•  20758
    We describe here a series of experimental analogies between fluid mechanics and quantum mechanics recently discovered by a team of physicists. These analogies arise in droplet systems guided by a surface (or pilot) wave. We argue that these experimental facts put ancient theoretical work by Madelung on the analogy between fluid and quantum mechanics into new light. After re-deriving Madelung’s result starting from two basic fluid-mechanical equations (the Navier-Stokes equation and the continuit…Read more
  •  144
    The Uses of Analogies in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Science
    Perspectives on Science 19 (2): 154-191. 2011.
    The object of this paper is to look at the extent and nature of the uses of analogy during the ªrst century following the so-called scientiªc revolution. Using the research tool provided by JSTOR we systematically analyze the uses of “analog” and its cognates (analogies, analogous, etc.) in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the period 1665–1780. In addition to giving the possibility of evaluating quantitatively the proportion of papers explicitly using analogies, …Read more
  •  106
    The emergence and evolution of the expression “conflict of interests” in science : A historical overview, 1880–2006
    with Pierre-Marc Gosselin
    Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3): 337-343. 2008.
    The tendency is strong to take the notion of “conflict of interests” for granted as if it had an invariant meaning and an ethical content independent of the historical context. It is doubtful however, from an historical and sociological point of view, that many of the cases now considered as instances of “conflicts of interests” would also have been conceived and perceived as such in, say, the 1930s. The idea of a “conflict of interests” presupposes that there are indeed interests in conflict. C…Read more
  •  48
    Academic debates are so frequent and omnipresent in most disciplines, particularly the social sciences and humanities, it seems obvious that disagreements are bound to occur. The aim of this paper is to show that whereas the agent who perceives his/her contribution as being misunderstood locates the origin of the communication problem on the side of the receiver who "misinterprets" the text, the emitter is in fact also contributing to the possibility of this misunderstanding through the very man…Read more
  •  45
    The experimenters' regress: from skepticism to argumentation
    with Benoı̂t Godin
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1): 133-148. 2002.
    Harry Collins' central argument about experimental practice revolves around the thesis that facts can only be generated by good instruments but good instruments can only be recognized as such if they produce facts. This is what Collins calls the experimenters' regress. For Collins, scientific controversies cannot be closed by the ‘facts’ themselves because there are no formal criteria independent of the outcome of the experiment that scientists can apply to decide whether an experimental apparat…Read more
  •  42
  •  39
    What did mathematics do to physics?
    History of Science 39 (4): 383-416. 2001.
  •  30
    The object of this paper is two-fold: first, to show that contrary to what seem to have become a widely accepted view among historians of biology, the famous 1953 first Nature paper of Watson and Crick on the structure of DNA was widely cited — as compared to the average paper of the time — on a continuous basis from the very year of its publication and over the period 1953–1970 and that the citations came from a wide array of scientific journals. A systematic analysis of the bibliometric data t…Read more
  •  27
    In this paper, we provide a macro level analysis of the visibility of philosophy of science in the sciences over the last four decades. Our quantitative analysis of publications and citations of philosophy of science papers, published in 17 main journals representing the discipline, contributes to the longstanding debate on the influence of philosophy of science on the sciences. It reveals the global structure of relationships that philosophy of science maintains with science, technology, engine…Read more
  •  24
    Pourquoi le" programme fort" est-il incompris?
    Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 109 235-255. 2000.
  •  18
    This article uses the methods of citation and network analysis to map the global structure of the intellectual field and its development over time. Through the case study of Mersenne's, Oldenburg's and Darwin's correspondences, we show how looking at letters as a corpus of data can provide a global representation of the evolving conversation going on in the Republic of Letters and in intellectual and scientific fields. Aggregating general correspondences in electronic format offers a global port…Read more
  •  14
    Liberté des réseaux socionumériques, contrainte des chercheurs
    Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 59 (1). 2011.
  •  14
    Macroscopic Oil Droplets Mimicking Quantum Behaviour: How Far Can We Push an Analogy?
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3): 271-294. 2015.
    We describe a series of experimental analogies between fluid mechanics and quantum mechanics recently discovered by a team of physicists. These analogies arise in droplet systems guided by a surface wave. We argue that these experimental facts put ancient theoretical work by Madelung on the analogy between fluid and quantum mechanics into new light. After re-deriving Madelung’s result starting from two basic fluid mechanical equations, we discuss the relation with the de Broglie–Bohm theory. Thi…Read more
  •  13
    Naming without Necessity
    Revue de Synthèse 131 (3): 439-454. 2010.
  •  11
    Letters to the Editor
    with D. L. Simms, Martin Bernal, and Lewis Pyenson
    Isis 84 (3): 538-541. 1993.