 2001. Pp. xiii + 219. US$27.50.
  •  9
    The Relations between the Sciences
    Philosophy of Science 39 (1): 91-92. 1972.
  •  1
    The Young Darwin and His Cultural Circle
    Philosophy of Science 46 (1): 165-166. 1979.
  •  36
    Abusing Science: The Case against Creationism
    Journal of the History of Biology 17 (1): 147-148. 1984.
  •  15
    Anomalies and Scientific Theories
    Philosophy of Science 38 (4): 614-616. 1971.
  •  86
    Book reviews (review)
    with John Bacon, Alan R. White, M. Glouberman, Lawrence H. Davis, Gershon Weiler, Jeffrey Bub, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Yehuda Melzer, Zeev Levy, S. Biderman, Joseph Raz, and Irwin C. Lieb
    Philosophia 5 (3): 319-384. 1975.