•  25
    The Place of Philosophy in Bioethics Today
    with Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Sean Aas, Dan Brudney, Jessica Flanigan, Alex London, Wayne Sumner, and Julian Savulescu
    American Journal of Bioethics 1-12. forthcoming.
    In some views, philosophy’s glory days in bioethics are over. While philosophers were especially important in the early days of the field, so the argument goes, the majority of the work in bioethic...
  •  3
    Our current work seeks to provide direct empirical evidence on whether Chinese international students’ experiences studying abroad promote dialectical thinking. We collected behavioral data from 258 Chinese international students studying in multiple regions. We found that there was a main effect among the four conditions. More specifically, when primed with studying abroad or typical day, participants were more likely to show tolerance for contradiction by deeming both sides of contradictory sc…Read more
  •  14
    Ethics review of big data research: What should stay and what should be reformed?
    with Effy Vayena, Minerva Rivas Velarde, Mahsa Shabani, Gabrielle Samuel, Camille Nebeker, Peter Kleist, Walter Karlen, Jeff Kahn, Phoebe Friesen, Bobbie Farsides, Edward S. Dove, Alessandro Blasimme, Mark Sheehan, Marcello Ienca, and Agata Ferretti
    BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1): 1-13. 2021.
    BackgroundEthics review is the process of assessing the ethics of research involving humans. The Ethics Review Committee is the key oversight mechanism designated to ensure ethics review. Whether or not this governance mechanism is still fit for purpose in the data-driven research context remains a debated issue among research ethics experts.Main textIn this article, we seek to address this issue in a twofold manner. First, we review the strengths and weaknesses of ERCs in ensuring ethical overs…Read more
  •  110
    The Ethics of Enhancement
    with Julian Savulescu and David Wasserman
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (3): 159-161. 2008.
    No Abstract
  • BackgroundAthletes will increase their state anxiety under stress situations, which will lead to the decline of sports performance. The improvement of anxiety by probiotics has been reported, but there is a lack of research in the athlete population. The purpose of the current study is to explore the effectiveness of probiotics in improving athletes’ state anxiety and sports performance under stress situations.MethodsWe conducted this single-arm study in Chongqing Institute of Sports Technology.…Read more
  •  5
    Informal Status and Taking Charge: The Different Roles of OBSE, P-J Fit, and P-S Fit
    with Chuanjun Deng, Zhiqiang Liu, Yucheng Zhang, and Yan Bao
    Frontiers in Psychology 11. 2020.
  •  2
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2020.
    "Featuring seventeen original essays on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence by some of the most prominent AI scientists and academic philosophers today, this volume represents the state-of-the-art thinking in this fast-growing field and highlights some of the central themes in AI and morality such as how to build ethics into AI, how to address mass unemployment as a result of automation, how to avoiding designing AI systems that perpetuate existing biases, and how to determine whether an AI is…Read more
  • Aristotle’s Nous as Telos-related Teasoning: an Explanation
    Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 2 (2): 195-200. 2018.
    It is important to re-investigate Aristotle’s concept of nous. This concept basically denotes some telos-related thinking/reasoning activity of the human intellect, which proceeds both upward and downward: upward to grasp a comprehension of the telos one has acquired, and downward to reach some ultimate end. It differs from the theoretical thinking/reasoning of science in its upward-proceeding inquiries in that it constitutes a comprehension of the very first principles; it differs from techniqu…Read more
  •  19
    Recently, Gerhard Øverland and Alec Walen have developed novel and interesting theories of nonconsequentialism. Unlike other nonconsequentialist theories such as the Doctrine of Double Effect, each of their theories denies that an agent’s mental states are relevant for determining how stringent their moral reasons are against harming others. Instead, Øverland and Walen seek to distinguish morally between instances of harming in terms of the circumstances of the people who will be harmed, rather …Read more
  •  30
    Human Rights and Public Health Ethics
    Social Philosophy Today 35 9-20. 2019.
    This paper relates human rights to public health ethics and policies by discussing the nature and moral justification of human rights generally, and the right to health in particular. Which features of humanity ground human rights? To answer this question, as an alternative to agency and capabilities approaches, the paper offers the “fundamental conditions approach,” according to which human rights protect the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. The fundamental conditions approach i…Read more
  •  9
    A Study of the Mechanism of the Congruence of Leader–Follower Power Distance Orientation on Employees’ Task Performance
    with Yan Bao, Jianqiao Liao, Yucheng Zhang, Chuanjun Deng, and Zhiwen Guo
    Frontiers in Psychology 10. 2019.
