Religious Thought

Shiraz University
  •  270
    Happiness and its transformation in Islamic Philosophy from Al- Kendi to Al- Tusi
    with Religious Thought and Alireza Aram
    Journal of Religiouw Thought 20 (77): 1-28. 2020.
    Seeking for Happiness in Islamic Philosophy and its goal, it can be seen a literal and unanimous answer in philosopher words which reflects combination of worldly(secular) and otherworldly(sacred) happiness that it can prepare temporal and eschatological happiness. But in a deeper investigation we can ask: what is the main purpose? mortal or final dimension of happiness? As a result of the text, it seems that from Al- Kendi to Al- Rāzī the otherworldly happiness is considered as a result of worl…Read more
  •  224
    Critical Reread of a Debate: Anscombe and Lewis Dispute in Rejection of Atheistic Naturalism
    with Religious Thought, Ahmad Ebadi, and Mohammad Emdadi Masuleh
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 21 (78): 53-76. 2021.
    In 1948 a legendary debate occurred at the Oxford Socratic Club between C. S. Lewis and Elizabeth Anscombe. In this meeting, Lewis shows that atheistic naturalism is refute in meaning the strict materialism. Anscombe makes three basic criticisms against Lewis' argument:1. Lack of distinction between irrational and non-rrational causes of belief,2. The threat of skepticism,3. Lack of distinction between types of “full” explanations. Lewis and Anscombe's views can be considered in several ways: 1.…Read more
  •  220
    The Fourth Dimension of the World of Nature in Mulla Sadra’s Philosophy and Relativity Theory of Einstein
    with Religious Thought, Sepideh Razi, Jaafar Shanazari, and Afshin Shafiee
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 20 (77): 99-126. 2020.
    One of the challenges faced by philosophers throughout history of philosophical thoughts, has always been and is to find an adequate answer to the question of quiddity and existence of time and space. Thus, the present study aims to elaborate on the question of space and time in Mulla Sadra’s philosophy and its relationship with outcomes of modern physics. The study also intends to conduct an analytical comparison between these two views and clarify newer aspects of this complicated and vague qu…Read more
  •  189
    The Comparative Studying of the Relations between Science and Religion in Ian Barbour and Mesbah's Perspective
    with Religious Thought, Mohammad Esmaeeli, Mohammad Sadegh Jamshidi Rad, Mohammad Reza Zamiri, and Seyyed Hasan Bathayi Golpayegani
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 20 (77): 51-78. 2020.
    The relation between science and religion has been one of the most important disturbance of scientists in recent centuries. Expressing thus issue was started in west countries since renaissance seriously and it expanded to all countries even Islamic countries. Mesbah as a philosopher and an Islamic scientist chooses completion idea which is based on his basis; e.g. philosophical foundations with reasonable relativity, paradigm acceptance which means thought basis, experience acceptance which me…Read more
  •  186
    Nasīr ad-Dīn al-Tūsī’s Theory of Truth; the Analysis
    with Religious Thought, Morteza Motavalli, and Ahad Faramarz Qaramaleki
    Jouranl of Religious Thought 21 (78): 99-114. 2021.
    In developing a theory of truth, as the main condition of knowledge, four issues are usually examined: definition or analysis of truth, truth bearer, truth-maker, and relation (in correspondence and coherence theories). A proper theory of truth is the one that affords the explanation of the truth of all types of propositions, and, at the same time, resists the liar paradox. The aim of this inquiry is to analyze Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī’s theory of truth one who is involved both in the liar paradox a…Read more
  •  180
    A Defense of internalism by relying on sadras epistemology
    with Religious Thought, Mohsen Ebrahimi, and Reza Sadeqi
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 20 (77): 29-50. 2020.
    The internalism/externalism controversy has various expanding features in contemporary epistemology. In this article we try to show capabilities of philosophy of Sadra for interfering in this debate. The main goal is to rely on principles of Sadra and defend a kind of internalism that consider cognitive access to factors needed for a belief to be epistemically justified as a pivotal condition. It will be proved that for defense of any knowledge, we should accept immediate and direct knowledge to…Read more
  •  180
    Reliability of Cognitive Faculties: A Critic on Plantinga’s View on Atheist Naturalism
    with Religious Thought, Ahmad Ebadi, and Maryam Salehi
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 20 (77): 127-150. 2020.
    In the naturalism and evolutionism context, the ultimate objective and function of cognitive faculties is adaptation, survival and reproduction. Our cognitive faculties are not developed to generate true beliefs, therefore, but to have adapt behavior. Alvin Planatinga is not at ease with naturalism idea. To him, the problem with naturalism is the non-existence of proper understanding on the manner by which the belief and behavior are interrelated, thus, he concludes that the reliability of cogni…Read more
  •  177
    A Study and Analysis on the Western Approaches Influence and Application in Religious Texts Reading in the Thought of Mohammed Arkoun
    with Religious Thought, Majid Menhaji, and Mehdi Sadatinejad
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 21 (78): 114-140. 2021.
    Mohammad Arkoun (1928-2010) Muslim intellectual, offered "Islamic Criticism" projects, "Applied Islamology" and finally the "Critical Rational Future" project "Negar" with the aim of reviewing and transforming the understanding of the religious text and offering solutions to overcome the decline of Islamic civilization. His main scheme is the critique of Islamic reason, but the methodology is Applied Islamology. Arkoun projects are one of the first projects in the Islamic-Arab world, which have …Read more
  •  172
    After Al-Tusi and his effective work- which is called Nasirian Ethics- Islamic Philosophical Ethics emerges a fixed perspective that tips the balance (scale) in favor of otherworldly Eudemonia and considers worldly Eudemonia as rental land which can be abandoned. Ibn Khaldun tries to present a communicative theory; but his work has limited under the main discourse of Islamic Ethics which is fixed in the space and effect of the mentioned balance. As a consequence, after Mulla Sadra and in Esfahan…Read more
  •  170
    Mystical Explanation of the Relationship between the Velayat of Theological Beliefs from the Perspective of Imam Khomeini
    with Religious Thought, Salamallah Kazem Khani, KHosro Zafarnavaee, and Abdairaza Mazaheri
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 21 (78): 77-98. 2021.
    The most central issue in Imam Khomeini's mysticism is the velayat. The quality of this relationship is one of the important issues of mystical analysis of scholars and its re-reading and explanation can be examined in the context of an important research issue. The present article, with the aim of examining and explaining this relationship and alignment, has tried to examine the texts and knowledge in this field by descriptive-analytical method. Findings of the research indicate that among the …Read more
  •  148
    The Rule of Divine Attributes in History from the Perspective of Nahj al-Balaghah
    with Religious Thought, Masoumeh Haji Maghsoudi, and Mohsen Alviri
    JOURNAL OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT 20 (77): 79-98. 2020.
    Divine Attributes and their reflection in the flowing of history and its stages is one of the most important issues in the theoretical philosophy of history that has attracted the attention of philosophers of history. This issue has become doubly important because it relates to human free will and the extent and manner of his role in history. This article has tried to examine the three attributes: "Lordship", "Knowledge" and "Will" along with a description of the concept of "Fate and Destiny" (G…Read more