University of California, Riverside
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 2013
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
  •  6
    Edith Landmann-Kalischer on Aesthetic Demarcation and Normativity
    British Journal of Aesthetics 60 (3): 315-334. 2020.
    Two perennial questions in aesthetics, among others, are the demarcation question, viz., what, if anything, distinguishes the aesthetic domain from the cognitive or moral domains, and the normative question, viz., what kind of normativity, if any, does the aesthetic domain involve. Although recent attempts to answer these questions can be found in contemporary literature, in this paper I examine the answers defended by the early phenomenologist Edith Landmann-Kalischer. I show that Landmann-Kali…Read more
  •  5
  •  16
    Schiller on Freedom and Aesthetic Value: Part II
    British Journal of Aesthetics. forthcoming.
    In his Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man, Friedrich Schiller draws a striking connection between aesthetic value and individual and political freedom, claiming that, ‘it is only through beauty that man makes his way to freedom’. However, contemporary ways of thinking about freedom and aesthetic value make it difficult to see what the connection could be. Through a careful reconstruction of the Letters, we argue that Schiller’s theory of aesthetic value serves as the key to understanding …Read more
  •  31
    Schiller on Freedom and Aesthetic Value: Part I
    British Journal of Aesthetics 60 (4): 375-402. 2020.
    In his Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man, Friedrich Schiller draws a striking connection between aesthetic value and individual and political freedom, claiming that, ‘it is only through beauty that man makes his way to freedom’. However, contemporary ways of thinking about freedom and aesthetic value make it difficult to see what the connection could be. Through a careful reconstruction of the Letters, we argue that Schiller’s theory of aesthetic value serves as the key to understanding …Read more
  • Schiller on Freedom and Aesthetic Value Part 2
    British Journal of Aesthetics. forthcoming.
    In his Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man (1795), Friedrich Schiller draws a striking connection between aesthetic value and individual and political freedom, claiming that, “it is only through beauty that man makes his way to freedom.” However, contemporary ways of thinking about freedom and aesthetic value make it difficult to see what the connection could be. Through a careful reconstruction of the Letters, we argue that Schiller’s theory of aesthetic value serves as the key to underst…Read more
  •  1
    The Hidden Art of Understanding: Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty's Appropriation of Kant's Theory of Imagination
    New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 17 225-245. 2019.
    In this paper I explore the influence of Kant's theory of imagination on a specific aspect of Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty's thought, viz., their theories of understanding. 1 argue that the theories of Verstehen that Heidegger presents in Being and Time and of comprendre that Merleau-Ponty presents in Phenomenology of Perception can be helpfully read as elaborations of Kant's account of imagination.
  •  32
    Kant on Aesthetic Autonomy and Common Sense
    Philosophers' Imprint 19. 2019.
    Recently, Kant’s account of aesthetic autonomy has received attention from those interested in a range of issues in aesthetics, including the subjectivity of aesthetic judgment, quasi-realism, aesthetic testimony, and aesthetic normativity. Although these discussions have shed much light on the implications of Kant’s account of aesthetic autonomy, the phenomenon of aesthetic autonomy itself tends to be under-described. Commentators often focus on the negative aspect of this phenomenon, i.e., the…Read more
  •  24
    Volume 98, Issue 1, March 2020, Page 202-205.
  •  10
    Review of Gregory Moss, Ernst Cassirer and the Autonomy of Language (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 6. 2015.
  •  32
    Merleau‐Ponty on abstract thought in mathematics and natural science
    European Journal of Philosophy 26 (2): 780-97. 2018.
    In this paper, I argue that in spite of suggestions to the contrary, Merleau-Ponty defends a positive account of the kind of abstract thought involved in mathematics and natural science. More specifically, drawing on both the Phenomenology of Perception and his later writings, I show that, for Merleau-Ponty, abstract thought and perception stand in the two-way relation of “foundation,” according to which abstract thought makes what we perceive explicit and determinate, and what we perceive is ma…Read more
  •  13
    Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant's Pragmatist Legacy (review)
    Philosophical Quarterly 67 (266): 189-192. 2017.
