•  621
    Enron ethics (or: Culture matters more than codes) (review)
    with Johannes Brinkmann
    Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3). 2003.
    This paper describes and discusses the Enron Corporation debacle. The paper presents the business ethics background and leadership mechanisms affecting Enron''s collapse and eventual bankruptcy. Through a systematic analysis of the organizational culture at Enron (following Schein''s frame of reference) the paper demonstrates how the company''s culture had profound effects on the ethics of its employees.
  •  383
    The challenge of ethical behavior in organizations
    Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7). 1992.
    This paper is designed to do three things while discussing the challenge of ethical behavior in organization. First, it discusses some reasons why unethical behavior occurs in organization. Secondly, the paper highlights the importance of organizational culture in establishing an ethical climate within an organization. Finally, the paper presents some suggestions for creating and maintaining an ethically-oriented culture.
  •  174
    Linking groupthink to unethical behavior in organizations
    Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9). 1992.
    This paper is designed to do four things. First, the paper discusses the importance of groupthink in contributing to unethical behavior. Second, the paper discribes how groupthink contributed to unethical behavior in three organizations (Beech-Nut, E. F. Hutton, and Salomon Brothers). Third, symptoms of groupthink (such as arrogance, overcommitment, and excessive loyalty to the group) will be presented along with two methods for programming conflict (devil's advocate and dialectic) into an organ…Read more
  •  171
    Changing an organization's culture under new leadership
    Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1). 2000.
    Turning around and changing an organization's culture does not happen by chance. The purpose of this paper is to offer insights into what is needed for an organization to successfully transform itself from a culture and experience that does not support individual ethical behavior. The recent bond trading scandal at Salomon Brothers will be used to demonstrate that a successful ethical turnaround does not just happen spontaneously. In particular, we argue that new leadership, altering policies, s…Read more
  •  124
    Leaders as moral role models: The case of John gutfreund at Salomon Brothers (review)
    with Johannes Brinkman
    Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4): 327-339. 2002.
    The paper describes and discusses unethical behavior in organizations, as a result of (interacting) disputable leadership and ethical climate. This paper presents and analyzes the well-known bond trading scandal at Salomon Brother to demonstrate the development of an unethical organizational culture under the leadership of John Gutfreund. The paper argues that leaders shape and reinforce an ethical or unethical organizational climate by what they pay attention to, how they react to crises, how t…Read more
  •  113
    Teaching Business Ethics: Targeted Outputs
    with Edward L. Felton
    Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4): 377-391. 2005.
    Business ethics is once again a hot topic as examples of improper business practices that violate commonly accepted ethical norms are brought to our attention. With the increasing number of scandals business schools find themselves on the defensive in explaining what they are doing to help respond to the call to teach ‘‘more’’ business ethics. This paper focuses on two issues germane to business ethics teaching efforts: the ‘‘targeted output’’ goals of teaching business ethics and when in the cu…Read more
  •  95
    Designing and Delivering Business Ethics Teaching and Learning
    with Edward L. Felton
    Journal of Business Ethics 63 (3): 297-312. 2006.
    The recent corporate scandals in the United States have caused a renewed interest and focus on teaching business ethics. Business schools and their faculties are reexamining the teaching of business ethics and are reassessing their responsibilities to produce honest and truthful managers who live lives of integrity and ethical accountability. The authors recognize that no agreement exists among business schools and their faculties regarding what should be the content and pedagogy of a course in …Read more
  •  75
    The institutionalization of organizational ethics
    Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7). 1991.
    The institutionalization of ethics is an important task for today's organizations if they are to effectively counteract the increasingly frequent occurrences of blatantly unethical and often illegal behavior within large and often highly respected organizations. This article discusses the importance of institutionalizing organizational ethics and emphasizes the importance of several variables (psychological contract, organizational commitment, and an ethically-oriented culture) to the institutio…Read more
  •  66
    This article explores the issue of rebuilding an organization’s reputation following an ethical scandal. We divide our discussion into four parts. First, we discuss the concept of reputation. We note its relevance to today’s organizations, offer several contemporary definitions along with highlighting its benefits and downsides. In the second section, we offer the work of anthropologist, Victor Turner, on social drama along with other views on organizational efforts to rebuild their reputation t…Read more
  •  61
    Toward a profile of student software piraters
    with Hsing K. Cheng and Hildy Teegen
    Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8). 1996.
