Washington University in St. Louis
Philosophy/Neuroscience/Psychology Program
PhD, 1978
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America
Areas of Specialization
Applied Ethics
Normative Ethics
  • Business Ethics Pioneers: Ed Freeman
    Business and Professional Ethics Journal 40 (3): 329-335. 2021.
  •  5
    A puzzle about business ethics
    with Gordon G. Sollars
    Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility. forthcoming.
    Business Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility, EarlyView.
  • Research Handbook of Responsible Management (edited book)
    with Oliver Laasch, Roy Suddaby, and Dima Jamali
    Edward Elgar Publishing. 2020.
    Outlining both historical foundations and the latest research trends, this Research Handbook offers a unique and cutting-edge overview of the numerous avenues to responsible management.Opening with a conceptual mapping of the field, thought leaders such as Henry Mintzberg and Archie Carroll present foundational and controversial views. Frameworks such as sustainability management, responsible leadership, humanistic and biomimetic management are introduced. Glocal approaches include responsible m…Read more
  •  9
    The Promise of Pragmatism: Richard Rorty and Business Ethics
    Business Ethics Quarterly 1-28. forthcoming.
    Pragmatists believe that philosophical inquiry must engage closely with practice to be useful and that practice serves as a source of social norms. As a growing alternative to the analytic and continental philosophical traditions, pragmatism is well suited for research in business ethics, but its role remains underappreciated. This article focuses on Richard Rorty, a key figure in the pragmatist tradition. We read Rorty as a source of insight about the ethical and political nature of business pr…Read more
  •  6
    Practicing Human Dignity: Ethical Lessons from Commedia dell’Arte and Theater
    with Leonardo Colle, Bidhan Parmar, and Simone Colle
    Journal of Business Ethics 144 (2): 251-262. 2017.
    The paper considers two main cases of how the creative arts can inform a greater appreciation of human dignity. The first case explores a form of theater, Commedia dell’Arte that has deep roots in Italian culture. The second recounts a set of theater exercises done with very minimal direction or self-direction in executive education and MBA courses at the Darden School, University of Virginia, in the United States. In both cases we highlight how the creative arts can be important for promoting h…Read more
  •  3
    Unethical, neurotic, or both? A psychoanalytic account of ethical failures within organizations
    with Simone Colle
    Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (1): 167-179. 2020.
  • Poverty and the Politics of Capitalism
    Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (S1): 31-35. 1998.
    1 Here’s a way to think about poverty. People who live in poverty do so because they have few opportunities to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. In fact the gap between rich and poor has increased in recent times due to the more wholesale adoption of capitalist practices around the world. The institutions of business and government conspire to give the poor a Hobson’s choice of minimal wage McJobs or unemployment. Neglect of both urban ghettoes and the rural poor has been systematic, if no…Read more
  •  1
    Introduction
    Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (S1). 1998.
  •  7
    Ruffin Series No. 4: Business, Science, and Ethics
    The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 4 3-3. 2004.
  •  3
    Business, Ethics and Society
    with Gilbert Jr
    Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 2 875-895. 1991.
  •  28
    Tensions in Stakeholder Theory
    with Rajendra Sisodia and Robert Phillips
    Business and Society 59 (2): 213-231. 2020.
    A number of tensions have been suggested between stakeholder theory and strategic management. Following a brief review of the histories of stakeholder theory and mainstream SM, we argue that many of the tensions are more apparent than real, representing different narratives about stakeholder theory, SM, business, and ethics. Part of the difference in these two theoretical positions is due to the fact that they seek to solve different problems. However, we suggest how there are areas of overlap, …Read more
  •  1
    Deepening Methods in Business Ethics
    with Michelle Greenwood
    Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1): 1-3. 2020.
  •  8
    Deepening Methods in Business Ethics
    with Michelle Greenwood
    Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1): 1-3. 2020.
  •  13
    Unethical, neurotic, or both? A psychoanalytic account of ethical failures within organizations
    with Simone de Colle
    Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (1): 167-179. 2020.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
  •  23
    The “Business Sucks” Story
    Humanistic Management Journal 3 (1): 9-16. 2018.
