•  3
    Research on autonomy exhibits a constellation of variegated perspectives, from the problem of the crude deprivation of it to the study of the distinction between personal and moral autonomy, and from the problem of the role of a “self as narrator”, who classifies its own actions as autonomous or not, to the importance of the political side and, finally, to the need of defending and enhancing human autonomy. My precise concern in this article will be the examination of the role of the human cogni…Read more
  •  27
    This is the preface of the special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-based Reasoning and Abduction, published at the Logic Jnl IGPL (2012) 20 (2): 367-369. doi: 10.1093/jigpal/jzq055 First published online: December 20, 2010
  •  18
    Preface
    with Nancy Nersessian and Paul Thagard
    Philosophica 62. 1998.
  •  1
    Preface
    with Nancy J. Nersessian
    Foundations of Science 10 (1): 1-6. 2005.
  •  42
    MODEL-BASED REASONING IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (edited book)
    with Walter Carnielli and Claudio Pizzi
    Springer. 2010.
    This volume is based on the papers presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology (MBR09_BRAZIL), held at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil, December 2009. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific cognition, but several other kinds as well, use models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some speakers addressed the problem of model-based r…Read more
  • Logical and Computational Aspects of Model-Based Reasoning (edited book)
    Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2002.
  •  16
    Introduction
    with Nancy Nersessian and Paul Thagard
    Philosophica 61. 1998.
  •  14
    Abduction and Scientific Discovery
    with Nancy Nersessian, Paul Thagard, and An Offprint From Philosophies
    Philosophica 61 (1): 51-76. 1998.
  •  15
    Ignorance-Preserving Mental Models Thought Experiments as Abductive Metaphors
    with Selene Arfini and Claudia Casadio
    Foundations of Science 24 (2): 391-409. 2019.
    In this paper, we aim at explaining the relevance of thought experiments in philosophy and the history of science by describing them as particular instances of two categories of creative thinking: metaphorical reasoning and abductive cognition. As a result of this definition, we will claim that TEs hold an ignorance-preserving trait that is evidenced in both TEs inferential structure and in the process of scenario creation they presuppose. Elaborating this thesis will allow us to explain the won…Read more
  •  5
    Introduction: knowing the unknown
    with Selene Arfini
    Synthese 1-5. forthcoming.
  • Abduction and Hypothesis Withdrawal in Science
    The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 37 180-187. 1998.
    This paper introduces an epistemological model of scientific reasoning which can be described in terms of abduction, deduction and induction. The aim is to emphasize the significance of abduction in order to illustrate the problem-solving process and to propose a unified epistemological model of scientific discovery. The model first describes the different meanings of the word abduction in order to clarify their significance for epistemology and artificial intelligence. In different theoretical …Read more
  • Natural Arguments: A Tribute to John Woods (edited book)
    with Dov Gabbay, Woosuk Park, and Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen
    College Publications. 2019.
  •  16
    AlphaGo, Locked Strategies, and Eco-Cognitive Openness
    Philosophies 4 (1): 8-0. 2019.
    Locked and unlocked strategies are at the center of this article, as ways of shedding new light on the cognitive aspects of deep learning machines. The character and the role of these cognitive strategies, which are occurring both in humans and in computational machines, is indeed strictly related to the generation of cognitive outputs, which range from weak to strong level of knowledge creativity. I maintain that these differences lead to important consequences when we analyze computational AI …Read more
  •  7
    Eco-cognitive computationalism considers computation in context, following some of the main tenets advanced by the recent cognitive science views on embodied, situated, and distributed cognition. It is in the framework of this eco-cognitive perspective that we can usefully analyze the recent attention in computer science devoted to the importance of the simplification of cognitive and motor tasks caused in organic entities by the morphological features: ignorant bodies can be domesticated to bec…Read more
  • Cognitive Niche Construction and Extragenetic Information: A Sense of Purposefulness in Evolution
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1-14. forthcoming.
    My book Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning basically refers to all kinds of human hypothetical cognition, also of creative kind. During the research related to the preparation of that book I soon had the opportunity to examine the studies regarding the human process of continuous delegation and distribution of cognitive functions to the environment to lessen cognitive limitations, also and especially in the case of what has been called…Read more
  •  1
    Cognitive Niche Construction and Extragenetic Information: A Sense of Purposefulness in Evolution
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1-14. forthcoming.
