• Crime, Punishment, and Causation
    Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 24 (1): 118-127. 2018.
    Moral judgments about a situation are profoundly shaped by the perception of individuals in that situation as either moral agents or moral patients (Gray & Wegner, 2009; Gray, Young, & Waytz, 2012), Specifically, the more we see someone as a moral agent, the less we see them as a moral patient, and vice versa. As a result, casting the perpetrator of a transgression as a victim tends to have the effect of making them seem less blameworthy (Gray & Wegner, 2011). Based on this theoretical framework…Read more
  • To answer whether moral responsibility is compatible with determinism, two different methods for justifying compatibilist conditions of responsibility have emerged in recent literature. First-person approaches, such as Hilary Bok's, appeal to the first-person experience of human agency to justify our practices of holding agents responsible. In contrast, T. M. Scanlon and Jay Wallace, following P. F. Strawson, begin with an account of the interpersonal significance of holding each other responsib…Read more
  •  23
    “Nanoethic”?: What's New?
    Hastings Center Report 37 (1): 22-25. 2007.
    The nanotechnology hype, engendering both fanatical optimism and apocalyptic fears, has produced calls from different commentators for "a radical change in the way we address ethical issues" and a "novel [ethical] approach to the future" that must be divorced from existing moral theories. However, a unique ethical framework devised specifically for nanotechnology is both impossible and unnecessary. The ethical issues predicted to accompany nanomedicine and nanotechnology are raised by medicine, …Read more
  •  13
    A More Persuasive Justification for Pediatric Research
    American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1). 2012.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 44-46, January 2012
  •  130
    Responsibility status of the psychopath: On moral reasoning and rational self-governance
    Rutgers Law Journal, Vol. No., 2008 39 (349): 350-392. 2008.
    Responsibility theorists frequently discuss psychopathy because it challenges various accounts of the capacities required for appropriate ascriptions of moral and legal responsibility. As often described, the psychopath has the capacity to reason practically but lacks the capacity to grasp and control himself in light of moral considerations. As portrayed, then, the psychopath resides in the area of disagreement between two philosophical camps: (i) theorists who put forth the general capacity fo…Read more
  •  122
    Psychopathy and responsibility theory
    Philosophy Compass 5 (8): 676-688. 2010.
    Psychopathy presents a difficult challenge to moral and criminal responsibility theorists. Persons with the disorder have an impaired capacity for empathy and other moral emotions, and fail to feel the force of moral considerations. They have some rational impairments, but they reason adequately to manipulate, con, and exploit their victims, and otherwise to engage successfully in antisocial behavior. Is it appropriate to hold them morally responsible for their wrongdoing? Should the law hold ps…Read more
  •  10
    Defending the Distinction Between Research and Medical Care
    American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4): 63-66. 2006.
    No abstract
  •  37
    Paul Litton and Franklin G. Miller Reply to Madeline M. Motta
    Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (4): 635-635. 2005.
  •  41
    Federal efforts beginning in the 1990's have successfully increased pediatric research to improve medical care for all children. Since 1997, the FDA has requested 800 pediatric studies involving 45,000 children. Much of this research is "non-beneficial"; that is, it exposes pediatric subjects to risk even though these children will not benefit from participating in the research. Non-beneficial pediatric research (NBPR) seems, by definition, contrary to the best interests of pediatric subjects, w…Read more
  •  36
    Evidence that some executed prisoners suffered excruciating pain has reinvigorated the ethical debate about physician participation in executions. In widely publicized litigation, death row inmates argue that participation of anesthesiologists in their execution is constitutionally required to minimize the risk of unnecessary suffering. For many years, commentators supported the ethical ban on physician participation reflected in codes of professional medical organizations. However, a recent wav…Read more
  •  15
    ADHD, Values, and the Self
    American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3): 65-67. 2005.
    *The opinions expressed are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the policy of the National Institutes of Health, the Public Health Service, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  •  22
    The Undue Influence of Causation
    American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8): 19-20. 2011.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 19-20, August 2011