•  6
    Pathologizing sexual deviance: a history
    Journal of Sex Research 50 (3). 2013.
    This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal beha…Read more
  •  4
    In Defence of Animal Homosexuality
    Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11. 2019.
    When it comes to humans, ‘homosexuality’ refers to a variety of characteristics, ranging from sexual behaviours, desires, preferences, and orientations, to sexual identities. The question driving this paper is whether, and to what extent, it is justified to also ascribe such characteristics to nonhuman animals. Scientific opinions are divided on this issue, ranging from militantly positive to cautiously positive to markedly negative, with many in between suggesting we should at least change the …Read more
  •  8
    In Defence of Animal Homosexuality
    Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11. 2019.
    When it comes to humans, ‘homosexuality’ refers to a variety of characteristics, ranging from sexual behaviours, desires, preferences, and orientations, to sexual identities. The question driving this paper is whether, and to what extent, it is justified to also ascribe such characteristics to nonhuman animals. Scientific opinions are divided on this issue, ranging from militantly positive to cautiously positive to markedly negative, with many in between suggesting we should at least change the …Read more
  •  143
    Why We Essentialize Mental Disorders
    with Andreas De Block
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2): 107-127. 2013.
    Essentialism is one of the most pervasive problems in mental health research. Many psychiatrists still hold the view that their nosologies will enable them, sooner or later, to carve nature at its joints and to identify and chart the essence of mental disorders. Moreover, according to recent research in social psychology, some laypeople tend to think along similar essentialist lines. The main aim of this article is to highlight a number of processes that possibly explain the persistent presence …Read more
  •  172
    The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4): 570-585. 2006.
    Male homosexuality has been viewed by evolutionary psychologists as a Darwinian paradox, and by other social scientists as a social construction. We argue that it is better understood as an evolutionary social construction. Male homosexuality as we now know it is an 18th-century invention, but nonexclusive same-sex sexual behavior has a long evolutionary history. According to the alliance-formation hypothesis, same-sex sexuality evolved by natural selection because it created or strengthened mal…Read more
  •  12
    Michel Onfray's' Het lichaam, het leven en het lijden'
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (2): 382-383. 2005.
  •  142
    At first sight, homosexuality has little to do with reproduction. Nevertheless, many neo-Darwinian theoreticians think that human homosexuality may have had a procreative value, since it enabled the close kin of homosexuals to have more viable offspring than individuals lacking the support of homosexual siblings. In this article, however, we will defend an alternative hypothesis - originally put forward by Freud in "A phylogenetic phantasy" - namely that homosexuality evolved as a means to stren…Read more
  •  121
    Evolutionary psychiatry and the schizophrenia paradox: A critique
    Biology and Philosophy 22 (4): 513-528. 2007.
      Evolutionary psychiatrists invariably consider schizophrenia to be a paradox: how come natural selection has not yet eliminated the infamous ‘genes for schizophrenia’ if the disorder simply crushes the reproductive success of its carriers, if it has been around for thousands of years already, and if it has a uniform prevalence throughout the world? Usually, the answer is that the schizophrenic genotype is subject to some kind of balancing selection: the benefits it confers would then outbalanc…Read more
  •  17
    Raymond Corbey's' The Metaphysics of Apes'
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 99 (4): 310-312. 2007.
  •  2
    Vijf essays over Freud en de evolutiepsychiatrie
    Philosophical Psychology 17 (1): 59-76. 2004.
  • The Metaphysics of Apes (review)
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 4. 2007.
  •  19
    Alle gekheid in een hokje
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (1): 7-39. 2010.
  •  44
    Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory (edited book)
    with Andreas De Block
    Oxford University Press. 2011.
    Maladapting Minds discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders and, more generally, in evolutionary thinking. First of all, there is the nascent field of evolutionary psychiatry. Unlike other psychiatrists, evolutionary psychiatrists engage with ultimate, rather than proximate, questions about mental illnesses. Being a young and youthful new discipline, evolutionary psychiatry allows for a nice case study in…Read more