•  4
    Votes and Virtues: What Democracy Requires
    Philosophy and Global Affairs 1 (2): 237-258. 2021.
    Anglophone political theorists regard democracy as an electoral system. The moral character of citizens in a democracy is of no interest to them. But electoral systems that disregard the virtue of citizens yield racist governmental systems and major injustices. Democracy requires citizens distinguished by virtues.
  •  8
    Commodification and the Limits of Liberal Equality
    Radical Philosophy Review 24 (1): 123-125. 2021.
  •  4
    But What If We Cannot Agree?
    Radical Philosophy Review 23 (1): 71-88. 2020.
    A central challenge common to democratic processes is the inability of citizens to reach agreement on any given matter. Most frequently these disagreements are settled by vote, victory going to the majority. But majority rule is a fairly recent technique. Traditionally decisions were made by some form of non-opposition. This paper describes several versions of that decision-making technique and then shows how mediation methods, also known as “ADR”, can replicate these traditional ways of overcom…Read more
  •  5
    The Promise of Mediated Agreements
    Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (2): 232-250. 2019.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
  •  7
  •  3
    New Questions without a New Art (review)
    Radical Philosophy Review 21 (1): 219-222. 2018.
  •  14
    Methods of Democratic Decision-Making
    Radical Philosophy Review 21 (1): 129-151. 2018.
    The paper reflects on the methods democratic systems use for arriving at decisions. The most popular ones are elections where the majority rules and deliberative democracy. I argue that both of these do not measure up to the demands of democracy. Whether we use voting with majority rule or deliberative methods, only a portion of the citizenry is allowed to rule itself; minorities are always excluded. Instead of voting with majority ruler or deliberative methods, I suggest that we employ mediatio…Read more
  •  4
    Das Geheimnis der Kunst.Das Werk der Freiheit. Zur Philosophie von Geschichte, Kunst und Technik (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (4): 588. 1961.
  •  18
  • Methodological Individualism, Psychological Individualism and the Defense of Reason
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 15 (n/a): 231. 1989.
  • Alienation and Class
    Human Studies 8 (4): 397-401. 1985.
  • Book Review (review)
    Ethics 104 906-909. 1994.
  •  4
    In My Father’s House (review)
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 8 (8): 18-20. 1993.
  • The Radical Philosophy Association
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 1 (1): 2-2. 1990.
  •  11
    Radical Philosophy: Tradition, Counter Tradition, Politics (review)
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 10 (10): 1-6. 1994.
  •  11
    Heidegger’s Analysis of ‘Tool’
    The Monist 49 (1): 70-86. 1965.
    Calls for a rapprochement between analytic philosophy and phenomenology have lately been issued in England and America. It is not altogether clear what such calls intend. No one, I suspect asks for an attempt to restate, say, Austin’s views on language in Heideggerian jargon. More likely the unspoken hope is that, on the contrary, someone would enable analytic philosophers to understand what Husserl and Heidegger and some of the other phenomenologists have to say. This requires nothing less than…Read more
  •  14
    Heidegger: Through Phenomenology to Thought
    with William J. Richardson
    Philosophical Review 75 (4): 540. 1966.
  •  23
    An Introduction to Metaphysics
    Philosophical Review 69 (4): 553. 1960.
    Review of Martin Heidegger, An Introduction to Metaphysics.
  • This work considers Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-philosophicus as a historical and literary text, showing that it takes the form of a climax, a rhetorical figure in which propositions are set forth as a series. This series takes us from what can be expressed clearly to what cannot be expressed at all, by way of representations whose defects can be remedied by reference to the totality of facts, the composition of the fact, the laws of thought, propositions having sense, the truth-function of …Read more
  • On Knowing One's Own Body
    Analecta Husserliana 1 (n/a): 152. 1971.
  •  21
    Sein und Zeit published by Martin Heidegger in 1929, conceals a number of important and interesting thoughts behind cryptic style and many neologisms. My book extracts some key theses from this hermetic text and provides arguments for them. (Heidegger does not argue.) It shows that a good philosopher hides behind this often perplexing text.
  •  1
    Transcendental Phenomenology: Muddle or Mystery?
    Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 2 (1): 19-27. 1971.
  •  32
    Hungarian Studies on Imre Lakatos
    Tradition and Discovery 34 (2): 51-53. 2007.
  •  21
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty, I
    Review of Metaphysics 19 (3): 493-516. 1966.
    The author argues that merleau-Ponty's conception of his task as a philosopher changed between "the structure of behavior" (1942) and "the phenomenology of perception" (1945) and that the latter is accordingly written in a nonscientific style susceptible of misinterpretation. Focusing first on the earlier work, He examines terminological confusions and logical difficulties in merleau-Ponty's critique of realism, And argues that the central concept of form is scientifically useless and philosophi…Read more
  •  20
    Two Senses of "Knowing"
    Review of Metaphysics 18 (4). 1965.
    I shall call the sense in which we know about galaxies and about the past "theoretical knowledge" and the corresponding beliefs, "theoretical beliefs." It is widely accepted now that not all knowing is theoretical knowing, but what the distinction between theoretical and non-theoretical knowing consists in is not equally clear. It is not even clear that there are not different kinds of non-theoretical knowing. In this paper I shall clarify the distinction between theoretical knowing and at least…Read more
  •  28
    In Search of Phenomenology
    Review of Metaphysics 15 (3). 1962.
    The final two parts of the book survey the state of phenomenology in different parts of the globe today and attempt to characterize the main steps of the phenomenological method. In the back of the book there are two historical charts, a glossary, and an index of terms, as well as an index of names.
  •  22
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty, II
    Review of Metaphysics 19 (4). 1966.
    This extension of the critique is intimately connected with the problems raised by Structure. Toward the end of that book it appeared that, since materialism is false, nature, considered as a system of physical objects connected causally, in some sense, exists only "for us." But it is immediately obvious that we use "for us" in an unfamiliar sense, when we say that. It is not being claimed that nature exists only for us in the sense in which, for instance, philosophers have said that secondary q…Read more