•  34
    In the 1920s and 1930s, an attempt was made to resurrect the aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius), the extinct wild ancestor of contemporary domestic cattle. The back-bred species that was produced are called ‘Heck cattle’. I argue that the attempt to create the Heck cattle as a form of resurrected aurochs, and their subsequent use in rewilding projects (as in the Oostvaardersplassen in the Netherlands) is a prime example of the continuous human project of the domination of nature. The consider…Read more
  •  16
    Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics (edited book)
    with Andrew Light, Jonathan M. Smith, Annie L. Booth, Robert Burch, John Clark, Anthony M. Clayton, Matthew Gandy, Roger King, Roger Paden, Clive L. Spash, Eliza Steelwater, Zev Trachtenberg, and James L. Wescoat
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1996.
    The inaugural collection in an exciting new exchange between philosophers and geographers, this volume provides interdisciplinary approaches to the environment as space, place, and idea. Never before have philosophers and geographers approached each other's subjects in such a strong spirit of mutual understanding. The result is a concrete exploration of the human-nature relationship that embraces strong normative approaches to environmental problems
  •  26
    Six Trees
    Environmental Ethics 45 (2): 175-197. 2023.
    Consider the existence of six identical trees of the same species across a variety of environments. The first tree is in a wild and isolated landscape. The second is in a wilderness park. The third is in a heavily forested “tree plantation” owned by International Paper. The fourth is in the Ramble in Central Park. The fifth is in a suburban yard. The sixth is inside the six-story atrium of a Manhattan skyscraper. This paper begins with the intuition that the identical trees have different values…Read more
  •  8
    Nature's Presence and the Technology of Death: Reflections On Healing and Domination
    Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 17 (1): 3-7. 1997.
  •  4
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Sunflower Forest: Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with NatureEric Katz (bio)Review of William R. Jordan III, The Sunflower Forest: Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with Nature. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003. Pp. 256, Index.In The Sunflower Forest, William Jordan presents the process of ecological restoration as a new environmental paradigm for a "new kind of environmentali…Read more
  • Review of Faking Nature: The Ethics of Environmental Restoration (review)
    Ethics and the Environment 3 201-205. 1998.
  •  82
    De-extinction raises anew ontological and epistemological problems that have engaged environmental philosophers for decades. This essay re-examines these issues to provide a fuller understanding—and a critique—of de-extinction. One of my claims is that de-extinction as a philosophical problem merely recycles old issues and debates in the field (hence, “zombie” arguments). De-extinction is a project that arises out of the assertion of human domination of the natural world. Thus the acceptance of …Read more
  •  64
    Abstract:Should the process of ecological restoration be considered a type of moral reparation? In a recent issue of this journal, Ben Almassi (2017) has argued that ecological restoration should be understood as a moral repair, i.e., as "a model for rebuilding the moral conditions of relationships" (20). Ideas of restorative justice and moral repair are appropriate to address human injustice and wrongdoing. But these concepts are vacuous and lose their meaning when addressing the ethics of huma…Read more
  •  15
    Reconsidering the Turn to Policy Analysis
    Environmental Ethics 36 (2): 131-132. 2014.
  •  109
    The Problem of Ecological Restoration
    Environmental Ethics 18 (2): 222-224. 1996.
  •  84
    Nature as Subject: Human Obligation and Natural Community
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1996.
    Written by one of the instrumental figures in environmental ethics, Nature as Subject traces the development of an ethical policy that is centered not on human beings, but on itself. Katz applies this idea to contemporary environmental problems, introducing themes of justice, domination, imperialism, and the Holocaust. This volume will stand as a foundational work for environmental scholars, government and industry policy makers, activists, and students in advanced philosophy and environmental s…Read more
  •  14
    Unfair to Foundations? A Reply to Weston
    Environmental Ethics 10 (3): 288-288. 1988.
  •  19
    John Dewey and Environmental Philosophy (review)
    Environmental Ethics 29 (3): 313-316. 2007.
  •  52
    In this essay, I discuss the comparison between the restoration of natural environments and the Nazi project to develop a pure homeland for native species and authentic Aryan humans. There exists a metaphorical comparison between Nazi eliminationist policies regarding specific human populations and the eradication of invasive and non-native species in ecological restorations. Moreover, there are substantive environmental policies of the Nazi regime that appear to be similar to the goals and meth…Read more
  •  83
    Environmental Pragmatism (edited book)
    Routledge. 1996.
    Environmental pragmatism is a new strategy in environmental thought. It argues that theoretical debates are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. This new direction in environmental thought moves beyond theory, advocating a serious inquiry into the merits of moral pluralism. Environmental pragmatism, as a coherent philosophical position, connects the methodology of classical American pragmatic thought to the explanation, solution and …Read more
  •  22
    Searching for Intrinsic Value
    Environmental Ethics 9 (3): 231-241. 1987.
    Anthony Weston has criticized the place of “inttinsic value” in the development of an environmental ethic, and he has urged a “pragmatic shift” toward a plurality of values based on human desires and experiences. I argue that Weston is mistaken for two reasons: (1) his view of the methodology of environmental ethics is distorted: the intrinsic value of natural entities is not the ground of all moral obligations regarding the environment; and (2) his pragmatic theory of value is too anthropocentr…Read more
  •  38
    Buffalo-Killing and the Valuation of Species
    Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8 114-123. 1986.
  •  35
    Artefacts and Functions: A Note on the Value of Nature
    Environmental Values 2 (3): 223-232. 1993.
    This paper examines and compares the ontological and axiological character of artefacts – human creations – with nonhuman natural entities. The essential difference between artefacts and natural entities is that the former are always the result of human intention and design, while the latter are independent of human purpose. Artefacts have functions ; natural entities do not. The connection to human intentional purpose implies a different kind of value for artefacts. Artefacts are evaluated sole…Read more
  •  37
  •  26
    Moving beyond Anthropocentrism: Environmental Ethics, Development, and the Amazon
    with Lauren Oechsli
    Environmental Ethics 15 (1): 49-59. 1993.
    We argue for the rejection of an anthropocentric and instrumental system of normative ethics. Moral arguments for the preservation of the environment cannot be based on the promotion of human interests or goods. The failure of anthropocentric arguments is exemplified by the dilemma of Third World development policy, e.g., the controversy over the preservation of the Amazon rain forest. Considerationsof both utility and justice preclude a solution to the problems of Third World development from t…Read more
  •  14
    Utilitarianism and Preservation
    Environmental Ethics 1 (4): 357-364. 1979.
    In “The Concept of the Irreplaceable,” John N. Martin claims that utilitarian arguments can explain the environmentalist position concerning the preservation of natural objects as long as human attitudes toward preservation are considered along with the direct benefits of environmental preservation. But this type of utilitarian justification is biased in favor of the satisfaction of human preferences. No ethical theory which calculates goodness in terms of the amount of human satisfaction can pr…Read more
  •  18
    Holmes Rolston, III, Three Big Bangs: Matter-Energy, Life, Mind (review)
    Environmental Ethics 34 (3): 313-316. 2012.
  •  61
    In this essay, I use encounters with the white-tailed deer of Fire Island to explore the “call of the wild”—the attraction to value that exists in a natural world outside of human control. Value exists in nature to the extent that it avoids modification by human technology. Technology “fixes” the natural world by improving it for human use or by restoring degraded ecosystems. Technology creates a “new world,” an artifactual reality that is far removed from the “wildness” of nature. The technolog…Read more