    Efforts to counter software piracy are an increasing focus of software publishers. This study attempts to develop a profile of those who illegally copy software by looking at undergraduate and graduate students and the extent to which they pirate software. The data indicate factors that can be used to profile the software pirater. In particular, males were found to pirate software more frequently than females and older students more than younger students, based on self-reporting.
  •  50
    Building an effective classroom learningenvironment requires that business ethicsteachers pay particular attention to creating aclassroom environment that values the ideasothers have to offer. This article discussesthe importance of conversational learning tobusiness ethics teaching for effectivelearning. The paper also considers thebusiness ethics teacher's role in using aconversational learning approach to teachingbusiness ethics and some learning processesused to create a classroom climate co…Read more
  •  41
    The importance of institutionalizing ethics within an organization cannot be underestimated.
  •  29
    Human Dignity-Centered Business Ethics: A Conceptual Framework for Business Leaders
    with William J. Mea
    Journal of Business Ethics 160 (1): 53-69. 2019.
    This paper is a contribution to the discussion of how religious perspectives can improve business ethics. Two such perspectives are in natural law of antiquity and recent Catholic social doctrine and teaching. This paper develops a conceptual framework from natural law and CSD/T that business leaders can adopt to build an ethos of humanistic management. This “Human Dignity-Centered” framework fills the gap between time-tested Christian norms and contemporary firm-leaders’ concrete needs. “Human …Read more
  •  29
    Increasing applied business ethics courses in business school curricula
    with Serbrenia J. Sims
    Journal of Business Ethics 10 (3). 1991.
    Business schools have a responsibility to incorporate applied business ethics courses as part of their undergraduate and MBA curriculum. The purpose of this article is to take a background and historical look at reasons for the new emphasis on ethical coursework in business schools. The article suggests a prescription for undergraduate and graduate education in applied business ethics and explores in detail the need to increase applied business ethics courses in business schools to enhance the e…Read more
  •  26
    Stakeholder-sensitive business ethics teaching
    with Johannes Brinkmann
    Teaching Business Ethics 5 (2): 171-193. 2001.
  •  23
    A sensible, workable approach to the teaching of business ethics, based on an understanding of how people actually learn and on the need to start with a clear ...
  •  23
    Business ethics teaching for effective learning
    Teaching Business Ethics 6 (4): 393-410. 2002.
  •  19
    Voicing Moral Concerns: Yes, But How? The Use of Socratic Dialogue Methodology
    with Johannes Brinkmann and Beate Lindemann
    Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3): 619-631. 2016.
    After a selective review of relevant literature about teaching business ethics, this paper builds on a summary of Fred Bird’s thoughts about the voicing of moral concerns provided in his book about moral muteness. Socratic dialogue methodology is then presented and the use of this methodology is examined, for business ethics teaching in general, and for addressing our paper topic in particular. Three short form Socratic dialogues about the paper topic are summarized for illustration, together wi…Read more
  •  19
    Debriefing experiential learning exercises in ethics education
    Teaching Business Ethics 6 (2): 179-197. 2002.
  •  17
    Business ethics curriculum design: Suggestions and illustrations
    with Johannes Brinkmann
    Teaching Business Ethics 7 (1): 69-86. 2003.
  •  13
    Preparing Business and Information Technology Students to Contribute to Organizational Cultures Grounded in Moral Character
    with William I. Sauser
    International Journal of Cyber Ethics in Education 3 (1): 33-53. 2014.
    The ethical crisis in business and information technology is very real. Countering this crisis by creating organizational cultures grounded in moral character is the challenge people face as leaders if they are to regain the respect and confidence of the public. As educators of future business and information technology leaders, how can educators prepare their students to understand, appreciate, and contribute to the establishment of cultures of character in the organizations which employ them—a…Read more
  •  1
    Thoughts and second thoughts about Enron ethics
    with Johannes Brinkmann
    In Christina Garsten & Tor Hernes (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas in Management, Routledge. 2009.
  • Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics (edited book)
    with William I. Sauser
    Information Age. 2011.
    A volume in Contemporary Human Resource Management: Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities Series Editor Ronald R. Sims, College of William and Mary The primary purpose of this book is to stimulate dialogue and discussion about the most effective ways of teaching ethics. Contributors to the book focus on approaches and methodologies and lessons learned that are having an impact in leading students to confront with accountability and understanding the bases of their ethical thinking, the responsib…Read more
  • Business ethics curriculum development : balancing idealism and realism
    with Johannes Brinkmann
    In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics, Information Age. 2011.