•  317
    The idea that concepts play a significant role in some perceptions is widespread but everybody seems to differ as to where to draw the line. Some researchers say that the difference between direct and indirect, concept driven acts of perception manifests itself whenever we perceive abstract or general properties. Others point at second order properties or causal properties. I call this inability to precisely differentiate between acts of direct and indirect perception “The Division Problem”. Fur…Read more
  •  252
    The paper is devoted to controversies in computer games studies connected with game classification and characteristics. Controversies on walking simulators are discussed in depth; also historical roots of these games and their ergodicity.
  •  243
    Do Animals See Objects?
    In Marcin Miłkowski Konrad Talmont-Kamiński (ed.), Regarding Mind, Naturally, . 2013.
  •  188
    In Remarks on the philosophy of psychology Wittgenstein uses ambiguous illusions to investigate the problematic relation of perception and interpretation. I use this problem as a starting point for developing a conceptual framework capable of expressing problems associated with visual perception in a precise manner. I do this by discerning between subjective and objective meaning of the term “to see” and by specifying the beliefs which are to be ascribed to the observer when we assert that…Read more
  •  43
    Perception of Affordances and Experience of Presence in Virtual Reality
    Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 7 (2): 25-44. 2016.
    Recent developments in virtual reality technology raise a question about the experience of presence and immersion in virtual environments. What is immersion and what are the conditions for inducing the experience of virtual presence? In this paper, we argue that crucial determinants of presence are perception of affordances and sense of embodiment. In the first section of this paper, we define key concepts and introduce important distinctions such as immersion and presence. In the second and thi…Read more
  •  42
    Umysł - software czy hardware?
    Hybris. Revista de Filosofía 7. 2008.
  •  34
    Split-Screen : Videogame History through Local Multiplayer Design
    with Veli-Matti Karhulahti
    Design Issues. forthcoming.
    By looking at videogame production through a two-vector model of design – a practice determined by the interplay between economic and technological evolution – we argue that shared screen play, as both collaboration and competition, originally functioned as a desirable pattern in videogame design, but has since become problematic due to industry transformations. This is introduced as an example of what we call design vestigiality: momentary loss of a design pattern’s contextual function due …Read more
  •  30
    Celem artykułu jest wyróżnienie dwóch, funkcjonujących w języku potocznym sensów wyrażenia „widzieć” – obiektywnego i subiektywnego bez jednoczesnego przypisywania obserwatorom przekonań. Celem jest zatem ekstensjonalna eksplikacja. Pozwala to na opisywanie percepcji wzrokowej bez przesądzania o wyższych zdolnościach kognitywnych podmiotu percepcji. Wprowadzenie przekonań obserwatora pozwala następnie na wyrażenie większej ilości rozróżnień występujących w literaturze poświęconej filozoficznym z…Read more
  •  20
    Inferentialism without Normativity
    Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 25 (2): 174-195. 2018.
    In this paper we argue that inferentialist approach to meaning does not, by itself, show that meaning is normative in a prescriptive sense, and that the constitutive rules argument is especially troubling for this position. To show that, we present the proto-inferentialist theory developed by Ajdukiewicz and claim that despite the differences between his theory and contemporary inferentialism rules of language in both theories function more like classificatory devices than prescriptions. Inferen…Read more
  •  19
    Dy rektywalna teoria znaczenia jako teoria znaczenia wąskiego
    Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 88 (4): 285-302. 2013.
  •  17
    Eksperymenty myślowe w służbie esencjalizmu
    Filozofia Nauki 17 (1): 23. 2009.
    Thought experiments are often employed by philosophers who try to differentiate between essential and accidental properties. These experiments are said to stimulate the intuition of the reader (be it eidetic, linguistic or any other type of intuition). But sometimes they rather persuade the reader than test his intuition. How can we test the readers without revealing to them the role of test subjects they play? I suggest that some works of fiction can be treated as massive thought experiments be…Read more
  •  15
    Czym się różni kategoryzacja od konceptualizacji?
    Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 86 (2): 455-470. 2013.
  •  15
    How “Meaning” became “Narrow Content”
    Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 46 (1): 155-171. 2016.
    The paper traces how disappointment with the notion of linguistic meaning has led to a shift towards the new, technical term of “narrow content”. In the first part of the paper I analyze the ways “narrow content” is understood in the literature. I show two important distinctions which have to be applied to the term in order to avoid confusion – the difference between context and functional theories of narrow content, and the difference between mental and linguistic narrow content. I argue that t…Read more
  •  2
    The aim of the paper is to distinguish two common notions of the expression “to see” – objective and subjective without attributing beliefs to the observer. Thus, the main aim can be characterized as extensional explication. This gives us the ability to describe visual perception without assuming anything about higher cognitive abilities of the agent. Subsequent addition of the notion of belief enables me to characterize more visual categories present in the literature of the subject.
  •  1
    Directival Theory of Meaning Resurrected
    Studia Semiotyczne—English Supplement 29 62-81. 2017.
    The first aim of this paper is to remind the reader of a very original theory of meaning which in many aspects has not been surpassed by subsequent theories. The theory in question is Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s Directival Theory of Meaning. In the first section I present a version of this theory which, I trust, retains the gist of the original but loses its outdated language. In the second section I analyze some problematic consequences of the directival theory and show how they can be addressed. T…Read more
  •  1
    Directival Theory of Meaning Resurrected
    Studia Semiotyczne 31 (1): 23-43. 2017.
    The first aim of this paper is to remind the reader of a very original theory of meaning which in many aspects has not been surpassed by subsequent theories. The theory in question is Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s Directival Theory of Meaning. In the first section I present a version of this theory which, I trust, retains the gist of the original but loses its outdated language. In the second section I analyze some problematic consequences of the directival theory and show how they can be addressed. T…Read more
  • Od bodźca do moralności
    Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 50 (2): 111-123. 2004.
  • In this article I am trying to compare the methods of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Such a general comparison is of course impossible in a small article. In order to make it possible I am comparing selected authors. Phenomenology is thus represented by Husserl and Ingarden, analytic philosophy by Putnam and Kripke (they are chosen because of their realism and essentialism). I am trying to analyze the way the authors describe their methods. First I am analyzing analytic philosophy from t…Read more
  • Granice sacrum. Wymiary religijności w myśli współczesnej (edited book)
    with Tomasz Sieczkowski
    Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. 2017.