    The purpose of this essay is to suggest that one of the dominant modes of thought in our society is a profound mistrust and misunderstanding of the role of business. A dominant myth in society is that business occupies the moral low ground, separate from ethics or a moral point of view. This position is characterized as the “business sucks” story, and the essay shows how the enactment of this story underlies business thinking among managers and business theorists. The essay concludes with a sugg…Read more
  •  11
    Focusing on Ethics and Broadening our Intellectual Base
    with Michelle Greenwood
    Journal of Business Ethics 140 (1): 1-3. 2017.
  •  11
    Deepening Ethical Analysis in Business Ethics
    with Michelle Greenwood
    Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1): 1-4. 2018.
  •  9
    Profit and Other Values: Thick Evaluation in Decision Making
    with Bastiaan van der Linden
    Business Ethics Quarterly 27 (3): 353-379. 2017.
    ABSTRACT:Profit maximizers have reasons to agree with stakeholder theorists that managers may need to consider different values simultaneously in decision making. However, it remains unclear how maximizing a single value can be reconciled with simultaneously considering different values. A solution can neither be found in substantive normative philosophical theories, nor in postulating the maximization of profit. Managers make sense of the values in a situation by means of the many thick value c…Read more
  •  1
    Cambridge Handbook of Research Approaches to Business Ethics and Corporate Responsibility (edited book)
    with Patricia H. Werhane and Sergiy Dmytriyev
    Cambridge University Press. 2017.
    While there is a large and ever-expanding body of work on the fields of business ethics and corporate social responsibility, there is a noted absence of a single source on the methodology and research approaches to these fields. In this book, the first of its kind, leading scholars in the fields gather to analyse a range of philosophical and empirical approaches to research in business ethics and CSR. It covers such sections as historical approaches, normative and behavioural methodologies, quan…Read more
  •  21
    The New Story of Business: Towards a More Responsible Capitalism
    Business and Society Review 122 (3): 449-465. 2017.
    Business is undergoing a conceptual revolution. Since the Global Financial Crisis there are many new ideas and proposals to make capitalism more responsible. The purpose of this paper is to identify key flaws in the “old story” of capitalism. Six principles are explained that taken together form the basis for a new story of business, one of responsible capitalism.
  •  7
    Who's Who in Business Ethics: A Profile of Richard T. De George
    with Martin Calkins
    Business Ethics: A European Review 5 (1): 47-51. 1996.
  • Anatol Rapoport, Melvin J. Guyer, and David G. Gordon's "The 2 x 2 Game" (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 39 (2): 292. 1978.
  • Preference and Uncertainty
    Dissertation, Washington University. 1978.
  •  464
    The Impossibility of the Separation Thesis
    Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (4): 541-548. 2008.
    Distinguishing “business” concerns from “ethical” values is not only an unfruitful and meaningless task, it is also an impossible endeavor. Nevertheless, fruitless attempts to separate facts from values produce detrimental second-order effects, both for theory and practice, and should therefore be abandoned. We highlight examples of exemplary research that integrate economic and moral considerations, and point the way to a business ethics discipline that breaks new groundby putting ideas and nar…Read more
  •  10
    CQ Sources/Bibliography
    with M. J. Gilmartin
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (2): 273-89. 2004.
  •  9
    Epilogue
    The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics 215-225. 1994.
  •  55
    Introduction
    The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1998 5-6. 1998.
  •  70
    The ethics of greenmail
    with Daniel R. Gilbert and Carol Jacobson
    Journal of Business Ethics 6 (3). 1987.
    In the contemporary flurry of hostile corporate takeover activity, the ethics of the practice of greenmail have been called into question. The authors provide an account of greenmail in parallel with Daniel Ellsberg's conception of blackmail, as consisting of two conditions: a threat condition and a compliance condition.The analysis then proceeds to consider two questions: Is all greenmail morally wrong? Are all hostile takeovers morally wrong? The authors conclude that there is no basis for ans…Read more
  •  133
    Managing for Stakeholders: Trade-offs or Value Creation (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 96 (S1): 7-9. 2010.
  •  18
    Erratum to: Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage: The Theory and Practice of Stakeholder Engagement in Scandinavia
    with Kai Hockerts and Robert Strand
    Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1): 87-87. 2015.
    In this article, we first provide evidence that Scandinavian contributions to stakeholder theory over the past 50 years play a much larger role in its development than is presently acknowledged. These contributions include the first publication and description of the term “stakeholder”, the first stakeholder map, and the development of three fundamental tenets of stakeholder theory: jointness of interests, cooperative strategic posture, and rejection of a narrowly economic view of the firm. We t…Read more