•  5
    Cognitive scientists have long known that the modalities interact during perceptual processing. Cross-modal illusions like the ventriloquism effect show that the course of processing in one modality can alter the course of processing in another. But how do the modalities interact in the specific domain of object perception? This paper distinguishes and analyzes two kinds of multisensory interaction in object perception. First, the modalities may bind features to a single object or event. Second,…Read more
  •  26
    Representing shape in sight and touch
    Mind and Language. forthcoming.
  •  74
    The Perception-Cognition Border: A Case for Architectural Division
    Philosophical Review 129 (3): 323-393. 2020.
    A venerable view holds that a border between perception and cognition is built into our cognitive architecture and that this imposes limits on the way information can flow between them. While the deliverances of perception are freely available for use in reasoning and inference, there are strict constraints on information flow in the opposite direction. Despite its plausibility, this approach to the perception-cognition border has faced criticism in recent years. This article develops an updated…Read more
  •  112
    A Theory of Perceptual Objects
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3): 663-693. 2019.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
  •  53
    Psychosemantics and the rich/thin debate1
    Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1): 153-186. 2017.
  •  34
    What Do Object Files Pick Out?
    Philosophy of Science 85 (2): 177-200. 2018.
    Many authors have posited an “object file” system, which underlies perceptual selection and tracking of objects. Several have proposed that this system internalizes principles specifying what counts as an object and relies on them during tracking. Here I consider a popular view on which the object file system is tuned to entities that satisfy principles of three-dimensionality, cohesion, and boundedness. I argue that the evidence gathered in support of this view is consistent with a more permiss…Read more
  •  185
    What is an object file?
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. forthcoming.
    The notion of an object file figures prominently in recent work in philosophy and cognitive science. Object files play a role in theories of singular reference, object individuation, perceptual memory, and the development of cognitive capacities. However, the philosophical literature lacks a detailed, empirically informed theory of object files. In this paper, we articulate and defend the multiple-slots view, which specifies both the format and architecture of object files. We argue that object …Read more
  •  608
    A Layered View of Shape Perception
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2). 2017.
    This article develops a view of shape representation both in visual experience and in subpersonal visual processing. The view is that, in both cases, shape is represented in a ‘layered’ manner: an object is represented as having multiple shape properties, and these properties have varying degrees of abstraction. I argue that this view is supported both by the facts about visual phenomenology and by a large collection of evidence in perceptual psychology. Such evidence is provided by studies of s…Read more
  •  50
    Representationalism and Perceptual Organization
    Philosophical Topics 44 (2): 121-148. 2016.
    Some philosophers have suggested that certain shifts in perceptual organization are counterexamples to representationalism about phenomenal character. Representationalism about phenomenal character is, roughly, the view that there can be no difference in the phenomenal character of experience without a difference in the representational content of experience. In this paper, I examine three of these alleged counterexamples: the dot array, the intersecting lines, and the 3 X 3 grid. I identify the…Read more
  •  49
    Attentive Visual Reference
    Mind and Language 32 (1): 3-38. 2017.
    Many have held that when a person visually attends to an object, her visual system deploys a representation that designates the object. Call the referential link between such representations and the objects they designate attentive visual reference. In this article I offer an account of attentive visual reference. I argue that the object representations deployed in visual attention—which I call attentive visual object representations —refer directly, and are akin to indexicals. Then I turn to th…Read more