• The Emergence of Persons
    In J. B. Stump & Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity, Wiley-blackwell. pp. 480-490. 2012.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Alternatives to Emergence * Emergence and Its Varieties * Emergent Dualism and Emergentist Materialism * Evaluating the Two Emergentisms * Notes * References * Further Reading
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    Process thought and chinese philosophy
    with John B. Cobb, Joseph Grange, Dirck Vorenkamp, Gu Linyu, James Behuniak, Yih-Hsien Yu, John Berthrong, and Catherine Keller
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (2): 159-296. 2005.
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    Christian Philosophy and Christian Philosophers: Response to Gutowski
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 71 (2): 25-31. 2023.
    The essay is a response to Piotr Gutowski’s Creative Thinking about God and Respect for Christian Identity. The author clarifies his understanding of the Christian integrity and responds to some criticisms formulated by Gutowski.
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    In Defense of the Trinitarian Processions
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 71 (2): 59-71. 2023.
    The doctrine of the processions of the Son and the Holy Spirit from the Father, long an integral part of the trinitarian tradition, has recently been challenged by a number of philosophers and theologians, as is shown in the preceding article by Ryan Mullins. In this reply I speak briefly of the place of the doctrine in tradition. I then review biblical evidence supporting the doctrine, and provide a logical analysis which shows that the doctrine is coherent and has the resources to meet the cha…Read more
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    What is the status of belief in God? Must a rational case be made or can such belief be properly basic? Is it possible to reconcile the concept of a good God with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one religion be true? The most comprehensive work of its kind, Reason and Religious Belief, now in its fourth edition, explores these and other perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary di…Read more
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    Introduction—Sketches from an Album
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 70 (1): 7-13. 2022.
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    Future truth and freedom
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 90 (2): 109-119. 2021.
    It is debated among open theists whether propositions about the contingent future should be regarded as straightforwardly true or false, as all false without exception, or as lacking truth-values. This article discusses some recent work on this topic and proposes a solution different than the one I have previously endorsed.
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    The Case for Emergent Dualism
    In Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism, Wiley-blackwell. 2018.
    Emergentism provides a remarkably appropriate fit with an evolutionary account of the history of life on earth. Emergentism presents us with a compelling picture of the co‐evolution of mind and brain. Among the emergentist options, emergent dualism is the one that best satisfies the requirements of both good philosophy and sound theology. The common versions of creationism are generally modeled on the dualism of Rene Descartes, according to which body and mind are two radically different kinds o…Read more
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    Is the Latin Social Trinity Defensible?
    Faith and Philosophy 38 (4): 505-513. 2021.
    Scott Williams has provided a careful and detailed response to my critique of his Latin Social model of the Trinity. I reply to his defense, and I argue that this model is, in fact, indefensible.
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    Creation, bugs, and emergence
    Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 23 (3): 93-112. 2021.
    An argument is presented, based on a common-sense interpretation of an everyday experience, for emergent dualism as the best available account of the origin of the human mind/soul. Emergent dualism is superior to subjective idealism in that it honors the common-sense conviction that the things we encounter have a real, physical existence, separate from our mental perceptions of them. It is superior to materialism in that it allows for our mental states to have real, physical effects, distinct fr…Read more
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    Molinism’s Freedom Problem: A Reply to Cunningham
    Faith and Philosophy 34 (1): 93-106. 2017.
    Arthur Cunningham has asserted that my argument targeting the “freedom problem” for Molinism is unsuccessful. I show that while he has correctly identified two minor (and correctible) problems with the argument, Cunningham’s main criticisms are ineffective. This is mainly because he has failed to appreciate the complex dialectical situation created by the use of a reductio ad absurdum argument. The result is to underscore the difficulty for Molinism of the freedom problem.
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    Passional Reasoning and the Accessibility of Truth: William Wainwright on Arguing About Religion
    Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 24 (3): 29-48. 2022.
