Tijs Vandemeulebroucke

Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
  • Christian anthropology‐based contributions to the ethics of socially assistive robots in care for older adults
    with Chris Gastmans, Edoardo Sinibaldi, Richard Lerner, Miguel Yáñez, László Kovács, Laura Palazzani, and Renzo Pegoraro
    Bioethics. forthcoming.
    Our society, in general, and health care, in particular, faces notable challenges due to the emergence of innovative digital technologies. The use of socially assistive robots in aged care is a particular digital application that provokes ethical reflection. The answers we give to the ethical questions associated with socially assistive robots are framed by ontological and anthropological considerations of what constitutes human beings and how the meaning of being human relates to how these robo…Read more
  • The use of care robots in aged care: A systematic review of argument-based ethics literature
    with Bernadette Dierckx De Casterlé and Chris Gastmans
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 74 15-25. 2018.
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    The Ethics of Electronic Tracking Devices in Dementia Care: An Interview Study with Developers
    with Jared Howes, Yvonne Denier, and Chris Gastmans
    Science and Engineering Ethics 30 (3): 1-29. 2024.
    Wandering is a symptom of dementia that can have devastating consequences on the lives of persons living with dementia and their families and caregivers. Increasingly, caregivers are turning towards electronic tracking devices to help manage wandering. Ethical questions have been raised regarding these location-based technologies and although qualitative research has been conducted to gain better insight into various stakeholders' views on the topic, developers of these technologies have been la…Read more
  •  19
    This paper aims to show that dominant conceptions of intelligence used in artificial intelligence (AI) are biased by normative assumptions that originate from the Global North, making it questionable if AI can be uncritically applied elsewhere without risking serious harm to vulnerable people. After the introduction in Sect. 1 we shortly present the history of IQ testing in Sect. 2, focusing on its multiple discriminatory biases. To determine how these biases came into existence, we define intel…Read more
  •  23
    The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and still has, the risk to have an enormous impact on how people socially interact with each other due to possible lockdowns, quarantine and isolation measures to reduce infection rates. Consequently, these measures hold great implications for those medical disciplines that inherently rely on social interaction, such as psychiatry. In their article, ‘Can you hear me?’— Communication, Relationship and Ethics in Video-based Telepsychiatric Consultations’, Frittgen an…Read more
  •  40
    Socially Assistive Robots in Aged Care: Ethical Orientations Beyond the Care-Romantic and Technology-Deterministic Gaze
    with Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé and Chris Gastmans
    Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (2): 1-20. 2021.
    Socially Assistive Robots are increasingly conceived as applicable tools to be used in aged care. However, the use carries many negative and positive connotations. Negative connotations come forth out of romanticized views of care practices, disregarding their already established technological nature. Positive connotations are formulated out of techno-deterministic views on SAR use, presenting it as an inevitable and necessary next step in technological development to guarantee aged care. Ethica…Read more
  •  23
    Which Framework to Use? A Systematic Review of Ethical Frameworks for the Screening or Evaluation of Health Technology Innovations
    with Yvonne Denier, Evelyne Mertens, and Chris Gastmans
    Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (3): 1-35. 2022.
    Innovations permeate healthcare settings on an ever-increasing scale. Health technology innovations impact our perceptions and experiences of health, care, disease, etc. Because of the fast pace these HTIs are being introduced in different healthcare settings, there is a growing societal consensus that these HTIs need to be governed by ethical reflection. This paper reports a systematic review of argument-based literature which focused on articles reporting on ethical frameworks to screen or eva…Read more
  •  22
    The Need for a Global Approach to the Ethical Evaluation of Healthcare Machine Learning
    with Yvonne Denier and Chris Gastmans
    American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5): 33-35. 2022.
    In their article “A Research Ethics Framework for the Clinical Translation of Healthcare Machine Learning,” McCradden et al. highlight the various gaps that emerge when artificial intelligen...
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    Ethics of socially assistive robots in aged-care settings: a socio-historical contextualisation
    with Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé and Chris Gastmans
    Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2): 128-136. 2020.
    Different embodiments of technology permeate all layers of public and private domains in society. In the public domain of aged care, attention is increasingly focused on the use of socially assistive robots supporting caregivers and older adults to guarantee that older adults receive care. The introduction of SARs in aged-care contexts is joint by intensive empirical and philosophical research. Although these efforts merit praise, current empirical and philosophical research are still too far se…Read more