•  21
    Toward a Mechanistic Account of Extended Cognition
    Philosophical Psychology 35 (8): 1107-1135. 2022.
    There have been a number of attempts to apply mechanism-related concepts to the notion of extended cognition. Such accounts appeal to the idea that extended cognitive routines are realized by mechanisms that transcend some salient border or boundary. The present paper describes some of the challenges confronting the effort to develop a mechanistic account of extended cognition. In particular, it describes five problems that must be resolved if we are to make sense of the idea that extended cogni…Read more
  •  218
    Applying mechanical philosophy to web science: The case of social machines
    with Kieron O’Hara and Wendy Hall
    European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3): 1-29. 2021.
    Social machines are a prominent focus of attention for those who work in the field of Web and Internet science. Although a number of online systems have been described as social machines, there is, as yet, little consensus as to the precise meaning of the term “social machine.” This presents a problem for the scientific study of social machines, especially when it comes to the provision of a theoretical framework that directs, informs, and explicates the scientific and engineering activities of …Read more
  •  7
    Mill and Marx: Human Nature, the Individual and Freedom
    Dissertation, Keele University (United Kingdom). 1989.
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. ;John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx both understood real human freedom as self-determination. The following study will show that although the origins of these two notions of freedom are widely divergent, they are nevertheless similar in terms of the vision they incorporate of a fully emancipated existence. As both Mill and Marx were system builders in true nineteenth century fashion, I situate their conceptions of freedom within their gener…Read more
  •  66
    Mill and Marx: Individual Liberty and the Roads to Freedom
    Philosophical Review 102 (1): 106-107. 1993.