•  2
    Egological Ubiquity
    ProtoSociology 36 516-531. 2019.
  • Evaluating Religion
    Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 2 (1). 2010.
  •  7
    The Non-Reality of Free Will
    Noûs 28 (1): 90-95. 1994.
  •  3
    Practical Reflection
    Noûs 26 (1): 115-120. 1992.
  •  8
    Time, Action & Necessity: A Proof of Free Will
    Noûs 18 (3): 526-530. 1984.
  •  42
    Review Essay: Thinking, Language and Experience (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1): 203. 1992.
  •  13
    Abduction as Practical Inference
    The Commens Encyclopedia: The Digital Encyclopedia of Peirce Studies. 2000.
    According to C. S. Peirce, abduction is a rational attempt to locate an explanation for a puzzling phenomenon, where this is a process that includes both generating explanatory hypotheses and selecting certain hypotheses for further scrutiny. Since inference is a controlled process that can be subjected to normative standards, essential to his view of abductive rasoning is that it is correlated to a unique species of correctness that cannot be reduced to deductive validity or inductive strength.…Read more
  •  23
    Adrian. In the Apology, Socrates said that since death involves one of two alternatives, either nonexistence or transition to a better place, then it is not to be feared. Now I think he was absolutely wrong about this for the simple reason that non-existence is a frightful alternative. For those of us who love life, who want to continue living—and admittedly, that's most people in the world—the prospect of ceasing to exist is a cause of legitimate fear.
  •  43
    Modal principles in the metaphysics of free will
    Philosophical Perspectives 10 419-45. 1996.
    Discussions of free will have frequently centered on principles concerning ability, control, unavoidability and other practical modalities. Some assert the closure of the latter over various propositional operations and relations, for example, that the consequences of what is beyond one's control are themselves beyond one's control.1 This principle has been featured in the unavoidability argument for incompatibilism: if everything we do is determined by factors which are not under our control, t…Read more
  •  5
    Vision, vector, veracity
    In Christian Strub (ed.), Blick Und Bild, Wilhelm Fink Verlag. 1998.
    To experience is to undergo a process, to be in a state of receiving input which affords information about our environment. For highly developed beings like ourselves, the inputs determining states of conscious sensory perception are among the most important for our survival. At first glance, these states seem relational, each being a situation wherein a percipient X is passively conscious of something Y--its object, subject-matter, or content--without any apparent effort. Of course, the briefes…Read more
  •  62
    The Phenomeno-Logic of the I: Essays on Self-Consciousness (edited book)
    with H. N. Castaneda and J. G. Hart
    Indiana University Press. 1999.
    This unique volume will appeal to those interested in the philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence as well as students of Castaneda and Latin American philosophy.
  •  67
    Indexical identification: A perspectival account
    Philosophical Psychology 14 (3). 2001.
    It is widely agreed that the references of indexical expressions are fixed partly by their relations to contextual parameters such as the author, time, and place of the utterance. Because of this, indexicals are sometimes described as token-reflexive or utterance-reflexive in their semantics. But when we inquire into how indexicals help us to identify items within experience, we find that while utterance-reflexivity is essential to an interpretation of indexical tokens, it is not a factor in a s…Read more
  •  1
    Terrorism is politically motivated violence directed against noncombatants. It is no doubt as ancient as organized warfare itself, emerging as soon as one society, pitted against another in the quest for land, resources, and dominance, was moved by a desire for vengeance, or, found advantages in operations against ‘soft’ targets. While terrorist violence has been present in the conflict between Jews and Arabs over Palestine for over eighty years, the prevalence of the rhetoric of ‘terror’ to des…Read more
  • G. FORBES "Languages of possibility" (review)
    History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (2): 263. 1991.
  •  352
    Any intelligent discussion of terrorism must demarcate its subject matter, for the term ‘terrorism’ is differently understood and where there is no accord on its meaning there is little chance for agreement on its application or normative status. The best course is to sketch a morally neutral definition that classifies as ‘terrorist’ as many widely-agreed upon cases as possible. Definitions that explicitly render terrorism illegitimate make classification contentious, and it is more informative …Read more
  •  29
    Doxastic Freedom: A Compatibilist Alternative
    American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (1): 31-41. 1989.
  •  6
    Let me begin with definition. Many observers have pointed out that despite the fact that for over three decades, “terrorism” has been deemed a threat to the civilized world, to democratic values, or to “our way of life,” and despite the fact that our country is now engaged in a “war on terror,” there is no universally agreed upon definition of terrorism—not even the various agencies within the U.S. Government are agreed—and, hence, there is no clarity about what we are warring against.
  •  3
    Books in review
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2): 386. 1976.
  •  22
    Perfection and modality: Charles Hartshorne's ontological proof (review)
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2). 1976.
  • Autonomy and Manipulated Freedom
    Noûs 34 (s14): 81-103. 2000.
  •  39
    Lucey's Agnosticism: The Believer's Reply (review)
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 18 (1/2). 1985.
  •  76
    Indexicality and self-awareness
    In Uriah Kriegel & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Self-Representational Approaches to Consciousness, Mit Press. pp. 379--408. 2006.
    Self-awareness is commonly expressed by means of indexical expressions, primarily, first- person pronouns like
  •  2
    Preface The conflict between Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs has endured for a century. It centers on control of territory and, as common in such disputes, is characterized by conquest, destruction, and revenge, with all the animosity and sorrow that these actions bring. Because the land in question is terra sancta to three major religions, the conflict evokes powerful passions involving identity, honor, and the propriety of cultural claims. That its disputants employ sophisticated arguments …Read more
  •  222
    Evaluating Religion
    In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 2, Oxford University Press. 2009.
    This paper examines the nature of religion. A definition of religion is proposed, and a major rival interpretation -- that of John Hick -- is examined and rejected. It is then explained how religions can be evaluated.
  •  121
    Self-Determination and International Order
    The Monist 89 (2): 356-370. 2006.
    Towards the end of the first world war, a “principle of self-determination” was proposed as a foundation for international order. In the words of its chief advocate, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, it specified that the “settlement of every question, whether of territory, of sovereignty, of economic arrangement, or of political relationship” is to be made “upon the basis of the free acceptance of that settlement by the people immediately concerned and not upon the basis of the material interest o…Read more
  •  31
    Quasi-indexical attitudes
    Sorites 11 24-40. 1999.
    Indexicals are inevitably autobiographical, even when we are not talking about ourselves. For example, if you hear me say, "That portrait right there is beautiful," you can surmise not only that I ascribe beauty to an object of my immediate awareness but also something about my spatial relation to it. Again, if I praise you directly within earshot of others by using the words, "You did that very well!," my concern need not be to cause them to think the exact thought I have; they might not be in …Read more