  •  91
  •  1
    Toward a Basic Mutual Understanding between Confucian and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics
    Business and Professional Ethics Journal 36 (3): 273-284. 2017.
    It is important for philosophers to find out positive approaches for increasing mutual understanding on those fundamental questions in both the Confucian and Aristotelian traditions of doing virtue ethics. The Aristotelian concept of the good and the Confucian concept of dao pose a question about the way human beings see the final principle of ethics. Staying within the realm of human life, Confucius develops two co-related perspectives of seeing the dao of human being. The first perspective see…Read more
  •  17
    Rightholding, Demandingness of Love, and Parental Licensing
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3): 762-769. 2017.
  •  4
    What are centered worlds
    Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247): 294-316. 2012.
    David Lewis argues that centered worlds give us a way to capture de se, or self‐locating, contents in philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. In recent years, centered worlds have also gained other uses in areas ranging widely from metaphysics to ethics. This paper raises a problem for centered worlds and discusses the costs and benefits of different solutions. The present investigation into the nature of centered worlds helps to explicate potentially problematic implicit commitments of t…Read more
  •  29
    Misattributing the Source of Self-Generated Representations Related to Dissociative and Psychotic Symptoms
    with Chui-De Chiu, Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Yi-Ling Chien, Chih-Min Liu, Yei-Yu Yeh, and Hai-Gwo Hwu
    Frontiers in Psychology 7. 2016.
  • A Study On Religious Belief And Near-death Experience-cases From Buddhist
    with Yong-shi You
    Study of Life and Death 1 (11): 177-216. 2011.
    "Near-death experience", English for the Near-Death Experience, referred to as NDE, referring to occurred in the actual death or very close to them, our awareness away from the body clear off the experience. Near-death experience study abroad has been for many years, China is still off. The study, based on the United States Keynes • Lin cells of the theory, put forward by their experience of the ten elements of the future selected four local cases and take the depth qualitative research intervie…Read more
  •  123
    The normativity of memory modification
    Neuroethics 1 (2): 85-99. 2008.
    The prospect of using memory modifying technologies raises interesting and important normative concerns. We first point out that those developing desirable memory modifying technologies should keep in mind certain technical and user-limitation issues. We next discuss certain normative issues that the use of these technologies can raise such as truthfulness, appropriate moral reaction, self-knowledge, agency, and moral obligations. Finally, we propose that as long as individuals using these techn…Read more
  •  31
    Doing business: an obscure notion of the ethics of public associations in ordinary Chinese
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (3): 325-340. 2006.
    Along with the notion of being a person (zuo ren 做人), the notion of doing business (zuo shi 做事) in ordinary Chinese is basically an over-all notion of the norms in the practical and associative activities, carrying typically obscure meanings on practice and association affairs in some external world. Ordinary Chinese not only distinguishes these two notions but also defines a dictionary order of them, with the affairs of the internal world prior to those of the external. The fact that the notion…Read more
  •  8
    Introduction: Finding out the Right Way to Understand Virtue Ethics
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (1): 1-3. 2013.
  •  11
    The ethics of using genetic engineering for sex selection
    Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2): 116-118. 2005.
    It is quite likely that parents will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the sex of their child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis because, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the grounds that the embryo is a person …Read more
  •  54
    The concept of right or fit is an important element entailed, but not fully articulated, in the concept of action or practice in Aristotle's theory of virtue; which, however, turns to be of the utmost importance in later Western ethics. Right is concerned with both feelings and actions, and is not the same for all individuals. It lies in between the two extremes of the spectrum of practical affairs, yet by no means equidistant from them. This account of the concept of fitness or right is derived…Read more
  •  32
    Philosophers today are inclined to propose virtues are either something subjective or something universal. However, Confucius and Aristotle, who made the most profound investigations into virtues, did not develop such theses. The deep-seated reason lies in their belief that there is always a possibility for a human being to become a man of practice, which cancels the need of proposing subjectivity thesis. The reason for their not raising the universality thesis of virtues is that they do not thi…Read more
  •  72
    Aristotle’s view on “the right of practice”: An investigation into Aristotle’s theory of action (review)
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2): 251-263. 2009.
    The concept of right or fit is an important element entailed, but not fully articulated, in the concept of action or practice in Aristotle’s theory of virtue; which, however, turns to be of the utmost importance in later Western ethics. Right is concerned with both feelings and actions, and is not the same for all individuals. It lies in between the two extremes of the spectrum of practical affairs, yet by no means equidistant from them. This account of the concept of fitness or right is derived…Read more
  •  8
    Précis for The Right to Be Loved
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3): 738-742. 2017.