    My book Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning basically refers to all kinds of human hypothetical cognition, also of creative kind. During the research related to the preparation of that book I soon had the opportunity to examine the studies regarding the human process of continuous delegation and distribution of cognitive functions to the environment to lessen cognitive limitations, also and especially in the case of what has been called…Read more
  •  2
    Cognitive Niche Construction and Extragenetic Information: A Sense of Purposefulness in Evolution
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1-14. forthcoming.
    My book Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning basically refers to all kinds of human hypothetical cognition, also of creative kind. During the research related to the preparation of that book I soon had the opportunity to examine the studies regarding the human process of continuous delegation and distribution of cognitive functions to the environment to lessen cognitive limitations, also and especially in the case of what has been called…Read more
  •  6
    Governing ignorance through abduction
    Logic Journal of the IGPL. forthcoming.
    I will analyse three fundamental ways of governing ignorance though abduction, which are essential from an eco-cognitive and eco-logical point of view, in which the central role in human cognition of natural and artefactual environment is taken into account. First of all, according to the so-called GW-schema, proposed by Gabbay and Woods, abduction presents an ignorance-preserving or character: given the fact that the abduced hypotheses aim at becoming truths, the basic ignorance is neither solv…Read more
  • Creative Model-Based Diagrammatic Cognition
    In Matthieu Fontaine, Cristina Barés-Gómez, Francisco Salguero-Lamillar, Lorenzo Magnani & Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, Springer Verlag. 2019.
  •  14
    Truth-Seeking by Abduction by Ilkka Niiniluoto
    Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2): 207-209. 2019.
    This excellent book, written by a reputed researcher on philosophy of science and former Chancellor of the University of Helsinki, is both difficult and rewarding. Approaching the problem of abduction from a multidisciplinary perspective, the book contends that a great part of human activity of truth-seeking is due to the hypothetical reasoning performed thanks to abductive skills. The book is the fruit of decades of rich research and collects and reorganizes various articles about abduction or …Read more
  •  5
    Le sentenze che oggi vengono pronunciate contro i criminali psicopatici evitano accuratamente di far leva su considerazioni “morali”. Solitamente l’attribuzione di responsabilità morale ai criminali si basa spesso sul concetto cognitivo di infermità mentale, in maniera tale che il giudizio morale sulla condotta morale dei “criminali psicopatici” in questi casi venga tendenzialmente sterilizzato. La posizione che qui vorrei proporre individua oscurità e limiti epistemici nelle teorie e nei metodi…Read more
  • How to Build New Hypotheses
    In David Danks & Emiliano Ippoliti (eds.), Building Theories: Heuristics and Hypotheses in Sciences, Springer Verlag. 2018.
  • Aristotle clearly states that in syllogistic theory local/environmental cognitive factors—external to that peculiar inferential process, for example regarding users/reasoners, are given up. Indeed, to define syllogism Aristotle first of all insists that all syllogisms are valid and contends that the necessity of this kind of reasoning is related to the circumstance that “no further term from outside is needed”, in sum syllogism is the fruit of a kind of eco-cognitive immunization. At the same ti…Read more
  •  10
    The Urgent Need of a Naturalized Logic
    Philosophies 3 (4): 44--0. 2018.
    The naturalization of logic aims at a revision of mainstream logic. In this article, I contend it is an urgent task to be completed. This new project will permit a new collaboration between logic and cognitive science. This can be accomplished doing for logic what many decades ago Quine and other philosophers undertook in the case of epistemology. First of all, this article analyzes how the naturalization can be achieved thanks to some insights provided by the recent John Woods’ book Errors of R…Read more
  •  7
    Of Cyborgs and Brutes: Technology-Inherited Violence and Ignorance
    with Tommaso Bertolotti and Selene Arfini
    Philosophies 2 (1): 1--14. 2017.
    The broad aim of this paper is to question the ambiguous relationship between technology and intelligence. More specifically, it addresses the reasons why the ever-increasing reliance on smart technologies and wide repositories of data does not necessarily increase the display of “smart” or even “intelligent” behaviors, but rather increases new instances of “brutality” as a mix of ignorance and violence. We claim that the answer can be found in the cyborg theory, and more specifically in the pos…Read more
  •  11
    This article aims at commenting in a novel way on the concept of political correctness, by showing that, even if adopting a politically-correct behavior aims at promoting a precise moral outcome, violence can be still perpetrated, despite good intentions. To afford in a novel way the problem of political correctness, I will adopt a theoretical strategy that adheres to moral stoicism, the problem of “silence”, the “fascist state of the mind” and the concept of “overmorality”, which I have introdu…Read more
  •  2
    Beyond Darwin: Cognitive Niches and Extragenetic Information
    Science & Education 27 (7-8): 811-813. 2018.