•  84
    Artificial Intelligence as a Socratic Assistant for Moral Enhancement
    with Jan Deckers
    Neuroethics 13 (3): 275-287. 2020.
    The moral enhancement of human beings is a constant theme in the history of humanity. Today, faced with the threats of a new, globalised world, concern over this matter is more pressing. For this reason, the use of biotechnology to make human beings more moral has been considered. However, this approach is dangerous and very controversial. The purpose of this article is to argue that the use of another new technology, AI, would be preferable to achieve this goal. Whilst several proposals have be…Read more
  •  49
    Erick J. Ramirez, Miles Elliott and Per‑Erik Milam (2021) have recently claimed that using Virtual Reality (VR) as an educational nudge to promote empathy is unethical. These authors argue that the influence exerted on the participant through virtual simulation is based on the deception of making them believe that they are someone else when this is impossible. This makes the use of VR for empathy enhancement a manipulative strategy in itself. In this article, we show that Ramirez et al.’s ethica…Read more
  •  36
    Sobre las razones para ampliar la comunidad moral
    Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 18 (3). 1999.
    En el artículo se critica la tesis de Javier Mosterín (defendida en su libro Vivan los Animales, Debate, 1998) de que los animales no humanos deben ser incluidos en la comunidad moral como resultado de un progreso moral en la sensibilidad de los humanos que llevará progresivamente a una mayor compasión por el sufrimiento ajeno. Tras señalar ciertas deficiencias metaéticas de esta propuesta y la no deseada implicación normativa de tener que incluir finalmente en la comunidad moral a cualquier ser…Read more
  •  32
    Oxytocin, Empathy and Human Enhancement
    Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 32 (3): 367. 2017.
    This paper considers, firstly, to what extent the administration of oxytocin can augment the capacity of empathy in human beings; and secondly, whether or not such practice ought to be allowed. In relation to the latter, the author develops an argument in favour of this intervention by virtue of its consistency with the belief that, if a therapeutic treatment is to be considered acceptable, it is essential that it maximizes the well-being of those affected and that it does not compromise the aut…Read more
  •  27
    La entidad de los animales y nuestras obligaciones con ellos
    Signos Filosóficos 8 (15): 105-128. 2006.
    The article analyzes two basic matters in the recent development of the zooethics. First, whether traditional reasons for the coincidence between the limits of moral community and the limits of human species are valid. Second, the question of what kind of obligations we would have with animals in..
  •  26
    ¿Consecuencias, de qué? Claves de la subsistencia del Utilitarismo
    Telos: Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 18 (1): 105-125. 2011.
    Despite the strong criticisms to ethical utilitarianism, this theory has not succumbed and remains one of the most notorious. The main criticisms address to the consequentialist conception of right that underlies the theory. However,it has been such a conception of right that, at the same time, saved utilitarianism. The article set out the features and changes that, according to the author, are the causes to explain the subsistence of utilitarianism
  •  26
    Virtual Reality and Empathy Enhancement: Ethical Aspects
    with Jon Rueda
    Frontiers in Robotics and AI 7. 2020.
    The history of humankind is full of examples that indicate a constant desire to make human beings more moral. Nowadays, technological breakthroughs might have a significant impact on our moral character and abilities. This is the case of Virtual Reality (VR) technologies. The aim of this paper is to consider the ethical aspects of the use of VR in enhancing empathy. First, we will offer an introduction to VR, explaining its fundamental features, devices and concepts. Then, we will approach the c…Read more
  •  22
    Bioethics and Human Enhancement: an Interview with Julian Savulescu
    with M. Ángeles Arráez, Miguel Moreno, Pedro Francés, and Javier Rodríguez Alcázar
    Dilemata 3 15-25. 2010.
  •  17
    Should we sacrifice embryos to cure people?
    Human Affairs 22 (4): 623-635. 2012.
    Medical stem cell research is currently the cause of much moral controversy. Those who would confer the same moral status to embryos as we do to humans consider that harvesting such embryonic cells entails sacrificing embryos. In this paper, the author analyses critically the arguments given for such a perspective. Finally, a theory of moral status is outlined that coherently and plausibly supports the use of embryonic stem cells in therapeutic research
  •  14
    Ethical requisites for neuroenhancement of moral motivation
    Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 8 (8): 159-181. 2017.
    No agreement exists among ethical theories on what cancount as a right moral motivation. This hampers us from knowingwhether an intervention in motivation biology can be considered positivefor human morality. To overcome this difficulty, this paper identifiesminimal requirements for moral enhancement that could be accepted bythe major moral theories. Subsequently four possible scenarios are presentedwhere the most promising neural interventions on moral motivationare implemented, by means of dru…Read more
  •  13
    Ética en la guerra: la distinción entre soldados y civiles
    Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 38 (2): 79-98. 2013.
    In war a soldier behaving properly should take into account a universal requirement not to kill, to be applied strictly in dealing with civilians, but at the same time to support the exception of taking the life of enemy combatants as an act of selfdefense. This is the usual way to distinguish morally the proper treatment to soldiers and civilians. In this article the author criticizes it and outlines a different way to understand and justify the moral distinction mentioned
  •  7
    Why a Virtual Assistant for Moral Enhancement When We Could have a Socrates?
    Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (4): 1-27. 2021.
    Can Artificial Intelligence be more effective than human instruction for the moral enhancement of people? The author argues that it only would be if the use of this technology were aimed at increasing the individual's capacity to reflectively decide for themselves, rather than at directly influencing behaviour. To support this, it is shown how a disregard for personal autonomy, in particular, invalidates the main proposals for applying new technologies, both biomedical and AI-based, to moral enh…Read more
  •  7
    Biomedical innovations are making possible the enhancement of human capabilities. There are two philosophical stances on the role that medicine should play in this respect. On the one hand, naturalism rejects every medical intervention that goes beyond preventing and treating disease. On the other hand, welfarism advocates enhancements that foster subjective well-being. We will show that both positions have considerable shortcomings. Consequently, we will introduce a third characterization in wh…Read more
  •  4
    Ethical Analysis of the Embryonic Stem Cell Controversy
    Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (6): 226-235. 2012.
    Medical research on human embryo stem cells has provoked a considerable amount of moral controversy. In this paper, the author critically analyses the arguments in this debate. A theory of moral status that coherently and plausibly advocates the use of embryonic stem cells in therapeutic research is also outlined.
  •  2
    The paper presents the philosophical project outlined by Marcuse in his work Contributions to a phenomenology of historical materialism from three different points of view. First, it sketches the discussion context in which this work is placed. then, it explains the critical way in which Marcuse appropriates some of the topics developed in Being and time. Lastly, it indicates the reception that Heidegger made of this original interpretation of his own work.