Wesleyan University
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 1977
Middletown, Connecticut, United States of America
  •  156
    The politics of postmodern philosophy of science
    Philosophy of Science 58 (4): 607-627. 1991.
    Modernism in the philosophy of science demands a unified story about what makes an inquiry scientific (or a successful science). Fine's "natural ontological attitude" (NOA) is "postmodern" in joining trust in local scientific practice with suspicion toward any global interpretation of science to legitimate or undercut that trust. I consider four readings of this combination of trust and suspicion and their consequences for the autonomy and cultural credibility of the sciences. Three readings tak…Read more
  •  139
    Barad's feminist naturalism
    Hypatia 19 (1): 142-161. 2004.
    : Philosophical naturalism is ambiguous between conjoining philosophy with science or with nature understood scientifically. Reconciliation of this ambiguity is necessary but rarely attempted. Feminist science studies often endorse the former naturalism but criticize the second. Karen Barad's agential realism, however, constructively reconciles both senses. Barad then challenges traditional metaphysical naturalisms as not adequately accountable to science. She also contributes distinctively to f…Read more
  •  107
    Mind, body, and world: Todes and McDowell on bodies and language
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 48 (1): 38-61. 2005.
    Dreyfus presents Todes's (2001) republished Body and World as an anticipatory response to McDowell (1994) which shows how preconceptual perception can ground conceptual thought. I argue that Dreyfus is mistaken on this point: Todes's claim that perceptual experience is preconceptual presupposes an untenable account of conceptual thought. I then show that Todes nevertheless makes two important contributions to McDowell's project. First, he develops an account of perception as bodily second nature…Read more
  •  82
    Arguing for the Natural Ontological Attitude
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988. 1988.
    Arthur Fine has recently argued that standard realist and anti-realist interpretations of science should be replaced by "natural ontological attitude" (NOA). I ask whether Fine's own justification for NOA can meet the standards of argument that underlie his criticisms of realism and anti-realism. Fine vacillates between two different ways of advocating NOA. The more minimalist defense ("why not try NOA?") begs the question against both realists and antirealists. A stronger program, based on Fine…Read more
  •  81
    Recovering Thomas Kuhn
    Topoi 32 (1): 59-64. 2013.
    The interpretive plasticity of Kuhn’s philosophical work has been reinforced by readings informed by other philosophical, historiographic or sociological projects. This paper highlights several aspects of Kuhn’s work that have been neglected by such readings. First, Kuhn’s early contribution to several subsequent philosophical developments has been unduly neglected. Kuhn’s postscript discussion of “exemplars” should be recognized as one of the earliest versions of a conception of theories as “me…Read more
  •  55
    Articulating the World: Experimental Systems and Conceptual Understanding
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3). 2011.
    Attention to scientific practice offers a novel response to philosophical queries about how conceptual understanding is empirically accountable. The locus of the issue is thereby shifted, from perceptual experience to experimental and fieldwork interactions. More important, conceptual articulation is shown to be not merely ?spontaneous? and intralinguistic, but instead involves a establishing a systematic domain of experimental operations. The importance of experimental practice for conceptual u…Read more
  •  54
    New philosophies of science in north America — twenty years later
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (1): 71-122. 1998.
    This survey of major developments in North American philosophy of science begins with the mid-1960s consolidation of the disciplinary synthesis of internalist history and philosophy of science (HPS) as a response to criticisms of logical empiricism. These developments are grouped for discussion under the following headings: historical metamethodologies, scientific realisms, philosophies of the special sciences, revivals of empiricism, cognitivist naturalisms, social epistemologies, feminist theo…Read more
  •  47
    Roth (1987) effectively distinguishes Quinean indeterminacy of translation from the more general underdetermination of theories by showing how indeterminacy follows directly from holism and the role of a shared environment in language learning. However, Roth is mistaken in three further consequences he draws from his interpretation of indeterminacy. Contra Roth, natural science and social science are not differentiated as offering theories about the shared environment and theories about meanings…Read more
  •  45
    Why write histories of science?
    History of the Human Sciences 23 (4): 100-104. 2010.
  •  41
    Husserlian phenomenology and scientific realism
    Philosophy of Science 54 (2): 222-232. 1987.
    Husserl's (1970) discussion of "Galilean science" is often dismissed as naïvely instrumentalist and hostile to science. He has been explicitly criticized for misunderstanding idealization in science, for treating the lifeworld as a privileged conceptual framework, and for denying that science can in principle completely describe the world (because ordinary prescientific concepts are irreplaceable). I clarify Husserl's position concerning realism, and use this to show that the first two criticism…Read more
  •  41
    Social Constructivism and the Philosophy of Science by Andre Kukla The Social Construction of What? by Ian Hacking
  •  36
    Heidegger's later philosophy of science
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (1): 75-92. 1985.
  •  28
    Philosophy of science and the persistent narratives of modernity
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1): 141-162. 1991.
  •  28
    Intentionality and the Myths of the Given
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (5): 766-770. 2015.
  •  27
    Epistemological derangement
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4): 835-847. 2005.
  •  27
    Summarizing this century's major debates over realism and the rationality of scientific knowledge, Joseph Rouse believes that these disputes oversimplify the ...
  •  26
    The Dynamics of Power and Knowledge in Science
    Journal of Philosophy 88 (11): 658-665. 1991.
  •  26
    The narrative reconstruction of science
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 33 (2). 1990.
    In contrast to earlier accounts of the epistemic significance of narrative, it is argued that narrative is important in natural scientific knowledge. To recognize this, we must understand narrative not as a literary form in which knowledge is written, but as the temporal organization of the understanding of practical activity. Scientific research is a social practice, whereby researchers structure the narrative context in which past work is interpreted and significant possibilities for further w…Read more
  •  25
    Policing knowledge: Disembodied policy for embodied knowledge
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 34 (3-4). 1991.
    Steve Fuller's Social Epistemology offers a constructive program for integrating philosophy and sociology of science as normative knowledge policy, constrained by the linguistic, psychological, social, and political embodiment of knowledge. I endorse and elaborate upon Fuller's insistence that science studies should take seriously the embodiment of knowledge, but criticize his conception of knowledge policy on three grounds. Knowledge policy as Fuller conceives it seems committed to an untenable…Read more
  •  24
    Philosophical discussions of mechanisms and mechanistic explanation have often been framed by contrast to laws and deductive-nomological explanation. A more adequate conception of lawfulness and nomological necessity, emphasizing the role of modal considerations in scientific reasoning, circumvents such contrasts and enhances understanding of mechanisms and their scientific significance. The first part of the paper sketches this conception of lawfulness, drawing upon Haugeland, Lange, and Rouse.…Read more
  •  23
    How can we understand the world as a whole instead of separate natural and human realms? Joseph T. Rouse proposes an approach to this classic problem based on radical new conceptions of both philosophical naturalism and scientific practice.
  •  20
    Engaging Science through Cultural Studies
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994. 1994.
    The paper introduces cultural studies of science as an alternative to the "legitimation project" in philosophy and sociology of science. The legitimation project stems from belief that the epistemic standing and cultural authority of the sciences need general justification, and that such justification (or its impossibility) arises from the nature or characteristic aim of the sciences. The paper considers three central themes of cultural studies apart from its rejection of these commitments to th…Read more
  •  19
    Review of Georg Gasser (ed.), How Successful is Naturalism? (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (2). 2008.
  •  17
    Kierkegaard on Truth
    Idealistic Studies 18 (2): 145-171. 1988.
  •  15
    Knowledge and Power: Toward a Political Philosophy of Science
    with Robert Ackermann
    Philosophical Review 99 (3): 474. 1990.