• Tractatus (review)
    with Norman Kretzmann, John Longeway, and John Van Dyk
    Philosophical Review 84 (4): 560-567. 1975.
  • A Dialogue of a Philosopher With a Jew, and a Christian (review)
    Philosophical Review 91 (2): 272-275. 1982.
  •  10
    Faith and Reason
    Philosophical Review 93 (2): 308. 1984.
  •  11
    Divine Substance
    Philosophical Review 89 (1): 145. 1980.
  •  6
    9. Intellect, Will, and the Principle of Alternate Possibilities
    In John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza (eds.), Perspectives on Moral Responsibility, Cornell University Press. pp. 237-262. 1993.
  •  3
    8. Sanctification, Hardening of the Heart, and Frankfurt's Concept of Free Will
    In John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza (eds.), Perspectives on Moral Responsibility, Cornell University Press. pp. 211-234. 1993.
  •  12
    10. Being and Goodness
    with Norman Kretzmann
    In Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action: Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism, Cornell University Press. pp. 281-312. 2019.
  •  20
    Love, Guilt, and Forgiveness
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 85 1-19. 2019.
    In Simon Wiesenthal's book The Sunflower: On the Possibility and Limits of Forgiveness, Wiesenthal tells the story of a dying German soldier who was guilty of horrendous evil against Jewish men, women, and children, but who desperately wanted forgiveness from and reconciliation with at least one Jew before his death. Wiesenthal, then a prisoner in a camp, was brought to hear the German soldier's story and his pleas for forgiveness. As Wiesenthal understands his own reaction to the German soldier…Read more
  •  1
    Aquinas's Moral Theory (edited book)
    Cornell University Press. 1999.
  •  34
    This 1982 book is a history of the great age of scholastism from Abelard to the rejection of Aristotelianism in the Renaissance, combining the highest standards of medieval scholarship with a respect for the interests and insights of contemporary philosophers, particularly those working in the analytic tradition. The volume follows on chronologically from The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, though it does not continue the histories of Greek and Islamic philosophy …Read more
  •  33
    This volume explores the ethical dimensions of a wide selection of philosophical and theological topics in Aquinas's texts.
  • The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism, 1100–1600 (edited book)
    with Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg
    Cambridge University Press. 1988.
    This 1982 book is a history of the great age of scholastism from Abelard to the rejection of Aristotelianism in the Renaissance, combining the highest standards of medieval scholarship with a respect for the interests and insights of contemporary philosophers, particularly those working in the analytic tradition. The volume follows on chronologically from The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, though it does not continue the histories of Greek and Islamic philosophy …Read more
  •  8
    Introduction
    with John Greco
    Res Philosophica 93 (3): 507-507. 2016.
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    The Doctrine of the Atonement: Response to Michael Rea, Trent Dougherty, and Brandon Warmke
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1): 165-186. 2019.
    --
  •  20
    Introduction
    Res Philosophica 96 (1): 1-1. 2019.
  • Hidden Divinity and Religious Belief (edited book)
    with Adam Green
    Cambridge University Press. 2015.
  •  12
    Faith and Goodness
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 25 167-191. 1989.
    Recent work on the subject of faith has tended to focus on the epistemology of religious belief, considering such issues as whether beliefs held in faith are rational and how they may be justified. Richard Swinburne, for example, has developed an intricate explanation of the relationship between the propositions of faith and the evidence for them. Alvin Plantinga, on the other hand, has maintained that belief in God may be properly basic, that is, that a belief that God exists can be part of the…Read more
  •  28
    The Openness of God: Eternity and Free Will
    In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), Ontology of Theistic Beliefs, De Gruyter. pp. 137-154. 2018.
  •  3
    Atonement
    Oxford University Press. 2018.
    This work argues that Christ's atonement disarms human resistance to God's love and so brings about acceptance of divine forgiveness.
  •  464
    Atonement and the Cry of Dereliction from the Cross
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (1): 1. 2012.
    Any interpretation of the doctrine of the atonement has to take account of relevant biblical texts. Among these texts, one that has been the most difficult to interpret is that describing the cry of dereliction from the cross. According to the Gospels of Mathew and Mark, on the cross Jesus cries, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?‘ In this paper, I give a philosophical analysis of the options for understanding the cry of dereliction, interpreted within the constraints of orthodox Christi…Read more
  •  523
    Wandering in Darkness: Further Reflections
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (3): 197--219. 2012.
  •  38
    Personal relations and moral residue
    History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3): 33-56. 2004.
    To what extent can one be saddled with responsibility or guilt as a result of actions committed not by oneself but by others with whom one has a familial or national connection or some other communal association? The issue of communal guilt has been extensively discussed, and there has been no shortage of writers willing to apply the notion of communal responsibility and guilt to Germany after the Holocaust. But the whole notion of communal guilt is deeply puzzling. How can evil actions cast a s…Read more
  •  10
    Petitionary Prayer
    American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2): 81-91. 1979.
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    Aquinas
    Routledge. 2003.
    Few philosophers or theologians exerted as much influence on the shape of medieval thought as Thomas Aquinas. He ranks amongst the most famous of the Western philosophers and was responsible for almost single-handedly bringing the philosophy of Aristotle into harmony with Christianity. He was also one of the first philosophers to argue that philosophy and theology could support each other. The shape of metaphysics, theology, and Aristotelian thought today still bears the imprint of Aquinas' work…Read more
  •  1
    The Story of the Stone: Wisdom and Folly
    In Melville Y. Stewart & Chih-kʻang Chang (eds.), The Symposium of Chinese-American Philosophy and Religious Studies, International Scholars Publications. pp. 1--163. 1998.
  • Topics: their development and absorption into consequences
    In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy, Cambridge University Press. pp. 273--299. 1982.
  •  25
    The Philosophical Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas
    Review of Metaphysics 47 (1): 141-143. 1993.
    This book is the second volume of a two-part study, The Metaphysics of St. Thomas Aquinas in a Historical Perspective. In the first part, the author concentrated on Aquinas's understanding of "common being"; in this part he considers Aquinas's account of the existence and nature of God. Elders largely follows the order of the first questions of Aquinas's Summa theologiae. He begins by examining Aquinas's views about the demonstrability of God's existence and then devotes considerable attention t…Read more