• Buddhist Approach to Euthanasia
    Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 20 9-13. 2018.
    Euthanasia is a “mercy killing”. More formally, it is killing of those who are incurably ill, in great pain or distress. Euthanasia can take three forms: voluntary, involuntary and non-voluntary. All three kinds of euthanasia can be either active or passive. Buddhism rejects euthanasia in its voluntary and non-voluntary forms. Thus, Buddhism – that is supposed to be opposed to euthanasia – is thereby not committed to life being an absolute value to be preserved at all cost. In the case of active…Read more
  • Negation, Logic, and Semantics
    K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute. 1998.
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    Semantic Aspect of Buddhist Logic with Special Reference to Dinnaga and Dharmakirti
    Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 6 167-183. 2008.
    Buddhist logicians have rejected the reality of universals on the one hand, and, on the other hand, given a substitute in the form of the doctrine of Apoha. The doctrine of apoha first appears in Dinnaga’s Pramanasamuccaya, according to which words and concepts are negative by their very nature. They proceed on thebasis of negation. They express their own meaning only by repudiating their opposite meaning. The Buddhist logicians talk of two types of knowledge, viz., pratyaksa, which is non- rela…Read more
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    A Critical Examination of Dinnaga’s Views on Sentence
    Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24 29-36. 2008.
    The idea to work on this topic was come to my mind when I came across Masaaki Hattori’s comment that Dinnaga has accepted Bhartrhari’s views regarding the meaning of a sentence although their theories of word meaning are completely different from each other. According to Bhartrhari, in all phenomenal entities there are two elements viz. jati and vyakti; jati refers to the real element and vyakti to the unreal. Vyakti suffer changes, whereas jati remains constant. Again according to him the real …Read more