•  391
    Modern Moral Conscience
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (4): 582-600. 2018.
    This article challenges the individualism and neutrality of modern moral conscience. It looks to the history of the concept to excavate an older tradition that takes conscience to be social and morally responsive, while arguing that dominant contemporary justifications of conscience in terms of integrity are inadequate without reintroducing these social and moral traits. This prompts a rethinking of the nature and value of conscience: first, by demonstrating that a morally-responsive conscience …Read more
  •  240
    A Law of One's Own: Self‐Legislation and Radical Kantian Constructivism
    European Journal of Philosophy 23 (4): 1153-1173. 2015.
    Radical constructivists appeal to self-legislation in arguing that rational agents are the ultimate sources of normative authority over themselves. I chart the roots of radical constructivism and argue that its two leading Kantian proponents are unable to defend an account of self-legislation as the fundamental source of practical normativity without this legislation collapsing into a fatal arbitrariness. Christine Korsgaard cannot adequately justify the critical resources which agents use to na…Read more
  •  225
    Socialist Republicanism
    Political Theory 48 (5): 548-572. 2020.
    Socialist republicans advocate public ownership and control of the means of production in order to achieve the republican goal of a society without endemic domination. While civic republicanism is often attacked for its conservatism, the relatively neglected radical history of the tradition shows how a republican form of socialism provides powerful conceptual resources to critique capitalism for leaving workers and citizens dominated. This analysis supports a programme of public ownership and ec…Read more
  •  210
    Sexual Desire and Structural Injustice
    Journal of Social Philosophy. forthcoming.
    Is it unjust that some people are less sexually desired than others? We might have sympathy for the sexually undesired but supposing they suffer an outright injustice can seem absurd. Mere disadvantage is not injustice. However, I argue that political injustices can sometimes arise from the distribution and character of our sexual desires, and that we can be held responsible for correcting these injustices. I draw on a conception of structural injustice to diagnose unjust patterns of sexual attr…Read more
  •  185
    A Civic Republican Analysis of Mental Capacity Law
    Legal Studies 1 (38): 147-163. 2018.
    This article draws upon the civic republican tradition to offer new conceptual resources for the normative assessment of mental capacity law. The republican conception of liberty as non-domination is used to identify ways in which such laws generate arbitrary power that can underpin relationships of servility and insecurity. It also shows how non-domination provides a basis for critiquing legal tests of decision-making that rely upon ‘diagnostic’ rather than ‘functional’ criteria. In response, t…Read more
  •  159
    Are Workers Dominated?
    Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (1). 2019.
    This article undertakes a republican analysis of power in the workplace and labour market in order to determine whether workers are dominated by employers. Civic republicans usually take domination to be subjection to an arbitrary power to interfere with choice. But when faced with labour disputes over what choices it is normal for workers to make for themselves, these accounts of domination struggle to determine whether employers possess the power to interfere. I propose an alternative capabili…Read more
  •  152
    What is Economic Liberty?
    Philosophical Topics. forthcoming.
    Economic liberty is best understood in opposition to economic domination. This article develops a radical republican conception of such domination. In particular, I argue that radical republicanism provides a more satisfactory account of individual economic freedom than the market-friendly liberties of working, transacting, holding, and using championed by Nickel and Tomasi. So too, it avoids the pitfalls of other conceptions of economic liberty which emphasise real freedom, alternatives to immi…Read more
  •  84
    In Defence of Public Ownership: A Reply to Frye
    Political Theory 48 (5): 581-587. 2020.
    Harrison Frye claims that socialist republicanism may be unable to reduce domination due to efficiency costs and accountability deficits imposed by public ownership. I argue that the empirical and theoretical grounds for expecting such a decline in economic efficiency are weak. Moreover, the egalitarian distributive effects of public ownership are likely to be more important for insulating people from domination. So too, workers, consumers, and citizens are not well-protected from domination by …Read more
  •  76
    Autonomy and Orthonomy
    Journal of Moral Philosophy (4): 1-19. 2014.
    The ideal of personal autonomy faces a challenge from advocates of orthonomy, who think good government should displace self-government. These critics claim that autonomy is an arbitrary kind of psychological harmony and that we should instead concentrate on ensuring our motivations and deliberations are responsive to reasons. This paper recasts these objections as part of an intramural debate between approaches to autonomy that accept or reject the requirement for robust rational capacities. It…Read more
  •  53
    The republican ideal of non-domination identifies the capacity for arbitrary interference as a fundamental threat to liberty that can generate fearful uncertainty and servility in those dominated. I argue that republican accounts of domination can provide a powerful analysis of the nature of legal and institutional power that is encountered by people with mental disorders or cognitive disabilities. In doing so, I demonstrate that non-domination is an ideal which is pertinent, distinctive, and de…Read more
  •  43
    Practically free (review)
    The Philosophers' Magazine 45 (45): 110-111. 2009.
    Short book review of Robert Pippin's 'Hegel's Practical Philosophy'.
  •  29
    Mental capacity and autonomy are often understood to be normatively neutral - the only values or other norms they may presuppose are those the assessed person does or would accept. We show how mental disorder threatens normatively neutral accounts of autonomy. These accounts produce false positives, particularly in the case of disorders that affect evaluative abilities. Two normatively neutral strategies for handling autonomy-undermining disorder are explored and rejected: a blanket exclusion of…Read more
  •  26
    Civic Republican Medical Ethics
    Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (1): 56-59. 2017.
    This article develops a civic republican approach to medical ethics. It outlines civic republican concerns about the domination that arises from subjection to an arbitrary power of interference, while suggesting republican remedies to such domination in healthcare. These include proposals for greater review, challenge and pre-authorisation of medical power. It extends this analysis by providing a civic republican account of assistive arbitrary power, showing how it can create similar problems wi…Read more
  •  26
    Consent: Historical Perspectives in Medical Ethics
    In Andreas Müller & Peter Schaber (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent, Routledge. pp. 261-271. 2018.
    This chapter provides an outline of consent in the history of medical ethics. In doing so, it ranges over attitudes towards consent in medicine in ancient Greece, medieval Europe and the Middle East, as well as the history of Western law and medical ethics from the early modern period onwards. It considers the relationship between consent and both the disclosure of information to patients and the need to indemnify physicians, while attempting to avoid an anachronistic projection of concern with …Read more
  •  21
    Civic Republican Disability Justice
    Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability. 2018.
    This chapter develops a civic republican approach to disability justice. It begins by articulating a republican account of liberty as nondomination before showing how such domination can shape the relationships of people with disabilities. This leads to a consideration of whether disability justice can be defined in terms of maximizing or sufficient nondomination. Instead, the chapter provides a civic framework within which republican disability justice can be understood, encompassing both the a…Read more
  •  21
    German Idealism: Contemporary Perspectives (review)
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2): 440-444. 2009.
  •  12
    An Unblinkered View of Best Interests
    with Wayne Martin, Fabian Freyenhagen, Elizabeth Hall, Antal Szerletics, and Vivienne Ashley
    British Medical Journal 1 (345): 1-3. 2012.