Mitsou Ronat (1946 – 8 July 1984) was a French poet, linguist and specialist of literary theory.
As member of the committee of the journal Action poétique with Henri Deluy, Martine Broda, Jacques Roubaud and Elisabeth Roudinesco, she expressed critical views of Tel Quel and criticizes the use of linguistics made by Julia Kristeva.
In 1967 she joined the collective Change, founded by Jean-Pierre Faye, where she advocated for a diffusion of Noam Chomsky's ideas, and the use of this type of linguistics in the analysis of literature.
She was also a member of the Polivanov circle, where she met several linguists and poets among which were Jacques Roubaud, Jean-Claude Milner, Jacqueline Guéron and Pierre Lusson.
She published a number of papers which tend to show that Chomsky's notion of constraint can be extended to the study of literature.
A specialist on Stéphane Mallarmé and James Joyce, she criticized the analysis of Joyce developed by Philippe Sollers.
In 1980 she published (with Tibor Papp) a provocative edition of his poem "Un coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard".
Very close to Ann Banfield and Sige-Yuki Kuroda, Ronat obtained her Ph.D. in 1974.
She was a co-founder, with Pierre Pica and others, of the French Association des Sciences du Langage, she was the author of a dialogue with Noam Chomsky, and of several linguistics papers.
In the last part of her life, Mitsou Ronat became especially interested in the interface between language and prosody.
She was the author of several poems where she analyzed the relationship between language and vision.
She died on 8 July 1984, in a car accident leaving an uncompleted doctoral dissertation.