  •  37
    In spite of Ernst Cassirer’s criticisms of psychologism throughout Substance and Function, in the final chapter he issues a demand for a “psychology of relations” that can do justice to the subjective dimensions of mathematics and natural science. Although these remarks remain somewhat promissory, the fact that this is how Cassirer chooses to conclude Substance and Function recommends it as a topic worthy of serious consideration. In this paper, I argue that in order to work out the details of C…Read more
  •  178
    Merleau-Ponty on Style as the Key to Perceptual Presence and Constancy
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (4): 693-727. 2017.
    In recent discussions of two important issues in the philosophy of perception, viz. the problems of perceptual presence and perceptual constancy, Merleau-Ponty’s ideas have been garnering attention thanks to the work of Sean Kelly and Alva Noë. Although both Kelly’s normative approach and Noë’s enactive approach highlight important aspects of Merleau-Ponty’s view, I argue that neither does full justice to it because they overlook the central role that style plays in his solution to these problem…Read more
  •  302
    The Inclusive Interpretation of Kant's Aesthetic Ideas
    British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (1): 21-39. 2013.
    In the Critique of the Power of Judgment, Kant offers a theory of artistic expression in which he claims that a work of art is a medium through which an artist expresses an ‘aesthetic idea’. While Kant’s theory of aesthetic ideas often receives rather restrictive interpretations, according to which aesthetic ideas can either present only moral concepts, or only moral concepts and purely rational concepts, in this article I offer an ‘inclusive interpretation’ of aesthetic ideas, according to whic…Read more
  •  324
    The Kantian Roots of Merleau-Ponty's Account of Pathology
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (1): 124-149. 2014.
    One of the more striking aspects of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945) is his use of psychological case studies in pathology. For Merleau-Ponty, a philosophical interpretation of phenomena like aphasia and psychic blindness promises to shed light not just on the nature of pathology, but on the nature of human existence more generally. In this paper, I show that although Merleau-Ponty is surely a pioneer in this use of pathology, his work is deeply indebted to an earlier p…Read more
  •  111
    Kant's Expressive Theory of Music
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (2): 129-145. 2014.
    Several prominent philosophers of art have worried about whether Kant has a coherent theory of music on account of two perceived tensions in his view. First, there appears to be a conflict between his formalist and expressive commitments. Second (and even worse), Kant defends seemingly contradictory claims about music being beautiful and merely agreeable, that is, not beautiful. Against these critics, I show that Kant has a consistent view of music that reconciles these tensions. I argue that, f…Read more
  •  31
    The Normativity of Nature: Essays on Kant's “Critique of Judgement.” (review)
    Philosophical Review 126 (2): 281-285. 2017.
  • Cassirer
    Routledge. 2021.
  •  810
    Kantian Themes in Merleau-Ponty’s Theory of Perception
    Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 98 (2): 193-230. 2016.
    It has become typical to read Kant and Merleau-Ponty as offering competing approaches to perceptual experience. Kant is interpreted as an ‘intellectualist’ who regards perception as conceptual ‘all the way out’, while Merleau-Ponty is seen as Kant’s challenger, who argues that perception involves non-conceptual, embodied ‘coping’. In this paper, however, I argue that a closer examination of their views of perception, especially with respect to the notion of ‘schematism’, reveals a great deal o…Read more
  •  131
    Images and Kant’s Theory of Perception
    Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2. 2015.
    My aim in this paper is to offer a systematic analysis of a feature of Kant’s theory of perception that tends to be overlooked, viz., his account of how the imagination forms images in perception. Although Kant emphasizes the centrality of this feature of perception, indeed, calling it a ‘necessary ingredient’ of perception, commentators have instead focused primarily on his account of sensibility and intuitions on the one hand, and understanding and concepts on the other. However, I show that …Read more
  •  285
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    Kant and the Art of Schematism
    Kantian Review 19 (2): 181-205. 2014.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant describes schematism as a (A141/B180–1). While most commentators treat this as Kant's metaphorical way of saying schematism is something too obscure to explain, I argue that we should follow up Kant's clue and treat schematism literally as Kunst. By letting our interpretation of schematism be guided by Kant's theoretically exact ways of using the term Kunst in the Critique of Judgment we gain valuable insight into the nature of schematism, as well as its conn…Read more