•  416
    Street Art: The Transfiguration of the Commonplaces
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 68 (3): 243-257. 2010.
    According to Arthur Danto, post-modern or post-historical art began when artists like Andy Warhol collapsed the Modern distinction between art and everyday life by bringing “the everyday” into the artworld. I begin by pointing out that there is another way to collapse this distinction: bring art out of the artworld and into everyday life. An especially effective way of doing this is to make street art, which, I argue, is art whose meaning depends on its use of the street. I defend this definitio…Read more
  •  148
    Street Art and Graffiti
    In Michael Kelly (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2nd Edition), Oxford University Press. 2014.
    A brief overview of work on street art and graffiti.
  •  145
    Personal Style and Artistic Style
    Philosophical Quarterly 65 (261): 711-731. 2015.
    What is it for a person to have style? Philosophers working in action theory, ethics, and aesthetics are surprisingly quiet on this question. I begin by considering whether theories of artistic style shed any light on it. Many philosophers, artists, and art historians are attracted to some version of the view that artistic style is the expression of personality. I clarify this view and argue that it is implausible for both artistic style and, suitably modified, personal style. In fact, both theo…Read more
  •  93
    On the Aesthetic Ideal
    British Journal of Aesthetics 55 (4): 433-447. 2015.
    How should we pursue aesthetic value, or incorporate it into our lives, if we want to? Is there an ideal of aesthetic life? Philosophers have proposed numerous answers to the analogous question in moral philosophy, but the aesthetic question has received relatively little attention. There is, in essence, a single view, which is that one should develop a sensibility that would give one sweeping access to aesthetic value. I challenge this view on two grounds. First, it threatens to undermine our "…Read more
  •  77
    Levinson on the Aesthetic Ideal
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (3): 277-281. 2013.
    In “Artistic Worth and Personal Taste,” Jerrold Levinson develops a problem for those who think we should strive to be “ideal critics” in our aesthetic lives. He then offers several solutions to this problem. I argue that his solutions miss the mark and that the problem he characterizes may not be genuine after all.
  •  74
    On the Interest in Beauty and Disinterest
    Philosophers' Imprint 16 1-14. 2016.
    Contemporary philosophical attitudes toward beauty are hard to reconcile with its importance in the history of philosophy. Philosophers used to allow it a starring role in their theories of autonomy, morality, or the good life. But today, if beauty is discussed at all, it is often explicitly denied any such importance. This is due, in part, to the thought that beauty is the object of “disinterested pleasure”. In this paper I clarify the notion of disinterest and develop two general strategies fo…Read more
  •  70
    Nearly every day we hear that something or someone is awesome or sucks. Are these just empty words meaning little more than “good” and “bad”? Or is there something more interesting or even important about our obsession with awesomeness and our fear of suckiness? What exactly is it to be awesome? What is it to suck? I sketch a way of thinking about awesomeness and suckiness and suggest that it illuminates what I call “the ethics of awesomeness.”
  •  49
    Beauty and Love
    In Michael Kelly (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, Oxford University Press. 2014.
    A brief history, overview, and assessment of the thesis that beauty is the object of love.
  •  45
    Personal Ideals as Metaphors
    Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3 (3): 265-283. 2017.
    What is it to have and act on a personal ideal? Someone who aspires to be a philosopher might imaginatively think “I am a philosopher” by way of motivating herself to think hard about a philosophical question. But doing so seems to require her to act on an inaccurate self-description, given that she isn’t yet what she regards herself as being. J. David Velleman develops the thought that action-by-ideal involves a kind of fictional self-conception. My aim is to expand our thinking about personal …Read more
  •  44
    I develop a theory of social virtue around the concept of a "social opening" and argue that a range of contemporary terms track various modes of success and failure with respect to social openings: ‘awesome’, ‘down’, ‘chill’, ‘sucks’, ‘wack’, ‘lame’, ‘douchebag’, and others. A basic idea is that the normative character of contemporary social life cannot be fully understood in traditional philosophical terms: ‘obligation’, ‘demand’, ‘duty’, ‘right’, ‘just’, ‘requirement’. ‘Sucks’ and ‘awesome’ (a…Read more
  •  30
    Using the Street for Art: A Reply to Baldini
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 74 (2): 191-195. 2016.
    I reply to Andrea Baldini's critical discussion of my "Street Art: The Transfiguration of the Commonplaces" (2010) by taking up the question: what is "the street" in street art? I argue that the relevant notion of the street is a space whose function it is to facilitate self-expression. I show how this clarifies and extends the theory developed in Riggle (2010). I then argue, contra Baldini, that street art is not always subversive, and when it is, it is not always in virtue of its challenging t…Read more