•  33
    In the 1920s and 1930s, an attempt was made to resurrect the aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius), the extinct wild ancestor of contemporary domestic cattle. The back-bred species that was produced are called ‘Heck cattle’. I argue that the attempt to create the Heck cattle as a form of resurrected aurochs, and their subsequent use in rewilding projects (as in the Oostvaardersplassen in the Netherlands) is a prime example of the continuous human project of the domination of nature. The consider…Read more
  •  16
    Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics (edited book)
    with Andrew Light, Jonathan M. Smith, Annie L. Booth, Robert Burch, John Clark, Anthony M. Clayton, Matthew Gandy, Roger King, Roger Paden, Clive L. Spash, Eliza Steelwater, Zev Trachtenberg, and James L. Wescoat
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1996.
    The inaugural collection in an exciting new exchange between philosophers and geographers, this volume provides interdisciplinary approaches to the environment as space, place, and idea. Never before have philosophers and geographers approached each other's subjects in such a strong spirit of mutual understanding. The result is a concrete exploration of the human-nature relationship that embraces strong normative approaches to environmental problems
  •  26
    Six Trees
    Environmental Ethics 45 (2): 175-197. 2023.
    Consider the existence of six identical trees of the same species across a variety of environments. The first tree is in a wild and isolated landscape. The second is in a wilderness park. The third is in a heavily forested “tree plantation” owned by International Paper. The fourth is in the Ramble in Central Park. The fifth is in a suburban yard. The sixth is inside the six-story atrium of a Manhattan skyscraper. This paper begins with the intuition that the identical trees have different values…Read more
  •  8
    Nature's Presence and the Technology of Death: Reflections On Healing and Domination
    Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 17 (1): 3-7. 1997.
  •  4
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Sunflower Forest: Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with NatureEric Katz (bio)Review of William R. Jordan III, The Sunflower Forest: Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with Nature. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003. Pp. 256, Index.In The Sunflower Forest, William Jordan presents the process of ecological restoration as a new environmental paradigm for a "new kind of environmentali…Read more
  • Review of Faking Nature: The Ethics of Environmental Restoration (review)
    Ethics and the Environment 3 201-205. 1998.
  •  82
    De-extinction raises anew ontological and epistemological problems that have engaged environmental philosophers for decades. This essay re-examines these issues to provide a fuller understanding—and a critique—of de-extinction. One of my claims is that de-extinction as a philosophical problem merely recycles old issues and debates in the field (hence, “zombie” arguments). De-extinction is a project that arises out of the assertion of human domination of the natural world. Thus the acceptance of …Read more
  •  64
    Abstract:Should the process of ecological restoration be considered a type of moral reparation? In a recent issue of this journal, Ben Almassi (2017) has argued that ecological restoration should be understood as a moral repair, i.e., as "a model for rebuilding the moral conditions of relationships" (20). Ideas of restorative justice and moral repair are appropriate to address human injustice and wrongdoing. But these concepts are vacuous and lose their meaning when addressing the ethics of huma…Read more
  •  15
    Reconsidering the Turn to Policy Analysis
    Environmental Ethics 36 (2): 131-132. 2014.
  •  109
    The Problem of Ecological Restoration
    Environmental Ethics 18 (2): 222-224. 1996.
  •  18
    Holmes Rolston, III, Three Big Bangs: Matter-Energy, Life, Mind (review)
    Environmental Ethics 34 (3): 313-316. 2012.
  •  14
    Utilitarianism and Preservation
    Environmental Ethics 1 (4): 357-364. 1979.
    In “The Concept of the Irreplaceable,” John N. Martin claims that utilitarian arguments can explain the environmentalist position concerning the preservation of natural objects as long as human attitudes toward preservation are considered along with the direct benefits of environmental preservation. But this type of utilitarian justification is biased in favor of the satisfaction of human preferences. No ethical theory which calculates goodness in terms of the amount of human satisfaction can pr…Read more
  •  61
    In this essay, I use encounters with the white-tailed deer of Fire Island to explore the “call of the wild”—the attraction to value that exists in a natural world outside of human control. Value exists in nature to the extent that it avoids modification by human technology. Technology “fixes” the natural world by improving it for human use or by restoring degraded ecosystems. Technology creates a “new world,” an artifactual reality that is far removed from the “wildness” of nature. The technolog…Read more
  •  125
    A pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism
    Environmental Ethics 21 (4): 377-390. 1999.
    For much of its brief history, the field of environmental ethics has been critical of anthropocentrism. I here undertake a pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism. In the first part of this essay, I explain what a pragmatic reconsideration of anthropocentrism means. I differentiate two distinct pragmatic strategies, one substantive and one methodological, and I adopt methodological pragmatism as my guiding principle. In the second part of this essay, I examine a case study of environmental…Read more
  •  22
    Environmental Pragmatism
    Ethics and the Environment 2 (2): 199-202. 1996.
  •  1
    John Dewey and Environmental Philosophy (review)
    Environmental Ethics 29 (3): 313-316. 2007.
  •  83
    Further Adventures in the Case against Restoration
    Environmental Ethics 34 (1): 67-97. 2012.
    Ecological restoration has been a topic for philosophical criticism for three decades. In this essay, I present a discussion of the arguments against ecological restoration and the objections raised against my position. I have two purposes in mind: to defend my views against my critics, and to demonstrate that the debate over restoration reveals fundamental ideas about the meaning of nature, ideas that are necessary for the existence of any substantive environmentalism. I discuss the possibility…Read more
  •  365
    The Nazi Engineers: Reflections on Technological Ethics in Hell
    Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3): 571-582. 2011.
    Engineers, architects, and other technological professionals designed the genocidal death machines of the Third Reich. The death camp operations were highly efficient, so these technological professionals knew what they were doing: they were, so to speak, good engineers. As an educator at a technological university, I need to explain to my students—future engineers and architects—the motivations and ethical reasoning of the technological professionals of the Third Reich. I need to educate my stu…Read more
  •  19
    The philosophy of deep ecology originated in the 1970s with the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess and has since spread around the world. Its basic premises are a belief in the intrinsic value of nonhuman nature, a belief that ecological principles should dictate human actions and moral evaluations, an emphasis on noninterference into natural processes, and a critique of materialism and technological progress.This book approaches deep ecology as a philosophy, not as a political, social, or environ…Read more
  •  18
    The abstract wild
    Environmental Ethics 22 (1): 105-108. 2000.
  •  5
    Nature, Value, Duty: Life on Earth with Holmes Rolston, III (review)
    Environmental Ethics 30 (1): 89-92. 2008.