    This essay presents William Wainwright’s conception of religious reasoning. He rejects the view that proper reasoning in religion must be limited to “neutral technical reason” (NTR), modes of reasoning that are neutral and acceptable to all parties in a religious disagreement. He emphasizes that religious reasoning, as seen in outstanding practitioners from different religious traditions, incorporates additional elements, such as appeals to revelation, emphasis on religious reading, rhetoric, ac…Read more
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    Swinburne’s Are We Bodies or Souls?
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 69 (1): 67-82. 2021.
    Richard Swinburne’s Are We Bodies or Souls? presents a sustained case for a view concerning the nature of persons that can be classified as a form of either Cartesian dualism or emergent dualism. This paper comments on two important arguments developed in the book and concludes by considering the problem of the origin of souls.
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    Who’s right about rights?
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (3): 209-212. 2020.
    My comment on Jim Sterba’s bookFootnote1 will consist in a critique of what I take to be the central argument of the book, an argument that a certain kind of evil that is prevalent in our world is logically inconsistent with the existence of a good God. For our purposes here, the argument can be summarized briefly; if my objection as given here succeeds, the entire argument will fail to establish its conclusion. It begins with a statement of an alleged moral principle, then makes some assertions…Read more
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    Theism and Evolutionary Biology
    In Charles Taliaferro & Philip L. Quinn (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, Wiley-blackwell. 1997.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Theism and Evolutionary Theory Evolution and Divine Purpose Evolution and the “Objectivity of Nature” Evolution as Cruel and Wasteful Evolution as Random and Contingent Evolution and Human Nature Evolution, Physicalism, and Purpose Works cited.
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    The God of the Philosophers
    Philosophical Review 90 (4): 621. 1981.
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    “Latin” or “Conciliar,” but Still Incoherent
    Faith and Philosophy 38 (4): 540-545. 2021.
    HaskerI argue that Scott M. Williams’s “Latin/Conciliar Social Trinity” is unable to give a coherent account of some undisputed divine actions. The reason for this lies in Williams’s failure to recognize the different senses in which the trinitarian Persons can be said to have “powers.”
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    William Hasker’s Bibliography
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 70 (1): 225-237. 2022.
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    How to Make a World
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 68 (3): 35-53. 2020.
    Jak stworzyć świat W tym eseju analizuję dwie modalności, dzięki którym można zrealizować złożona zadanie – nazywam je szczegółową kontrolą i celową przypadkowością. Rozważam, która z nich lepiej opisuje stworzenie przez Boga wszechświata, w świetle tego, co wiemy o stworzeniu na podstawie nauki. Badam również związek między tym zagadnieniem a poglądami na temat boskiej Opatrzności, w tym „otwartego teizmu probabilistycznego”, który proponuje Łukasiewicz.
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    The One Divine Nature
    TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 3 (2). 2019.
    The doctrine of the Trinity affirms that there are three divine Persons, each of whom is fully God, who have between them a single concrete divine nature. This paper attempts two show that, and how, these claims are coherent rather than contradictory. In the process a model for the Trinity is proposed using the notion of constitution.
  • Persons and the unity of consciousness
    In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The waning of materialism, Oxford University Press. 2010.
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    The Trinity and the New Testament – a Counter-Challenge to Dale Tuggy
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (1): 179-199. 2021.
    Dale Tuggy argues that my trinitarian views are in conflict with the theology of the New Testament; the New Testament, rather, is unitarian. I show several flaws in this argument, and point out the New Testament evidence that eventually led to the formulation of the doctrine of the Trinity.
  • Incarnation: The Avatar Model
    Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 8 118-141. 2017.
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    Faith and Understanding
    Mind 110 (438): 478-481. 2001.
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    Book reviews (review)
    with Robert L. Perkins, Dallas M. High, Billy Joe Lucas, Charles D. Kay, and Robert E. Carter
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 34 (1): 53-64. 1993.
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    Reply to My Friendly Critics
    Roczniki Filozoficzne 70 (1): 191-223. 2022.