•  13
    Sheltering Xenophobia
    Critical Philosophy of Race 1 (1): 68. 2013.
  •  115
    Race as a human kind
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (1): 91-115. 2002.
    In this article I present a positive ontology of 'race'. Toward this end, I discuss metaphysical pluralism and review the theories of Ian Hacking, John Dupre and Root. Working within Root's framework, I describe the conditions under which a constructed kind like 'race' would be real. I contend these conditions are currently satisfied in the United States. Given the social presence and impact of 'race' and the unique way 'race' operates at differing sites, I will argue that it is site-specific, i…Read more
  •  3680
    Xenophobia and Racism
    with David Haekwon Kim
    Critical Philosophy of Race 2 (1). 2014.
    Xenophobia is conceptually distinct from racism. Xenophobia is also distinct from nativism. Furthermore, theories of racism are largely ensconced in nationalized narratives of racism, often influenced by the black-white binary, which obscures xenophobia and shelters it from normative critiques. This paper addresses these claims, arguing for the first and last, and outlining the second. Just as philosophers have recently analyzed the concept of racism, clarifying it and pinpointing why it’s immor…Read more
  •  21
    Mixed-Race Looks
    Contemporary Aesthetics. 2009.
  •  114
    Racial politics in residential segregation studies
    Philosophy and Geography 7 (1): 61-78. 2004.
    Most research about race has been influenced by values of one sort or another. This started with the inception of race as a biological category. Cognitive values about race were concerned with the worth of distinctive taxonomic divisions, and political values about it were concerned with the moral, aesthetic, and political meanings of these human distinctions. The presence of cognitive and non?cognitive values in contemporary social science concerning race is no less present or important. The ro…Read more
  •  67
    Race and place: Social space in the production of human kinds
    Philosophy and Geography 6 (1). 2003.
    Recent discussions of human categories have suffered from an over emphasis on intention and language, and have not paid enough attention to the role of material conditions, and, specifically, of social space in the construction of human categories. The relationship between human categories and social spaces is vital, especially with the categories of class, race, and gender. This paper argues that social space is not merely the consequent of the division of the world into social categories; it i…Read more
  •  12
    Frederick Douglass
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. forthcoming.
  • In Rending The Veil: A Critical Look at the Ontology & Conservation of "Race," I explore the nature and existence of "race" and the question of whether the social use of racial classification ought to continue. The principal vehicle for my exploration is W. E. B. Du Bois's landmark 1897 essay "The Conservation Of Races." It is Du Bois' thesis in that essay, along with the criticism and the support it has met, that forms the focus of my work. This debate, relevant to our times, can be characteriz…Read more
  •  19
    Introduction: place and the philosophy of race: Special Section
    Philosophy and Geography 7 (1): 3-7. 2004.
  •  90
    Being and being mixed race
    Social Theory and Practice 27 (2): 285-307. 2001.
  •  61
    Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (3): 237-243. 2010.
  •  77
    "Racial" nominalism
    Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (2). 2002.
  •  31
    Frederick Douglass’s Longing for the End of Race
    Philosophia Africana 8 (2): 143-170. 2005.
  •  29
    Special Issue on Anna Julia Cooper
    with Kathryn T. Gines
    Philosophia Africana 12 (1): 1-4. 2009.
  •  20
    The Browning of America and the Evasion of Social Justice
    State University of New York Press. 2008.
    Considers the effects of the browning of America on philosophical debates over race, racism, and social justice
  •  30
    Lessons About the Poor
    Radical Philosophy Review 9 (1): 97-102. 2006.
  •  13
    Being and Being Mixed Race
    Social Theory and Practice 27 (2): 285-307. 2001.
  •  247
    Frederick Douglass's Longing for the End of Race
    African Philosophy 8 (2): 143-170. 2005.
    Frederick Douglass (1817–1895) argued that newly emancipated black Americans should assimilate into Anglo-American society and culture. Social assimilation would then lead to the entire physical amalgamation of the two groups, and the emergence of a new intermediate group that would be fully American. He, like those who were to follow, was driven by a vision of universal human fraternity in the light of which the varieties of human difference were incidental and far less important than the ethic…Read more