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    The moderating role of CEO race on the relationship between CEO masculinity and company financial performance
    with Hafiza Aishah Hashim, Nor Raihan Mohamad, Khaled Hussainey, and Faozi A. Almaqtari
    International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 18 (1): 104-129. 2024.
    The paper investigates the moderating effect of CEO race on the relationship between CEO masculinity and company performance. The sample includes 260 companies listed on the Bursa Malaysia for the period from 2009 to 2019. Data extracted for 405 unique CEOs from different races (Malay, Chinese, Indian, and others). The paper uses two indicators of CEO masculinity, facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) and testosterone level (Tsh). The fWHR of CEOs is measured using artificial intelligence (Python …Read more