I am a lecturer at the University of Southampton.

I research the nature, scope and epistemic role of perception - both natural and artificial.

I explore the role perception plays in securing knowledge of others' minds.

I provide a primarily epistemological distinction between perceptual and inferential knowledge, which revolves around the nature of warrant-conferring inductive inference.

Recently I have extended this research into the domain of machine learning - in particular artificial neural networks. I aim to understand the sense in which these systems are supposed to be opaque or uninterpretable. The puzzle stems from the fact that…

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